The Relevance Of ICT In The Modern Library Setting (A Case Study Of Futo Library, Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

The Relevance Of ICT In The Modern Library Setting (A Case Study Of Futo Library, Owerri)


Abstract


This research work examined the relevance of ICT in modern library with a particular reference to Futo Library, Owerri.

The data collection instrument used for this work were questionnaire, interview schedule and observation methods.

The research population composed of the students, lecturers, library staffs and client of the institutions under study.

The findings revealed the application of information and communication technology service, the types of ICTs in use in the academic library and the examination of their standards. The findings showed the problems in the academic libraries.

Base on the findings, recommendations were made on ways of solving the outstanding problems by giving an insight on the positive outcome of embarking on ICT for the libraries. The suggestions generally highlighted on the challenges and opportunities of library services in terms of application of information and communication technology services.


Table of Contents


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.4 Data Collection Instrument
  • 3.5 Procedure for Data Collection
  • 3.6 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Distribution and Return Rate of Questionnaire
  • 4.2 Background Information of Respondents
  • 4.3 Occupational Status of Respondents
  • 4.4 Making Use of the Library
  • 4.5 The Role of ICTs in Their Academic Library
  • 4.6 Feasible of Computerizing/automated Academic Library
  • 4.7 Considering of ICTs as an Investment or a White Elephant Project
  • 4.8 Enumerate the Types of ICTs Used as a Best in the Library
  • 4.9 Benefit / Effectiveness of Using ICTs
  • 4.10 Problem Encountered in the Use of ICTs in the Library

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Summary of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendices
  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix II (Questionnaire)

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Relevance of information and communication technology services (ICTs) in modern library : a case study of FUTO library, Owerri has been studies in this project.

These applying of information and communication technology services have been used as the ultimate aim of the information service. It is also applied to the operation of libraries and information centers to ensure the information delivered is timely, accurate, precise and relevant.

These information and communication technology is used to describe system only recently in use and those destined for use in the foreseeable future. Information and communication technology services” itself has been defined as all the electronic infrastructure and facilities employed by libraries to improve and provide efficient services such as facilities in broad terms consist of hardware, software and communication links between the services outlets of the same library and similar outlets of different library to facilitate the sharing of common resources, for example library network.

According to Evarest C. Madu (2004); computers are link together to one another forming large network, the telephone system are being digitalized and their collective technology capabilities are now able to provide such services as on-line information, electronic mail, facsimile transmission.

Information and communication technology services have made the libraries to handle information in a variety of forms. Information conveyed by speech, textural materials, pictures or table of numerous can be deal in easy way. These evident about the new technologies that are available have affected the inherent affairs or operations of libraries considering the geometric growth rate of publication and other communication.

The fact is that people are becoming\ more aware of the sue of academic orUniversity library, encourage a large volume of clerical work in the library

The library that automates their operations invariably work more efficiently and save the time of their users better. More efforts should be made in the computerization of the polytechnic library. information and communication technology services like the digital computers perform the routine but essential tasks at rapid speech which is for greater than-would have been expected from a manual operation, this has to breaching effects on various department of ten academic library in terms of operating automatic location of materials, retrieval, cataloguing of material in the library.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

This indicate that modern library practices in many universities in Nigeria; it is not one factor that is responsible for the flaws un the polytechnic library but undoubtedly clear that information and communication technology services or computerization can be very influential in matters affecting the libraries.

In this regard, the information and communication technology services become unavoidable in every academic libraries dispensation because of its roles. The absences of computer or information and communication technology services in FUTO has been a source of concern for most people whose interests lie on library and document services, much ass they believe that the prevailing situation has been stalling progress.

From available records, universities and few polytechnic which have the computer (that is ICTs) are not lacking behind in their assigned library roles unlike those polytechnic who have not.

The researcher attempt to develop into this area of study should be seen as a move capable on unraveling the reason behind the continued absence of (ICTs) or computerization the universities mentioned the decision the study this phenomenon is therefore foresighted.


1.3 Objective of the Study

These objectives are intended to be my little contribution to the improvement of library services and the way to acquired knowledge. They are as followed:

  1. Do you make use of the library?
  2. To determine the type of ICTs equipment
  3. To find out whether there is a feasible (ICT) in modern library
  4. To determine whether ICTs is an investment or a white elephant project.
  5. To find out the types of ICTs equipment use in the modern library as the best.
  6. To find out the cost ICTs benefit effectiveness
  7. To determine the activities in the library that constitutes information and communication technology.
  8. To find out the problem encountered in using ICTs in academic libraries

1.4 Research Questions

These questions have been dressed in consideration of application of information and communication technology (ICT) as a solution for accommodating library needs and requirement. They are:

  1. Have you make use of the library?
  2. What are the roles of information and communication technology services in the library?
  3. What are the feasibility of ICTs ion the modern library?
  4. Is ICTs an investment or a white elephant project?
  5. Enumerate the type of ICTs computer consider best for library usage?
  6. What are the costs of ICTs benefits effectiveness?
  7. What are the activities in the library that constitute information and communication technology services?
  8. Enumerate the problem which we encountered in using ICTs in modern libraries?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no adequate adoption of ICT facilities for library automation in FUTO.
  • Ha: There is an adequate adoption of ICT facilities for library automation in FUTO.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study is meant to keep modern libraries abreast of the current trends in the use of information and communication technology for easy and accessible means of information retrieval and dissemination.

It will also be a great significant to staff, student and clientele of academic libraries. It will support plan for library development and input to improving services. This study will also serve as literature/reference materials for research in the future.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope covered the relevance of information and communication services in the management of Nigerian academic libraries” a case study of FUTO , Owerri.

The areas we need to look into include:

  1. The benefits of applying information and communication technology services in Nigerian modern libraries.
  2. The benefit federal polytechnics are getting by applying ICTs in their library.
  3. The problems inherent in the introduction of the system of ICTs.
  4. How such problem can be overcome or solution for solving the problem.

Efforts will also made by maintaining the effectively, bearing in mind the lack of maintenance culture, which is the bane of many laudable project in the developing countries/nations.

The scope is limited to the use of micro electric based information and communication technologies that have influenced computing and telecommunication, the use of computers and telecommunication in the dissemination of information.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researcher encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. More so, the researcher simultaneously engaged in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition Of Terms

Application:

This refer to as a programme that enable the computer to do specific job in different field of human endeavours (Engr. Timo Duru, 2005)

Information:

This means a human being assigns to data by means of the convention applied to that data. (Drubbel, 2003).

Communication:

Is a means of the flows of information from one place of the sources to another (Drubble, 2003).

Technology:

This is the application of science to practical human ends particularly to increase productivity and available of leisure and to improve to quality of life (Evarest .C Madu, 2004).

Services:

This refers to as a means of rendering a help or information idea to a person or some thing (Evarest C. Madu, 2002).

Management:

Is the specific organ of the business enterprises and organ can be define only through their functions (Drucker, 1990).

Academic library:

These are the libraries in institution of higher learning such as universities, polytechnics, colleges of education, college of technology (Emmanuel A. Oduagwu, 2002).

Library:

Is a store or house of document knowledge where professionally selected and acquired knowledge, print and non print materials are processed, and orderly arranged to make for easy location, retrieval and use. (Isaac Nnadimele, 2008).


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.0 Introduction

This chapter contains summary of finding conclusion and recommendation of the study.


5.1 Summary Of Finding

Based on the result of the finding (28) questionnaire were given to the staff of FUTO library Owerri of which the questionnaire were returned and nine (9) was valid.

The first segment of the background information on the respondents sought to determine the gender distribution of the respondents. The data presented in table (2) shows that male dominate the FUTO library.

The second segment of the questionnaire was concerned with the finding of the ranks of the respondents. From the first question in the questionnaire, it was known that there is the use of library in Academic library and that student, lecturer / staff and clients make use of the federal polytechnic library on a daily need. Also, with respect to question table 5, five which sought to determine the role of ICTs in the academic library, it was observed that ICTs function as keeping accurate record, maintaining up-to-date information, quick work implement quick delivery of information.

In relation to question table six, it was observed that computerizing academic library can be feasible in the following ways that mention in the option. In relation to table seven, it was observed that ICTs is a white elephant project. it is not an investment. It is also confirmed that the tree option indicate in the table 7, are the best library usage.

From the question on table eight questionnaires, it was known that there is an effectiveness of ICTs. Also with respect to questionnaire on table ten determined that all the above options are the problem encountered in the use of ICTs in the library, which the respondents gave includes the following:

  1. Lack of capital
  2. Lack of manpower
  3. Inadequate power supply
  4. Lack of telecommunication
  5. Inadequate ICTs equipment or facilities

5.2 Conclusion

It is obvious from the generated and analyzed data that federal polytechnic Nekede carries out information and communication technology services and it helps in the dissemination of information in the UNIVERSITIES libraries in Nigeria.

Therefore, any library that wants to live up to expectation must be connected or lese be isolated from organs of development. Libraries must be adequately prepared for the new challenge, the phenomenon of living in cyber space and continuously learning environment induced by rapidly changing circumstances.

Therefore, the researcher concluded that the exercise is given much attention in FUTO, Owerri.


5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings and conclusions of the study, the researcher made the following recommendations:

  1. Adequate fund should be provided for the purchase of ICTs facilities.
  2. Adequate telecommunication will be provided.
  3. Proper handled of ICTs equipment and services should be provided on daily bases to avoid faults.
  4. Standard man power training should be provided.

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