Accreditation And The Role Of The Academic Library In Undergraduate, Graduate, And Other Teaching Programs (Adult, Community, Distance Education)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Accreditation And The Role Of The Academic Library In Undergraduate, Graduate, And Other Teaching Programs (Adult, Community, Distance Education)


Abstract


This paper examines the process of accreditation exercise at Fountain University, indicating the role of library in the exercise, in compliance with the National Universities Commission’s definition of accreditation. Emphasis was on the library holdings, quantity and quality of materials and their currency.

The accreditation exercise indicates that the institution maintains clearly specified educational objectives that are, consistent with its mission and appropriate to the degrees it offers. Based upon reasoned judgment, the process stimulates evaluation and improvement, while providing a means of continuing accountability to the public. This study seeks to provide an insight in to the accreditation exercise at fountain university, Osogbo, with a view to sharing experiences of the library as the integral part of the institution. The paper thus concluded that the statement of Fountain University accreditation status with the NUC is also an affirmation that the institution ispersistently committed to the Commission’s principles and philosophy of accreditation.

Keywords: Accreditation, Academic library, National Universities Commission, Fountain University Introduction

Accreditation is a process of self-study and external quality review used in higher education toscrutinize an institution and/or its programs for quality standards and need for quality improvement. Dictation, and whether it is achieving its mission and stated objectives. The process usually includes a self evaluation, peer review and a site visit.

Accreditation standards and guidelines in Nigeria educational system is aimed at strengthening programs for quality assurance and quality improvement. It is a process that aids institutions in developing and sustaining effective educational programs and assures the educational community, the general public, and other organizations that the accredited institution has met high standards of quality and effectiveness.

Accreditation of the university programmes and subsequent standardization across the tertiary institutions nationwide by the N.U.C remain substantively superficial especially in the absence of a mechanism to ascertain or ensure that the prescribed programmes are implemented by competent and qualified personnel both in the administrative and academic sectors of the university, according to l aid down criteria. Institutional accreditation has to incorporate both internal self assessment and external judgments.

While it is very necessary that there should be certain minimum standards agreed upon and which guide the operations of institutions of similar status nationwide , it is equally desirable that recognition is given to the internal peculiarities of each. (Commission on Colleges Southern Association of Colleges and School, 2001) Therefore, the process of accreditation should provide a means of recognizing some levels of performance, quality and integrity which engenders confidence from the public and the broad educational community.

A perceived belief is that accreditation is purported to provide quality assessment which is monitored by bodies assessing quality in post secondary education, including governmental agencies and professional associations. (Enser, 2002) It is also believed that the process of accreditation is undertaken in order to evaluate an institution or programs against some (usually not clearly articulated) minimally acceptable standards which protect the institutions themselves, their students and the public.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The accreditation of degree and other academic programs is an acknowledgement process in which standards, guidelines and procedures are evaluated to ascertain the quality of a particular program by accrediting authorities which are either government agencies or professional bodies. Okebukola (2006) opined that accreditation of undergraduate programs in Nigerian Universities is meant to ensure that the provision of Minimum Academic Standard documents is attained, maintained and enhanced. It is a process of examining the obtainability and adequacy of resources, merit rating of resources and programs in order to enhance the quality of output. Accreditation as a process ensures that the curriculum, personnel, infrastructure, learning materials as well as the learning environment satisfy the needs and relevance of a university to achieve their predefined objectives. It is the process of evaluating from time to time, the academic standards of various undergraduate programs in various higher institutions of learning. In Nigeria, accreditation function is administered by the National University Commission (NUC) for all universities (including Federal, State and Private Universities), whereas the National Board for Technical Education (NABTE) handles that of Polytechnics and Mono-technics and finally, the National Commission for Colleges of Education who are concerned with the accreditation of other higher educational institutions like colleges of education and other institute that are responsible for training teachers It is also important to know that some professional or specialized courses are assessed by separate body or agencies. Some of these professional/specialized courses include: law, medicine, engineering and accounting.  The role of the National University Commission is to ensure that accreditation of academic programs, is made evident with continuous monitoring of these programs and subsequently, the accreditation of universities all through Nigeria. It is in this regard that Akomolafe (2009) pointed out the various benchmarks for accreditation of academic programs such as; to examine adequacy of admission requirements; resource assessment at the inception; scrutinize the fitness of philosophy of the programs and academic status of academic personnel. She further identified adequacy of office accommodation and curriculum in line with National University Commission Bench mark; budget allocation to departments; examine external moderation of scripts; results; scores; reports of student’s work capability and library facilities. Some of these facilities include: number of library staff members, number of collection, currency, physical structure of the library, budget allocation and etcetera. Librarians are actively involved in the accreditation for the reason that the provision and use of library resources and services contribute to the quality of the student’s educational experience. The way academic library support and manages its library collections reveals the priorities of the institution, the educational goals and methods of faculty and the performance of students and graduates.  This view was further shared by Adegbesan (2011), who opined that the future of accreditation exercise is also of great attention, since the criteria that are formulated and applied may affect the proportion of the institutional resources that are available to libraries and the prospects for their performance. The academic library is an integral part of a university, which exists to meet the information needs of students, staff, researchers and other users in the community. Onwudinjo (2015) posited that the main function of academic library is to serve as an auxiliary to its parent institution in carrying out its objectives. He also noted that the library is an important intellectual resource of an academic community, as it helps the university to fulfill the curriculum requirements and promote studies and research. Relevant books and other information materials are provided by stressing that academic library is a learning center for the students, as it function to providing materials that are needed for learning all courses. In a similar study, Abubakar (2011) also stressed the fact that library is a place of great interest to the undergraduates as it provides relevant, adequate and up to-date information materials that are needed for learning all potential courses that may be offered. This is why all academic library collections, are setup to meet the information and research needs of any academic program offered by the institution. That is, librarians put necessary efforts to involve the various departments by sending publisher’s catalogue to each of them to see the list of available materials before embarking on annual acquisition. Afolabi (2014) revealed that accreditation is awarded to higher education programs that meet the education requirement to set standards. It centers on a review of a program’s content and delivery that includes area such as relevance, coherence, challenge, assessment, staffing, quality assurances and resources. Many institutions and department had failed accreditation by National University Commission (NUC) just because the libraries failed to meet the standard for information materials in those disciplines. It is important to assert that a university cannot exist and function properly without the presence of a library. This was the view of Afolabi (2014) in his study when he described a university and its library to be interdependent. This is because each is clearly indispensable of the other and this is the main reason why a university is established alongside with its library at all costs.  This view was further shared by Edem, Ani, and Ocheibi (2008) as they expressed the idea that University libraries function as partners in supporting the university in teaching, learning and research, thus making them the “heart” of the universities.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Effective quality assurance depends on the availability of highly qualified faculty members and administrators. The success of accreditation, audits, and academic reviews is particularly demanding of human capacity since the success of the process is so dependent on the quality, dedication, and integrity of the people who serve as peer reviewers, and that of the administrators and faculty members who prepare the self-assessment and collect needed data at institutions being reviewed. Despite concerted efforts, it is evident that Those efforts are hampered by: the difficulty to find a sufficient number of academics who are qualified and willing to serve as peer reviewers; the lack of appropriate training for those involved in the process in the accrediting agencies, at institutions, and as peer reviewers; and difficulties some institutions face in amassing the data needed for effective self-studies (Hayward, 2006). Also, issue of standard and quality assurance are still a mirage to most concerned Nigerians and the public. This observation, has in fact remained a bone of contention in the minds of people. Most universities are still facing additional challenges of recognition, quality and development of programmes offered in their institutions (C. N. Ozurumba, V. O. Ebuara, 2014) To address these problems, there is need to evaluate accreditation of the programmes and making suggestions that will promote quality of output towards sustenance of the Universities programmes. It is against this backdrop that the researcher embarked on this study to investigate accreditation and the role of the academic library in undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs (adult, community, distance education).


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of the study is to examine the accreditation and the role of the academic library in undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs (adult, community, distance education). the specific objectives is as follows

  1. Determine whether academic libraries promotes effective teaching programs among undergraduate and graduate.
  2. Determine the extent academic libraries plays a significant role in the accreditation of teaching programs tertiary institutions.
  3. Determine the extent academic libraries contributes to the promotion of community literacy through adult and distant education.
  4. Ascertain the extent academic libraries promotes the accreditation of community literacy through adult and distant education

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study

  1. Does academic libraries promotes effective teaching programs among undergraduate and graduate?
  2. What is the extent academic libraries plays a significant role in the accreditation of teaching programs tertiary institutions?
  3. What is the extent academic libraries contributes to the promotion of community literacy through adult and distant education?
  4. What is the extent academic libraries promotes the accreditation of community literacy through adult and distant education?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The hypotheses have been formulated for the study

  • H0: Academic library do not play a role in the accreditation of undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs in the University
  • Ha: Academic library play a role in the accreditation of undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs in the University

1.6 Significance of the Study

This research intends to examine the role of accreditation and the role of the academic library in undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs (adult, community, distance education). The findings of this research will be of utmost significance to government, governing council of institutions, academic librarians, students and researchers. It will help the government to understand the need to make available adequate fund for academic library in other to meet-up accreditation requirements and pave way for effective and efficient policies for improvement of academic libraries in general. To librarians, the study will help them with required information by acquiring relevant resources in meeting accreditation demands. To academic libraries, this study will serve as guide to implementing policies to enable them function effectively too. Finally, this study will be an addition to the already existing literature in the field of library and information technology.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the accreditation and the role of the academic library in undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs (adult, community, distance education).hence, the study will determine whether academic libraries promotes effective teaching programs among undergraduate and graduate, determine the extent academic libraries plays a significant role in the accreditation of teaching programs tertiary institutions, determine the extent academic libraries contributes to the promotion of community literacy through adult and distant education and ascertain the extent academic libraries promotes the accreditation of community literacy through adult and distant education. The study is delimited to Fountain University, Oshogbo, Osun State.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. Insufficient funds tend to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire, and interview), which is why the researcher resorted to a moderate choice of sample size. More so, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. As a result, the amount of time spent on research will be reduced.


1.9 Definitions of Terms

Accreditation:

The action or process of officially recognizing someone as having a particular status or being qualified to perform a particular activity.

Academic Library:

A library that is attached to a higher education institution and serves two complementary purposes: to support the curriculum and the research of the university faculty and students.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on accreditation and the role of the academic library in undergraduate, graduate, and other teaching programs (adult, community, distance education) using Fountain University as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting determine whether academic libraries promotes effective teaching programs among undergraduate and graduate,determine the extent academic libraries plays, a significant role in the accreditation of teaching programs tertiary institutions, determine the extent academic libraries contributes to the promotion of community literacy through adult and distant education and ascertain the extent academic libraries promotes the accreditation of community literacy through adult and distant education. A total of 30 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from librarians in fountain University.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Academic libraries promotes effective teaching programs among undergraduate and graduate.
  2. Aacademic libraries plays a significant role in the accreditation of teaching programs tertiary institutions.
  3. Academic libraries contributes to the promotion of community literacy through adult and distant education.
  4. Academic libraries promotes the accreditation of community literacy through adult and distant education.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The study recommended that sufficient financial support should be given to academic libraries to enable them function effective.
  2. The study recommended that alternative power supply should be provided for library to have a stable power supply.
  3. The study also recommended that enough skilled persons with background knowledge in librarianship should be put in charge of the library.
  4. It also recommended that academic libraries should also invest in acquisition of electronic resources, as the world is going digital.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Accreditation And The Role Of The Academic Library In Undergraduate, Graduate, And Other Teaching Programs (Adult, Community, Distance Education)

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.