Impact Of Provision And Use Of School Library Resources And Services On Student Study Habits

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Impact Of Provision And Use Of School Library Resources And Services On Student Study Habits


Abstract


This study focuses on the impact of provision and use of school library resources and services on the study habits of students in Government College, Afikpo, Ebonyi State Nigeria. It critically considered opinions of researchers over the time on the roles, influence, and effects of library resources and services provided and utilized in school libraries on the study and reading habits as well as the educational development of students in the secondary school level in Nigeria and beyond. Four (4) research questions were answered. The research design adopted was the descriptive survey design with a sample of fifty (50) respondents drawn from SS2 and SS3 of the institution. The purposive sampling technique was adopted in selecting the respondents. The instrument for data collection was limited to the questionnaire. Copies of the instrument were distributed to the students selected and all were retrieved on-the-spot for data analysis. Data generated were analyzed using frequency counts and mean scores. A criterion mean of 2.50 was adopted to ascertain the acceptance and rejection of item statements. The study found out the provision of different library resources and services in secondary school. These resources were lowly utilized by the students. The findings also revealed the possession of good study habits by the students. The study also found positive impacts of library resources and services on the study habits of the students. This is based on the fact that majority of the respondents believes they are motivated to study in the library and develop their study habits through the availability and their use of different resources and services in the library. The study, therefore, recommends the compulsory consideration and proper equipping of school libraries as a panacea for approval of secondary schools, among other recommendations.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The library, especially the school library of the 21st century is regarded as the hub of academic activities. Libraries, especially, school libraries bring together the teachers and the students/pupils with the teacher librarian or school librarian serving as an anchor. However, the information age has pushed the teacher-librarians on their toes. They are faced with the sole responsibility of coordinating the library users and the proper management of information resources and services for optimum use and benefit (Shabi & Adeagbo, 2015). Consequently, libraries at the secondary school level serve as reading rooms and information centers as well as meeting points for young people where ideas are shared and there are a constant flow and exchange of information. This information is embodied in library resources and services. The ideas shared and constant flow of information may have a direct or indirect influence on the attitude of the students towards information bearing-materials (such as books, magazines, etc.). Through this, there could be a desire to either read/study more or to abandon the process of reading and studying. However, once the study habit of the student has been developed through the use of resources and services of the library, these students will naturally come to the libraries in search of books and other information resources. By using the libraries, they consolidate their study culture through the understanding of the new world that is found within the library building (Shabi & Adeagbo, 2015).

It has been widely observed that children and young adults are now finding it more natural to turn to a mobile phone/computer screen than a book when in need of information. This is a great challenge to analog libraries, their resources, and services. To this end, these libraries struggle to maintain relevance and to keep up with the digital revolution while fostering the love of literature among the library users at the early stage. It is expedient that as result of trying to meet the requirements of the 21st-century library user, the library is faced with different ways of designing their resources and services. Many have found creative answers, developing spaces that allow children to make discoveries, put electronic media to imaginative use, learn, perform, and relax – as well as read as the solution and what can ensure the satisfaction of this category of users.

Furthermore, within the immediate past decade, researches have shown with clarity the importance of developing library services such as lending services, reprographic services, information search, and retrieval services, photocopying services, reference and referral services, amongst other library services in the high school environment (Makotsi, 2005). Robin (as cited in Todd, 2012) confirms that any high school without an efficient and effective library is comparable to the generator without fuel. In view of the above, issues that have to do with educational standards cannot be properly addressed in isolation of the school library. Based on this assertion among numerous opinions, this research tends to investigate the impact of provision and use of school library resources and services on the study habit of students in Government College, Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria


1.2 Statement of the Problem

For any individual to acquire good and quality education, there will be need for them to have access to information materials that will help them widen their horizon, develop knowledge, perform better in their studies from works of scholars in their respective fields of study. These materials are not just being sourced for by these individuals especially when they are enrolled as students in schools because it is part of the obligations of the school management to provide them with these educational materials, hence the necessity for making library resources available in schools for teachings, learning and research.

The library helps school teachers achieve the goals of producing well-informed and prepared students for lifelong education. The full range of information resources are needed for the school library to function. This includes helping children develop their reading habits, improve their reading skills, and study habits. Library facilities contain information in print and non-print formats such as textbooks, magazines, indexes, newspapers and magazines, reports, the Internet, videotapes and diskettes. Connoway and Laurence (2003) have pointed out that the unavailability of school resources such as library resources negatively affects the motivation and learning of staff and students. Maram and Ogun (2002) confirm that the high unavailability of library resources in most school libraries has a negative impact on the use of library resources and the academic performance of students in schools. In other cases, facilities may be available in the library, but users may not be able to use them because these resources are inaccessible (Aguolu and Aguolu, 2002). The researcher found that the problem of poor performance, poor research habits, poor reading skills and learning habits is more pronounced in schools with poorly equipped libraries, limited reading times, and meeting the needs of students, hence it becomes necessary to find out the availability and utilization of school library resources and academic performance in selected secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government, Delta State.


1.3 Research Objective

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the provision and use of school library resources and services on the study habits of students in Government College, Afikpo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Furthermore, the following specific objectives formulated, guided the study. They include to:

  1. Find out the library resources and services provided in Government College, Afikpo;
  2. Ascertain the extent of use of the library resources and services by students of Government College, Afikpo;
  3. Find out the study habits of students in Government College, Afikpo; and
  4. Discover the impact of library resources and services on the reading habit of students

1.4 Research Question

  1. Find out the library resources and services provided in Government College, Afikpo;
  2. Ascertain the extent of use of the library resources and services by students of Government College, Afikpo;
  3. Find out the study habits of students in Government College, Afikpo; and
  4. Discover the impact of library resources and services on the reading habit of students

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The study developed for testing the following hypothesis:

  • H0: There is no significant positive relationship between provision of library resources and reading habit of students.
  • HA: There is a significant positive relationship between provision of library resources and academic performance of students reading habit of students.

1.6 Significance of the Study

A vivid understanding of library resources, its importance and need for availability and utilization by students as well as the significant role it places in the academic performance of students would be of immense relevant to managements of schools, the government, researchers, students and all the various bodies that comes to play when talking of library resources and student academic performance. The outcome of the study will help students to strategize and reconstruct their attitude regarding the utilization of available library resources in their schools. It will also push them further to identify the exciting benefits that comes when school library resources are utilized by students.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study will analyze the the impact of provision and use of school library resources and services on student study habits in Government College, Afikpo, Ebonyi State. The study is limited to some selected Secondary Schools in the area. Hence, the respondents for this study will be obtained from and among secondary school students in the study area.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.


1.9 Operational Definitions of Terms

Library:

A library is any room which contains learning resources such as books, writings and journals that students use. Other resources are like films, tapes, pictures and charts models and a host of other teaching materials in addition to the printed books to which most people are accustomed (Farrant, 1981).

School Library:

According to Adefarati, E.O. (2002). a school library is a library in public or private elementary or secondary school that serves to provide information needs of its students and the curriculum needs of its teachers and staff. The library is usually managed by a school librarian. The school library equips students with lifelong learning skills and develops the imagination, enabling them to live as responsible citizens.

Performance:

This refers to the positive achievement expected from students in terms of learning and character.

Academic Performance:

This refers to how well or badly a student does in his/her study.

Utilization:

This refers to the use of resources in order to satisfy given needs on regular basis.

Availability:

This refers to the state of being ready and accessible when required or needed.


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  1. Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  2. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  3. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  4. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  5. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the impact of provision and use of school library resources and services on student study habits, Government College, Afikpo as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations


5.2 Summary

The study has shown the provision of different school library resources and services in Government College, Afikpo. It was also reported that the students make use of the resources and services of the school library to a very low extent. On the study habits of the students, the result shows that the students manifest positive study habits. It was also reported that the library resources and services of the school library positively influences the studying habit of the students. The findings of this study were compared with the findings of other researchers. It agreed with some of the findings and disagreed with some other findings. The reason for the disagreement could be as a result of the time the studies were conducted, the geographical location, and the category of respondents.


5.3 Conclusion

In conclusion, this study was conducted to ascertain the impact of school library resources on the study habit of students of Government College, Afikpo. It answered four research questions and concludes through its findings that for improved study habits, school libraries, resources, and services are vital. In recommendation, the study recommends massive restructuring of secondary schools in Nigeria to incorporate the establishment of school libraries as a panacea for approval of secondary schools, both public and private. Also, it should not stop at the establishment of school libraries, efforts should be made to properly equip these libraries with relevant resources and services. The researchers wish to also recommend the inclusion of the use of the library as a lesson in the secondary school curriculum. This would enable the students to uncover, the importance of the library, the resources, and services available in them and how to make judicious use of the library resources and services.

Management of school libraries should ensure the recruitment of qualified school librarians and the school librarians should rise up to the challenge facing them in the areas of assisting the pupils and students develop good and positive reading and studying habitat their formation age. This has a great effect on the academic performance and educational development of the students in the future when he/she leaves the primary and secondary schools for institutions of higher learning.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology as a team with different partners should establish new school libraries explicitly in network auxiliary schools in the nation in light of the fact that a large portion of them need libraries; they ought to likewise guarantee that the school libraries are well furnished with all essential library facilities.
  2. The school management should train their Library staff professionally through to enable them work effectively.
  3. The government should put more effort to build, strengthen and revive school libraries for the purpose of making them useful in enhancing student learning.
  4. The government should give priority on provision of adequate funds necessary for the provision of current and up to date library resources and also for the employment of qualified librarians.
  5. The school administration should devise a method of allotting students more time to study in the libraries in order to avoid poor academic performance currently being experienced in secondary schools.

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