Nutritional Disorder Commonly Found In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Food Science and Technology (FST)

Nutritional Disorder Commonly Found In Nigeria


Table Of Contents


Pages

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction


Chapter Two

2.0 History of Nutritional Disorder

  • 2.1 Literature Review
  • 2.2 Diagnosis of Nutritional Disorder
  • 2.3 Causes and Symptoms
  • 2.4 Effect of malnutrition
  • 2.5 Effect of protein Energy Malnutrition
  • 2.6 Classes of Food, deficiency, Symptom, Causes

Chapter Three

3.0 Material and Methods

  • 3.1 Method Identifying Kwashiorkor
  • 3.2 Prediction of Nutritional Status of Chemical analysis of Urine and Anthropometric method
  • 3.3 Method of Detecting Anaemia
  • 3.4 Method of Detecting Iodine Deficiency
  • 3.5 Method of Detecting Vitamin A deficiency
  • 3.6 Method of detecting Ricket and osteomalacia
  • 3.7 Method of detecting scurvy

Chapter Four

4.0 Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Symptoms and control of Protein Energy Malnutrition
  • 4.1.1 Kwashiorkor
  • 4.1.2 Marasmus
  • 4.2 Symptoms and control of Anaemia
  • 4.3 Symptoms and control of vitamin A deficiency
  • 4.4 Symptoms and control of vitamin C
  • 4.5 Symptoms and control of ricket and osteomalacia
  • 4.6 Symptoms and control of Goiter
  • 4.7 Symptoms and control of pellagra

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Nutritional disorder can be defined as the disease caused by nutritional imbalance, either over nutrition or under nutrition. Nutritional disorder may result from eating too much of little of foods of a particular nutrients such as vitamins or minerals. (www.studenttechnology.com.). When food lack one or more of the common nutrients in food, one disease condition or another may result. These diseases are called “deficiency disease”. (Akinjayeju, 1999).

Under nutrition as nutritional deficiency, refers to any change in the structure or function of body cells and tissues as a results of lack of one or more nutrients and or calories in the body. Nutritional deficiencies are of two main types namely:- Primary and Secondary deficiency. The nature and types of deficiency diseases that may occur depends on the type of nutrient the body lacks. (Akinjayeju, 1999).

The most common deficiency disease is that relating to inadequate protein in diet and general shortage or lack of food thereby resulting in the inability to meet body’s energy requirements. Such, diseases is referred to as protein calorie – malnutrition (PCM). This diseases is common in infant and children, especially those below age six where it manifests as either Kwashiorkor (as a result of low intake of protein or deficiency of certain essential amino acid) or marasmus caused by energy and protein shortage. (Akinjayeju, 1999).

Nutritional disorder can affect any system in the body and the sense of sight, taste and smell. Malnutrition begins with changes in nutrient level in blood and tissues (www.studenttechnology.com.).

In addition to the deficiency diseases, there are certain specific nutritional disorders, which are of great concern in developing countries including Nigeria. The World Health Organisation has identified three of such nutritional diseases, which she said deserves special attention and highest priority on a global referred to as “hidden hunger” include -: Iron deficiency anaemia, vitamin A deficiency, vitamin c deficiency, vitamin D deficiency and iodine deficiency disorder. (Akinjayeju, 1999).

Nutritional disorder are caused by various means or ways which may include the Lack of food and poverty. There are different symptoms of malnutrition depending on what nutrients are deficiency in the body and they include:- Fatigue, Dizziness, Anaemia, Diarrhea, Goiter etc. (www.studenttechnologycom.).

The importance of nutritional assessment cannot be overstressed since it serves some useful purposes. When nutritional assessment is properly made, it enables the identification of the nutrient(s) whose supply is adequate or inadequate and makes appropriate decision in relation to the scope of the nutritional supports that is necessary. In addition, when such nutritional supports is finally given further assessment allows for proper evaluation of its effectiveness and success. (Akinjayeju, 1999).

Thus, the aims of this project includes:-

  1. To identify some nutritional disorders prevalent in Nigeria in a bid to assess their effects.
  2. To recognize the causes of such disorders
  3. To outline the possible prevention of such nutritional disorders.

Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

5.0 Conclusion

Inadequate dietary intake and diseases particularly infection, are immediately causes of malnutrition. It is obvious that each person must eat an adequate amounts of good quality and safe food throughout the year to meet all nutritional needs for body maintenance, work and recreation and for growth and development in children.

Similarly one must be able to digest, absorb and utilize the food and nutrients effectively. Poor diets and diseases are often the result of insufficient household food. Security, inappropriate care and feeding practices and inadequate health care.


5.1 Recommendation

Malnutrition may manifest itself as a health problem and health professionals can provide some answers but they alone cannot solve the problems of malnutrition. Agriculture and often agricultural professionals are required to ensure that enough foods, and the right kinds of foods, are provided.

Educators, both formal and non-formal, are required to assist people, particularly women in achieving and ensuring good nutrition. Tackling malnutrition often require the contribution of professionals in economics, social development, politics, government, the labour movement and many other spheres.


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