Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum

Project and Seminar Material for Food Science and Technology (FST)

Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum


Abstract


This study examines the Quality of “Ogiri” produced from Soybean inoculated with fermented melon seed isolate. The result for the proximate analysis showed that the Fat Content is 5.50%, Moisture Content is 40.09%, Ash Content is 1.30%, Crude Fibre is 3.00%, Protein is 27.56% and Carbohydrate is 22.55%.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Aim and objective
  • 1.2 Objective of the study
  • 1.3 Scope of the study
  • 1.4 Justification

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Origin and history of soybean
  • 2.2 Chemical composition of soybean
  • 2.3 Nutritional importance of soybean
  • 2.4 Uses of soybean
  • 2.4.1 Soybean oil
  • 2.4.2 Soybean meal
  • 2.4.3 Soybean flour
  • 2.4.4 Soy based infact formula
  • 2.4.5 Meat and diary alternatives and extenders
  • 2.4.6 Soynut butter
  • 2.4.7 Other products
  • 2.4.8 Cattle feed
  • 2.5 Health benefits of soybean
  • 2.5.1 Lunasin
  • 2.5.2 Cancer
  • 2.5.3 Alpha-linolenic acid
  • 2.6 Origin and history of melon seed
  • 2.7 Uses of melon seed
  • 2.8 Properties of melon seen
  • 2.9 Harvesting and handling after harvest
  • 2.10 Ogiri
  • 2.11 Varieties of Ogiri
  • 2.12 Importance of Ogiri
  • 2.13 Production of Ogiri
  • 2.14 Nutritional value of Ogiri
  • 2.15 Handling and spoilage of Ogiri
  • 2.16 The role of microbes in Ogiri production

Chapter Three

3.0 Materials and Method

  • 3.1 Sources of materials
  • 3.1.1 Equipment/apparatus used
  • 3.1.2 Chemical/reagents
  • 3.1.3 Sorting/cleaning of melon seed and soybean seed
  • 3.2 Method
  • 3.2.1 Method for producing Ogiri
  • 3.2.2 Methodology of “Ogiri” production
  • 3.2.3 Method/methodology of “Ogiri” production using Soybean seeds
  • 3.3 Proximate analysis
  • 2.3.1 Moisture content determination
  • 3.3.2 Crude fat determination
  • 3.3.3 Ash content determination
  • 3.3.4 Crude fibre determination
  • 3.3.5 Crude protein determination
  • 3.3.6 Carbohydrate content determination

Chapter Four

4.0 Result and Discussion

  • 4.1 Results
  • 4.2 Discussion

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

“Ogirl” is an only paste produced mainly from melon seen and consumed within the West African countries. The production process is still a traditional family art and the fermentation is by chance inoculation. “Ogiri” serves as a cheap soup condiment particularly among the poor rural dwellers in the south-East Nigeria “Ogiri” can also be produced from castor oil seed Ricinus Cummunis and fluted pumpkin.

Apart from citrullus lanatus which is the regular substrate used for the production of “Ogiri” there are other leguminous seeds which are readily available in south-West Nigeria. These other leguminous plant seed which are underutilized by fermentation process can serve as alternative substrates for the production of “Ogiri”.(David and Aderibigie 2010)

“Egusi” seed are fat-and protein rich seed of certain cucurbitaceous (squash, melon gourd) plants (Wikipedia 2015a).

Melon belongs to the large family of cucurbitaceae member of which are found in the warmer parts of the entire continents. It is consumed locally on a wide range in Nigeria which is also the largest producer of the crop.
However, it is reported that despite the usefulness and nutritional qualities of the crop, there is paucity of information on the agronomic practices that will lead to increased production of the crop.(Wikipedia 2015).

Soybean is one of the most important oil and protein crops of the world. Soybeans contain 30 to 40% protein with a good source of all indispensable amino acid. The protein content of soybean is about 2 times of other pulses, 4 time of wheat, 6 times of rice grain, 4 times of egg and 12 times of milk.

Soybean has 3% lecithin, which is helpful for brain development. It is also rich in Calcium, Phosphorous and Vitamins A, B, C and D it has been referred to as the protein hope of the future.

Moreover, isoflavones contained in soybean are effective cancer-preventive agents for lowering risk of various cancers. Evidence also point to the beneficial effect of soy isoflavones in the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Their potential health benefits of soy-isoflavones includes prevention of osteoporosis via phyteostrogen effects of isoflavones, and prevention of neovascularization in ocular conditions. (African journal of food science)
Fermentation is one of the oldest methods of food preservation known to man.

Fermentation markedly improves digestibility, nutritive value and flavour of raw seed or the seed cannot be consumed in their raw state. In Africa, fermented foods play a major role in the diet whereby many staple foods undergo fermentation before they are consumed. Fermented food condiments enhance flavour and improve the protein content, essential amino acid and fatty acids of foods. Fermented foods contribute to food security in developing countries like Nigeria.

Many proteinaceous seed are fermented to make food condiment in West Africa. The seed of African locust bean (Parkea Biglobosa) are fermented to produce dawadawa or iru in Ghana and Nigeria, while the seed of Melon (cutrullus vulgaris) are fermented to produce “Ogiri” in Nigeria.


1.1 Aim And Objective

Aim

The aim is to produce and access the nutritional quality of soybean seed infused with melon “Ogiri” starter.


1.2 Objective Of The Study

The objective of this study include

  1. To purchase the raw materials from Ekeonuwa market.
  2. To produce “Ogiri” from soybean and melon seeds.
  3. To evaluate the proximate composition of the produced “Ogiri”
  4. The determination of the proximate composition of the “Ogiri” obtained from the soybean.

1.3 Scope Of The Study

This study covers production of “Ogiri” from soybean and melon seed as well as the assessment of the proximate composition of soy “Ogiri” inoculated with melon seed.

This study will not take into consideration the sensory qualities and by-products of the “Ogiri”.


1.4 Justification

Apart from the citrillcus lanatus which is the regular substrate used for the production of “Ogiri” there are other leguminous seeds which are readily available in South-Eastern Nigeria. These other leguminous plant seed which are underutilized, by fermentation process can serve as alternative substrates for the production of “Ogiri”.
Furthermore this study will serve as a reference material to the general public and student as well as a suitable guide to local processor on other ways of using their predominantly cultivated legumes in food production.


Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

The study showed that “Ogiri” produced from soybean inoculated with fermented melon seed isolate displayed acceptable proximate properties which tends to reflect on the stability and quality of the “Ogiri”.

From the study, the fermentation was faster as compared to fermentation of soybean and it reflects on the aroma which is as a result of its low fat content.


5.2 Recommendation

From the study carried out, it is evident that fermented food (Ogiri) is a good source of nutrients and could be used to produce complementary food supplements. Therefore, the “Ogiri” produced is recommended to the consumer majorly because of its high protein, carbohydrates and ash content as it will serve as a good source of protein for people lacking protein, and also will improve the mineral content of our daily meal.

It is also recommended that further research should be carried out on the production of “Ogiri” from soybean inoculated with fermented melon seeds isolate to improve on the production process thereby reducing risk of contamination.


Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum


Disclaimer

This research material “Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work


This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Quality Assessment Of Soybean “Ogiri” Produced With Melon Seed “Ogiri” Inoculum” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.