Design And Construction Of An Anti-Car Theft Device

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE


Abstract


The project, ANTI-CAR THEFT DEVICE is an electromechanical device which can be built into modern cars so as to increase its level of security.

There are various models and design but all centre to one aim, which is Security.

Some existing designs include:

  1. A device which can sense touch on the car and trigger an alarm alerting the car owner of an intruder,
  2. A device which can stop the car from moving a long distance when started by an unauthorized individual,
  3. A device which can also relay information to the car owner at all time informing him of the location of his car.

Among all these, the design of this project will be based on the second model. It is connected to the car so that it enables a monostable circuit at start-up which monitors the direction of which the car has been ON and turns it OFF automatically. Only the authorized owner of the car knows where to turn OFF this monostable by just pressing a button before starting the car.

For better understanding, this project report is carefully divided into five chapters, viz.

  • Chapter one gives an introduction to the topic;
  • Chapter two is a review of literature as regards the project topic;
  • Chapter three details on research and design methodology;
  • Chapter four explains the process of construction and principle of operation;
  • Chapter five is the conclusion and recommendation.

Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgment
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the project
  • 1.2 Vehicles most frequently stolen
  • 1.3 Prevention
  • 1.4 Objective of the project
  • 1.5 Importance of this project

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Historical Development on the project

Chapter Three

3.0 Research and Design Methodology

  • 3.1 Research method
  • 3.2 circuit description
  • 3.3 Components used
  • 3.3.1 Resistor
  • 3.3.2 Capacitor
  • 3.3.3 Diode
  • 3.3.4 Transistors
  • 3.3.5 Relay

Chapter Four

4.0 Construction and Principle of Operation

  • 4.1 Construction
  • 4.1.1 How to prepare the Vero board
  • 4.1.2 Inspect the tracks
  • 4.1.3 Soldering
  • 4.1.4 Testing the circuit
  • 4.2 Principle of operation
  • 4.3 Precautions taken while carrying out the project

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • Reference

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Project

For man to live without fear, he needs to be secured. Security has become one of the important concept of the world, every country is always security conscious of her domain. Even as man needs security, so are the different facilities used by him. Since these facilities are imperatively useful and most times expensive, there is therefore the need for them to be safe-guarded against an unauthorized user.

In recent times, automobile has provided a means of transportation for man to move within and even far outside his immediate environment.

Since these automobiles are expensive and important to the owner, they therefore require security device(s) to safe guard or protect them from intruders.
Having known that there are different kinds of automobiles, we will steer our attention specifically on car automobiles.

The Anti-car theft security device is an electronic device that can be mounted in a car such that when the car is tampered without official approval or permission, the security device will produce an alerting signal and at most disable the entire system of the car from functioning.

It can be a switch or alarms that will be known by authorize persons. For example, an Anti – Car Theft security devices can be mounted in a car such that whenever the car is tampered, it can allow the car to run for some time and stop or it can disable the car system and cause the car to malfunction.


1.2 Vehicles Most Frequently Stolen

The makes and models of vehicle most frequently stolen vary by several factors, including region and ease of theft.
Some models often on list of most frequently stolen vehicles in United state include Toyota Camry, Honda Accord, Cheroke Jeep and Cadillac.

In Thailand: Toyota Cars, Isuzu pick-up trucks, Honda cars and Honda motorcycles (2007 data).


1.3 Prevention

There are various methods of prevention to reduce the likelihood of vehicle getting stolen. These include physical barriers, which make the effort of stealing the vehicle more difficult. Some of these include:

  1. Device used to lock a part of the vehicle necessary in its operation such as the steering wheel or brake pedal.
  2. Immobilizers, allowing the vehicle to start only if a key containing the correct chip is present in the ignition.
  3. Car alarm systems that are triggered if a breaking and entry into the vehicle occurs.
  4. Microdot identification tags which allow individual parts of a vehicle to be identified.
  5. Kill switch circuits are designed to frustrate or slow down the efforts of a determined Car thief. Kill switches are often located between crucial parts of the coil, or the fuel pump.

A car cannot start without first flopping these kill switches in to closed positions. Smart car owners hide kill switches in obscured areas, under the dash board, beneath the seat, behind a chair, etc.


1.4 Objective Of The Project

The issue of car theft or hijacking has become a problem that can not be over looked. Everyday on television, radio or Newspapers we hear/read about different cars snatched from the hands of their owners at gun points and often times cars are stolen from where they are parked by unknown persons. Sometimes, the owners of these cars might not be around or near enough to see when their cars are being tampered.

The main objective of this project is to build an anti – car theft device that can be mounted in a car and when the car is tampered it will disable the car system from functioning properly until the security device is turned off.

The purpose of this project is not to build a device that will alert the owner of the car, but a device that will be able to safeguard the car from theft or hijacking whether it is in motion or packed in the garaged.


1.5 Importance Of This Project

The importance of this project will be divided into two and we consider them briefly. Thus:

  1. The importance of this project to the students; and
  2. The importance of this project to the society.
The Importance Of The Project To The Students:

The building of this project will enhance the students knowledge on technology, and further make them to know and identify the different electronics components used in the process of building the project. It will also give the students the ability to understand the processes and mode of operation of device.

The Importance Of The Project To The Society

As stated earlier in the beginning of this work, security is one of the important concepts of the world. The building of this project bring about the remedy or the solution to car theft, it will also reduce the danger(s) encountered by the people in the hands of car snatchers.


Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

There are various method of prevention to reduce the likelihood of a vehicle getting stolen. These includes physical barriers, which make the effort of stealing the vehicle more difficult.

This project is one of the many types of anti-car theft devices available. Some might incorporate an alarm system which is capable of detecting a touch on any part of the car then makes an audible alarming sound. Others are installed with GPS (Global Positioning System) device with which the car owner can know the exact position of his stolen car.


5.2 Recommendation

  1. We recommend that the school should equip the laboratory were students can stay and carry-out their projects effectively.
  2. We also recommend that the school first of all approve circuit diagram for a particular project before issuing out topic to students.
  3. We also recommend that the school should build an engineering library were students can source for materials needed for their projects.
  4. Finally, the school should provide some materials for projects in order to reduce the cost of doing projects.

Design And Construction Of An Anti-Car Theft Device


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