Prospects Of Wind Energy Generation In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE


Abstract


About 90% of the Nigeria economy is dependent on crude oil. Expectedly, most of her generating plant are thermal power station which are presently operating below installed capacity. Notwithstanding, the wind speed data collected from some towns in Nigeria indicate that the country has good site for the installation of wind energy conversion system (WECS).

This research seminar therefore looks at the prospects of wind energy generation in Nigeria. It also goes as far as recommending the incorporation of wind energy in the renewable energy resources development programme of a developing economy like Nigeria.

Finally, this research seminar suggests ways of boosting Nigeria energy needs, as well as accelerating the sluggish nature of the nation’s rural electrification programme. This new power revolution can be actualized by embracing the possibility of wind power generation in Nigeria.


Chapter One


Introduction

Wind power generally refers to the electricity that is generated by wind turbine through the natural movement of air (i.e. wind). Wind energy is a converted form of solar energy. The sun heats different rates causing the atmosphere to warm differently. As the hot air river, cooker air is drawn down to replace it. This process creates wind. The wind turns the blades and the blades rotate a generator which produces electricity.

The first automatically operated wind turbine for electricity generation is said to have been developed by an American named Charles f. bush in 1887. Later the development of wind power received impetus in demark where some 120 local utilities in demark had a wind turbine by 1918.

For the past years, the federal government of Nigeria has embarked on aggressive rural electrification projects. As is normally the case with large central power plants and grid-extension programmes, rural electrification programmes can easily fall victim to construction difficulties, routing impediments, competition from urban and industrial power demands and a lack of implementation flexibility. This conventional system of using large centrally located power plants and grid extension for rural electrification is currently being challenged by the advent of smaller, modular technologies such as wind power.

This paper looks at the future and viability of wind energy power generation potential in Nigeria. It highlights the importance of wind energy as a way of accelerating the sluggish nature of the federal government of Nigeria rural electrification programmes.


Chapter Four


Conclusion And Recommendation

By using meteorological data collected from some selected weather stations in Nigeria, analysis of such data shows that wind power prospects in Nigeria is high. From the analysis also, it was clearly seen that coastal and hilly areas are excellent sites for wind power development.

It is advisable for Nigeria to harness the prospect of wind power owing to its importance.

  1. The use of wind turbines does not generate pollution or radioactive wastes like most generation.
  2. Wind power generation does not consume any non-renewable resource like coal, natural gas or oil.
  3. Wind power may be used to provide electricity to individual homes or other facilities on a self-reliant basis. If a natural disaster disturbs power lines, residents with windmill will not lose their supply of electricity.
  4. Wind can also generate power for large number of people using larger turbines connected to an electricity grid.

This allows individual to take some benefits without personally owning or maintaining the equipment.

Therefore, using wind energy conversion system (WECS) for electricity generation and supply in Nigeria –especially around Sokoto axis with mean wind Speed of about 3.78m/s will be recommended. Considering the prospect of wind energy in a developing economy like Nigeria the following recommendations are made:

  1. Excellent site such as jos and sokoto should have a wind power plants for the generation of electricity which should be integrated with the existing national grid.
  2. Wind energy resource should be included in the renewable energy resources development programme in Nigeria.
  3. The Nations energy centre should be encouraged through funding in order to stimulate research effort on WECS and manufacture.
  4. Issues relating to energy should be handled by experts.
  5. The government should set up independent policy makers on renewable energy, whose tasks will be to monitor the nations energy center as well as to encourage the Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN) to embark on intensive human resource training on area of needs.

Prospects Of Wind Energy Generation In Nigeria


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