Biogenetic Factor As A Determinant Of Students Learning Ability (A Case Study Of Ife, Osun State)

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Biogenetic Factor As A Determinant Of Students Learning Ability (A Case Study Of Ife, Osun State)


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Biogenetic and biogenetic factor as a determinant of students learning ability has received a high level of interest. Academic backup for positive results of declaring causes of biogenetic has been made available by attribution theory. If the elements that produce the effect are linked to factors outside the power of individuals, people’s reactions will be less negative. Accordingly, attributing the poor performance, inability to learn fast, and things like mental illness to biogenetic effect will lead to dejection, rejection, and neglect of people affected by such. In addition, other beliefs say that biogenetic explanations will not only assist to minimize stigmatization by the public, but will also assist in minimizing self-stigmatization and stigma seen and experienced by those caring for people with these deficiencies. This blame for the disorder is not only taken away from the patients but also from the parents and families. By this, some of the stigma linked with the disorder is reduced. Also, it is debated that blame and anger are minimized; hence pity, compassion and desire to help will be maximized. Quite a number of studies have given empirical report for negative influence of biogenetic causal explanations. Some researchers said that such definitions reduced the level of hopefulness that the problem can be rectified with the right help, and maximize the belief that other family members will be affected by the same problem. A number of studies have shown that biogenetic causal beliefs are linked to negative attitudes, involving perceptions that ‘mental patients’ are dangerous and not wise to be closer to, that they are antisocial and difficult to be predict. They stand on the fact that if people think that the disorder is caused by faulty brain functioning, the person in question or the person with mental health problems will be seen as not being accountable for his/her actions and as someone who cannot control his/her actions, making this person unpredictable. Consequently, fear and the need to completely and roughly control this unpredictability are maximized. Walker and Read (2002), who examined the diverse impacts of biogenetic, found that the former significantly maximized perceptions of dangerousness and unpredictability. Most debates against promulgating biogenetic causal explanations are focused around controllability and unpredictability and are based on findings taken from surveys among students. On this premise, we can say that biometric factors affect students learning ability. The objective of this study is to know if biogenetic factors determine students learning ability.


1.2 Statement Of The General Problem

The poor performance of s4condary school students in both internal and external examinations in core subjects has been a subject of debate as different factors have been attributed to such. poor learning ability of students has ended up producing secondary school graduates who are not mentally and academically prepared for tertiary education.


1.3 Aims And Objectives Of The Study

The major aim of the study is to examine the bio genetic factors as a determinant of students learning ability. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the level of students learning in Nigeria.
  2. To determine the influence of bio genetic factors on students academic achievement in Nigeria.
  3. To examine the importance of bio genetic factors in improving learning among secondary schools students.
  4. To recommend ways of improving students learning ability in Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the level of students learning ability in Nigeria?
  2. What is the influence of bio genetic factors on students’ academic achievement in Nigeria?
  3. What is the importance of bio genetic factors in improving learning among secondary schools students?
  4. What are the ways of improving students learning ability in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • H0: Bio genetic factors do not influence students’ learning ability.
  • H1: Bio genetic factors influence students’ learning ability.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

The study would be of immense importance to secondary school administrations in Nigeria as it would reveal the influence of bio genetic factors on students learning ability with the sole aim of improving students learning ability across secondary schools in Nigeria. The study would also be of importance to students, researchers and teachers who are interested in developing further study on the subject matter.


1.7 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The study is restricted to bio genetic factor as a determinant of students learning ability using selected secondary schools in ife east LGA of Osun state.

Limitation Of The Study
Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


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