Problems Of Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State

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Problems Of Indiscipline Among Secondary School Students In Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State


The aim of the study is to find out some of the courses of indiscipline among secondary school students in some selected schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State.

Eight schools were selected and 100 respondents both male and female were randomly chosen as sample for the work. The research design was descriptive survey. The instrument of the study was Questionnaire.

It was discovered among others, that home background, school environment and leadership style, teacher’s attitude to work and other societal variable were considered by the respondents to be responsible for indiscipline in our secondary schools.

In view of the findings, there is need to enforce rules and regulations create link between the school and the home, and establish functional guidance and counselling that can help students in schools.

Table of Contents

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One:


  • Background to the Study
  • Statement of the Problem
  • Purpose of the Study
  • Research Questions
  • Significance of the Study
  • Scope and Delimitation of the Study
  • Operational Definition of the Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Related Literature

  • Introduction
  • The Concept of Indiscipline
  • Causes of Indiscipline
  • Techniques of handling Indiscipline
  • Appraisal of the Literature Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • Research Design
  • Population
  • Sample and Sampling Technique
  • Instrumentation
  • Validity of the Instrument
  • Reliability of the Instrument
  • Administration of the Instrument
  • Data Analysis

Chapter Four:

Results and Discussion

  • Introduction
  • Hypothesis Testing
  • Discussion of Results

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • Summary
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Background to the Study

The parents’ problem of indiscipline has a very long history. It dates back to the time immemorial. In the fifteenth century, Socrates talked about how children contradicted their parents order and tyrannized over their teacher. The issue of indiscipline within Nigeria taxed the mind of well-meaning Nigerians. There is a great concern by parents, teachers, voluntary agencies, government, and religious organizations e.t.c. Over the issue of “indiscipline” which has eaten deep into the minds of Nigerians.

The problem of indiscipline in Nigeria has its origin at the periods of colonialism. Several acts of indiscipline exhibited by the colonial agents such as exploitation, humiliation and various political, social, cultural and economic atrocities were later inherited to form an integral part of Nigerian behavioural pattern.

After independence, therefore, Nigeria in their daily life started to imitate these colonial agents. Fellow Nigerians that took over power from the colonial masters started to exhibit these unfortunate colonial heritages on their fellow Nigerians and are even more atrocious than their colonial masters. Gross and down right acts of indiscipline displayed by the politicians was given as one of the reasons for the military intervention in Nigeria politics in 1966.

The present and old Nigeria National Anthems specifically centered on individual liberties. It clearly identified a way of life in which the central value is the individual himself, his concerns and actions, his consent, his happiness, his life. The anthem sees the government as the servant of individual purposes. But the spirit of our National Anthem is more than a declaration of individual supremacy. It is also an expression of faith in the concern of free man for the public welfare. For a free society must rely heavily, if its value are to be defended and realized, on the voluntary actions of its citizens.

However, the aims and objectives of the national anthems have now been shunned by the Nigeria society. Right from the year of independence, Nigerian society is full of different vices. There are mismanagement, abuse of office, corruption, inflation, chaotic economic planning, political crises, selfishness and social vices. The ruling class and civil servants demonstrated unbridled lust for material acquisition. In the process most of them resorted to what could be described as white collar crimes. They colluded with business men and contractors to deplete the nation’s coffers.

The parent problems of indiscipline in educational institutions in Nigeria have been with us for some times now. Indiscipline is present from primary through university levels. The average educational institutions in Nigeria society is by and large not in anyway discipline.

The school is a social organization and as such it has got its established patterns of behaviour expected from its members. These are expressed in the form of rules and regulations which govern the official actions of the principal, teachers, students and other group of personnel that work in it. Some of these rules and regulations especially those affecting the conduct of the teachers are prescribed, imposed and enforced by the educational providers. But these affecting the students’ body, are generally prescribed, imposed and enforced by the teachers and students themselves but taking cognitive of those rules and regulations externally determined for the smooth-running of the institution. The externally prescribed rules and regulations are normally given by the state ministry of education or any of its recognized agencies like the Teaching Service Commission.

The school, today, like many social organization faces serious problem of its members not conforming to the standard of behaviour expected of them. The problem of indiscipline as rampant as it is has spilled into Nigeria schools and this has been given parents, teachers, school administrators and educational providers a serious concern. It is in the light of this that the present study is carried out.

Statement of the Problem

This research is essentially designed to deal with concept of indiscipline. Its causes and how it can be curbed among secondary schools students in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State. It is obvious that one of the bibulous problems of contemporary Nigerian educational system is indiscipline. The deplorable condition in which we are presently wallowing is glaring to all. Infact, no regime is devoid of indiscipline but with all seriousness indiscipline can be curbed among out students.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to identify the various causes of indiscipline and how it can be curbed in secondary schools. The school system as a replica of the society is characterized by all acts of indiscipline in the Nigerian society.

In the light of this perception, this study will at the concluding chapter attempt to recommend some measures that if properly executed can curb indiscipline among secondary school students in Kwara State and Nigeria in general.

I have no doubt that the recommendation will be a treasure to value by school administrators in handling disciplinary problem in schools.

Research Questions

In this study, efforts are made to answer the following questions.

  1. Does a student’s personal characteristic cause indiscipline in secondary school?
  2. What influence does the home have on the student’s behaviour in secondary school?
  3. Does school environment have any impact on student’s behaviour in secondary school?
  4. Does the teachers’ behaviour cause indiscipline among students in secondary school?
  5. Does societal variable cause indiscipline among secondary school students?

Significance of the Study

Many studies have been carried out on the trends of various forms of indiscipline in secondary schools in Nigeria and the society at large, the perception has continued to increase and has even become a serious national issue. This shows that an effective solution to the problem of indiscipline has not been attained.

This study is in the light of the above, expected to highlight various forms of indiscipline in secondary schools to day. It is believed that if the trend of these disciplinary problem are fully understood, the research will be able to recommend some suggestions and possible solutions to how the problem of indiscipline can be tacked with greatest efficiency most especially secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State.

The focus of the research is the urgent need to re-adjust and modernize the traditional concept, the need for more flexible and diversified secondary school curriculum to inculcate in the future leaders of Nigeria, a sense of self-discipline, so that they may be able to contribute their own quota to the development of the country.

Though, Ilorin West Local Government is the base of the study there is no doubt that most of the recommendations in the study are equally applicable to any other part of the state.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

The scope of the study is the secondary school system of education in Nigeria. It would not be possible to cover all the schools even in a local government due to time and financial limitations. The study will be limited to eight secondary schools in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State. Four secondary schools will be selected from outskirt schools and four from the schools within the township.

Operational Definition of the Terms


This is a place where the children between 10 – 18 years acquire knowledge and prepare themselves towards tertiary institution.


Someone who studies at school.


Person that teachers in the classroom one who transmit knowledge to others.


The situation that results from the practice of making people obey rules and orders.


This is the inability to have self control.

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation


This study looks at the problems of indiscipline among secondary schools student in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State, the essence of which was to find out some of the waste in which home background, school environment and leadership, style, teachers’ behaviour and other societal variables contribute to indiscipline problems in secondary schools.

An instrument in form of questionnaire, based on forms of indiscipline, causes of these act and techniques of handling indiscipline was designed to collect data for the study. Data were collected from eight secondary schools sampled for the study.

Based on the responses of the teachers and principals, analyses of the data collected were made.


From the result of the study one can reasonably conclude that parents, teachers, society and other environmental variables have been found to contribute in no small measure to discipline problems in secondary schools.

The importance of parents as a contributory factor to discipline problems in secondary schools cannot be over stressed. Parents’ contribution to discipline problems could be as a result of relaxed parental control, lack of respect for parents at home, inability of parents to monitor the activities of their children or as a result of loosened kinship ties in modern time and mobility to provide adequately for the children needs.

Teachers themselves share part of the blame. Some teachers are not hardworking, others show bad example of behavior, and some are harsh while others exhibit partiality of the highest order. Thus it can be concluded that students are being encouraged by the attitude of some teachers to misbehave in schools.

Teachers and students relationship have been found to be a contributory factor to discipline problems. If has become a common thing in our schools nowadays for student not to fear their teachers because of the unhealthy intimacy between teachers and students.

The school heads environment and the ministries of education cannot be enumerated from the rising ware of indiscipline in our schools.

It was also found from the study that some socio-economic and other environment variables have serious influence on the behaviours of students in schools. Some students misbehave because their parents are rich, other misbehave because their parents are poor, while some misbehave because they are from areas with poor living conditions.

The study further found out that some techniques for handling discipline problems were effective to some extent. These techniques are: reasonably enforced rules an regulations, establishment of good link between the school and home, a more flexible and diversified secondary school curriculum and those students be allowed to express their feelings.


Based on the result and findings of this research, the following recommendations are made with the hope that they will help in combining the problems of indiscipline among secondary school students.

  1. Parents should show understandings and live to their children. They should make their children to be happy and feel secure by providing them their requirements.
  2. Parents should prevent their children from attending night clubs night parties or moving with bad gangs. Since children are easily influenced by friends, into indulging in immoral and other antisocial acts.
  3. The ministries of education and other government education agencies should set out adequate guild lines on in disciplinary procedure to be followed by the principals and their staff.
  4. Government should give incentives to teachers in order to encourage them to be committed to their jobs. Also regular and prompt payment of teachers’ salaries and fringe benefits should be ensured by both Federal and State Governments to encourage job satisfaction.
  5. The school heads and teachers should show good examples of behaviour by conducting themselves in a discipline manner. This will create fear in the mind of the students and they will always behave well in school.
  6. Schools should be situated for away hotels, bars, movies and similar houses.
  7. More emphasis should be placed on continuous assessment for the evaluation of student progress. This method of evaluation will make students to be more committed to their studies and thus reduce indiscipline in schools.
  8. Moral and religious instructions should be made compulsory at secondary school level because of the significant impact it has on the behaviour pattern of students.
  9. The spiritual development of students could be encouraged through the study of biography of great people, Nigerians and Non-Nigerians. They should be encouraged to participate in activities that will foster National Unity, national consciousness and character training.

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List of Related Works

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the forms of indiscipline in secondary schools?

Zubaida (2009) identifies various forms of indiscipline among the secondary schools students such as truancy, lateness to school, cultism, drug abuse, insulting/assaulting, stealing, rioting and many other anti-social vices.

What is the indiscipline problem in schools in Malaysia?

The indiscipline problem in schools is ranked as a major problem among students of primary and secondary schools in Malaysia. Disruptive behavior is a concern to schools and parents and to fellow pupils, whose education may be adversely affected. So it can’t be ignored, and schools must tailor a well understood sound behavior and discipline policy.

What is the effect of indiscipline on student’s life?

Student’s indiscipline has led to the lost of 30 many lives either through drug addictions, riots and many violence demonstration, abortion or robbers. Many of our students today engage in one or more of these activities. Indiscipline among secondary school students has a lot of negative effects on our educational system and learning.

How can we solve the problem of students indiscipline?

School administrators, teachers, government and policy makers in their effort to put an end to the problem of students indiscipline specifically the outcome of this work would assist parents and society in monitoring the activities of their children through the results of this study.

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