Web Driven Information System Of Nigerian Museums

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science and Computer Engineering


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Digital museums appeared in the Internet many years ago. First digital museums have emerged since 1991. However, despite the identity and quality of exhibitions their exhibits are comparable with traditional art museum publications albums, catalogues and books, while the Internet can create a qualitatively new displays, where previously impossible or inconsistent methods of display historical and artistic heritage have been set up. What is the identity of the museum, in which you enter? The main feature is that here are collections, which actually stored in different museums in different countries or even on different continents or does not exist at all.


1.2 What is a digital museum?

The first definition of what a digital museum is, was simply the website of a physical museum. A concept of a museum “without walls” had, however, been introduced as early as 1953 by Malraux, who imagined it being an environment for the presentation of mainly photography and art. The term Digital museum was first coined by Tsichritzis and Gibbs in their article Digital museums and digital realities referring to a museum constructed for a digital landscape and functioning as a service rather then a location.

Another early idea of the digital museum was the VR digital museum that was a copy of the physical museum in its architecture, and it generally contained 2D and 3D images of items from the museum’s collections. The digital museum later evolved to refer to web sites of museums that contained different types of media (multimedia) to present information, such as images, text, sound etc.22 This is still partly the case, but a digital museum is today considered to hold a larger complexity then just different types of media-presented information on a site. The digital museums have become a matter of not just basic information, but also of how the information is being presented to the users.


1.3 Definitions of a digital museum

The definition and idea of the digital museum is still under construction. Just as with the technology, the idea and definition is under constant change, and what once might have qualified as a digital museum in its encyclopedic definition, may not do so today.

Today the definition of the digital museum is coming closer to that of what a physical museum is. It is no longer only a website with information presented.


1.4 Statements of the Problem

Museums are physical locations which cannot be accessed without a visit to these physical locations. Museums contain artefacts of cultural heritage and history which people need to have access to reinforce a sense of history and cultural identity. People cannot have access to museum that is hundred  of kilometres from them. Existing physical museum even when they are close, are normally so fully booked that people cannot have access to them unless they book months in advance. This study is focused on finding a solution to these problems where people can have access to the museum even when the physical artefacts are far away.


1.5 Purpose of Study

The purpose of this study is to thoroughly check the viability of the idea of the digital museum. And to see to what extent that a physical museum can be represented by a digital museum which is accessible online


1.6 Significance of the Study

The internet and the World Wide Web have brought huge advances in how the world interconnects with one another. This digital museum is going to help us in our interactions with each other and one another. People from distant countries will be able to visit the digital museum to learn more about Nigeria.


1.7 Objective of the Study

This project has the following objectives

  1. To make artefacts of cultural and colonial history available to all thorough the internet and world wide web as a medium
  2. To increase historical and cultural awareness in the general populace.
  3. To make remote and distant museum contents accessible to all.
  4. To reduce the cost of preservation of historical heritage by adopting online archiving and story of historical detail

1.8 Scope of the Study

This work is limited to the concept of the digital museums of Nigeria as it related to the general colonial history of Nigeria. The digital museum is not of the specialist kind like the war museum. Its scope is Nigerian history particularly its colonial history. It does not cover every city in Nigeria it is limited to the a few major cities like Lagos and Enugu.


1.9 Limitations of the Study

This research work was faced with a lot of difficulties. Time constraint was one of the limiting factors in carrying out this study.

Financial constraint also constituted in carrying out an in depth study of this project. Limitations to the extent in which data could be collected also constituted a problem. Irregularities in power supply also dealt harshly with the researcher. Collection of photographs from the archives was particularly difficult as seeing the chief archivist in the museums visited was almost close to impossible. This resulted to huge dependence on internet images which is notoriously known to be doctored and unreliable.

In spite of the above mentioned difficulties, some data was collected which will be analysed later.


1.10 Assumption of the Study

While researching on this work, i came up with a couple of assumptions which include:

  1. I would be able to finish this work before deadline
  2. In the long run, this research work would be accessed globally.

1.11 Definition of Terms / Variable

DHTML

Dynamic Hypertext Mark-up Language.it is a combination of HTML, Cascading Style Sheets, JavaScript and Macromedia Flash Mx used to create animated and interactive websites.

HTML

Hypertext Mark-up Language is a client-side scripting language for Website design.

PHP (Archaic: Personal Home page) Hypertext Preprocessor

These languages work closely with the Web server to interpret the requests made from the World Wide Web, process these requests, interact with other programs on the server to fulfil the requests, and then indicate to the Web server exactly what to serve to the client’s browser.

SQL

Structured Query Language, basically used in querying the databases to retrieve, updates, and review database

CSS

Cascading Style Sheet. A client-side scripting language, used in styling the webpages for a greater user-experience.

ASP

Active Server Pages. A server-side scripting language like the PHP. These languages work closely with the Web server to interpret the requests made from the World Wide Web, process these requests, interact with other programs on the server to fulfil the requests, and then indicate to the Web server exactly what to serve to the client’s browser.

Server

A specific application, called a Web server, will be responsible for communicating with the browser.

Photoshop

Graphics applications

Website

A website is a collection of information about a particular topic or subject

Apache

A server technology, designed to assist the webmaster in utilizing database and Server technology.

UNIX

An operating system


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

Every organization has one thing in mind; have we fared well without a website so far, why would we need one now?

The answer is simple, for advertising and wider broadcasting of information. Advertising is the chief success tool of every organization; your target audience needs to know that you are out there.

A website has become an effective tool of running obtaining information. Internet today is used 24/7 and is accessible from anybody anywhere. People these days depend on the internet for everything, including pin or paper. Today you can obtain anything just by the click of a mouse button.

The question is, are you willing to foot the bills of obtaining one for your organization? The answer will take you a long way, if yes then you are ready to operate globally.

With a website for your organization, members all over the world can effectively communicate together at a low cost. Newsletter can also be periodically posted on their e-mail box to remind them of an important date or event.

Also a news section will go a long way in keeping members abreast of recent happenings within and outside the organization.

Finally web development is expanding and changing in style, requiring the webmaster to periodically update.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the result of the survey, it is pertinent to make the following conclusions.

1. Far more cheaper than print Advertising

The internet is extremely different from print advertising in that space is cheap, your advertisement is accessible for a longer period of time, the content can be changed without having to ask someone to do it for you ( if you use a content management system), you can reach a wider audience.

2. 24 Hours a Day, 7 Days a Week, 365 days a Year

The information included in the site will be available anytime, anyplace. No power failure, no hook. The internet is there to serve you every time. Even on public holidays or any other day of obligation, the internet is there to serve. No transmission failure.

Growth / Opportunity

Internet can help the organization to grow stronger and increase its members faster; also opportunities provided by organizations can be savoured by the intended audience.


5.3 Recommendations

In order to remedy problems encountered in server-side scripting, web masters should incorporate server-side scripting technologies such as PHP Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP), Active Server Pages (ASP.NET). This new innovation would help create login controls, member’s portal where members and officials can create and modify their account.

However, this log in controls and student portals would enable online registration for both students and staff; thereby eliminating the rigors of manual or paper registration.

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) should be employed in Webpages. With Search Engine Optimization (SEO), keywords or digitally every word could be searched or accessed or sought after in the Webpages. For instance webmasters should incorporate access to search engines such as Google, Yahoo, Mama, and MSN etc.

Webmasters should learn to control a page with CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) as it is the ultimate styling sheet and occupies less space.


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