Student Hostel Allocation System
This Project work intends to address some of the problems encountered in the allocation of hostels to students manually in Caritas University Amorji Nike Enugu. The growing number of students in higher institutions posed a lot of accommodation problems on the part of students and School Management. Some of the problem caused includes, Few hostels that exist in the University are not Properly managed, Statistic of rooms required to match the growing number of students are farfetched, Student pays fee for hostel and may end up not getting rooms because of lack of bed, Hostel administrators cannot give accurate information of the occupancy of a particular room. In respect to all these existing problems a system will be designed to manage a database for allocating hostel to student. The system designed will keep track of all the available rooms, their occupants and funds generated from hostel fees. The New system will be implemented using Visual Basic 6.0 and access Data.
1.1 Background of the Study
In 1912, in Altena Castle in Germany, Richard Schirrmann created the first permanent Jugendherberge or “Youth Hostel”. These first Youth Hostels were an exponent of the ideology of the German Youth Movement to let poor city youngsters breathe fresh air outdoors. The youths were supposed to manage the hostel themselves as much as possible, doing chores to keep the costs down and build character as well as being physically active outdoors. Because of this, many Youth Hostels closed during the middle part of the day.
There are several differences between hostels and hotels, including:
- Hostels tend to be budget-oriented; rates are considerably lower, and many hostels have programs to share books, DVDs and other items.
- For those who prefer an informal environment, hostels do not usually have the same level of formality as hotels.
- For those who prefer to socialize with their fellow guests, hostels usually have more common areas and opportunities to socialize. The dormitory aspect of hostels also increases the social factor.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The growing number of students in higher institutions all over the world has posed a lot of accommodation problem on the part of students and school management. Students at the beginning of each session waste half of the semester looking for accommodation. The few hostels that exist in the universities are not properly managed. Statistics of the number of rooms required to match the growing number of students are far fetched. Most often, students pay for hostel fee and end up not getting one due to lack of bed space. Hostel administrators can not give accurate information of the occupancy of a particular room. These and many more forms the statement of the problem that necessitated this research work.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
The project is designed to help in the management of hostel allocation in the university. The main objective of the new system includes:
- Design and develop a central database system that would serve as hostel database, which will contain information on all the available rooms in the hostels.
- Design a computer – driven hostel allocation system for allocating hostel rooms to students.
- To generate reports on hostel occupancy and financial reports.
1.4 Scope of the Study
The research work is will cover among other things:
- Hostel allocation
- Hostel fee payment
- Hostel rooms registration
- Financial reports.
The research will be carried out using caritas university, Amorji Enugu.
Some of the constraints encountered during this project design include the following:
The design was achieved but not without some financial involvements. One had to pay for the computer time. Also the typing and planning of the work has its own financial involvements.
High programming Technique:
The programming aspect of this project posed a lot of problematic bugs that took me some days to solve. Problems such database connections using visual basic and access database posed a lot of challenges.
Few Literature Sources:
The topic though seems to be a common term; it is not a popular topic to surf from the Internet. It had fewer literature sources.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The new system designed for computer driven student’s hostel allocation will among other things:
- Facilitate timely allocation of hostel rooms to students
- Check the hostels occupancy at any time for information management
- Sum up the total amount realized from hostels fee each session
- Enable management to plan on improving hostel living condition.
- Have first hand information on the statistics of students in the hostel.
1.7 Project Report Organisation
This project was covered under six stages:
- Chapter 1. deals with the introduction. The background of the project is discussed. The objectives of the project, its significance, scope, and constraints are pointed out.
- A brief history of the Nigerian police and review of literature on computer forensic expert System are subject matter of Chapter 2.
- Chapter 3. Discusses system Investigation and Analysis. It deals with detailed investigation and analysis of the existing system and problem identification.
- Chapter 4. Treats the system design and implementation
- Chapter 5. summary and conclusion
1.8 Definition of Terms
A hostel or youth hostels is essentially a form of accommodation that offers reasonably priced, shared accommodation to travellers in either private or dormitory rooms.
A management information system (MIS):
Is a system that provides information needed to manage organizations effectively.
Are not necessarily affiliated with one of the national bodies of Hostelling International, Youth Hostels Association or any other licensing body.
A systematically arranged collection of computer data, structured so that it can be automatically retrieved or manipulated. It is also called databank.
This is a set of instruction that guides the computer on the action to perform.
This is graphical representation of step by step by which computer can follow to execute a task.
5.0 Summary, Recommendation and Conclusions
Prior to information management system, businesses and governments had to write their own transaction processing environments. Computer driven information system provides a straightforward, easy-to-use, reliable, standard environment for high performance transaction execution. In fact, much of the world’s industry relies on information management system including schools, banking, manufacturing, etc. For example, chances are that using computer driven hostel allocation system will trigger an information management system transaction. Several institutions are automating their hostel allocation system for accountability and managerial purposes.
Today relational database system, introduced in 1982 has helped to improve the management of data. In general, computer driven hostel allocation system performs faster than manual system for the common tasks but may require more programming effort to design and maintain for non-primary duties. Relational databases have generally proven superior in cases where the requirements, especially reporting requirements, change frequently or require a variety of viewpoint “angles” outside of the primary or original function.
A relational “data warehouse” may be used to supplement an information management system database. For example, information management system may provide primary holstel allocation transactions because it performs well for such a specific task. However, nightly copies of the IMS data may be copied to relational systems such that a variety of reports and processing tasks may be performed on the data. This allows each kind of database to focus best on its relative strength.
As the population growth is increasing rapidly in our high institutions, it is recommended that government should build more hostels in the school campus. This will help solve accommodation problem on campuses.
Secondly, as these hostels are erected, there is need for proper management. The implementation of the computer driven hostel allocation system will help in the management of hostel allocation. When this is done, accommodation and accommodation related problems would have been solved. Hence researchers can now look into the areas of making hostel allocation accessible online for global information sharing.
The project work has explored the hostel allocation system and noticed the way transactions are carried out and also proffering a computer-driven hostel allocation system to solve the problems discovered. The research work took an in-depth look at the benefits of this computerized approach.
Furthermore, in carrying out an analysis of the present system of operation, the structured system analysis and design methodology was employed in developing the need and specification of the computerized remote area system after studying the existing system.
In the mist of all odds, system for the Project has been designed, implemented, tested and documented for further research and improvement. The research work has fully analyzed the old system and made comparison with the new system, therefore, disclosed that the achievement and effectiveness of the computerized approach to management information is much better than the manual approach. It makes the organization a paperless environment and also put workers to proper use to help economize the funds.
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