Importance Of Teaching Sex Education In Junior Secondary Schools: A Case Study Of Some Selected Schools In Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area Of Edo State

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

Importance Of Teaching Sex Education In Junior Secondary Schools: A Case Study Of Some Selected Schools In Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area Of Edo State


Abstract


This project is aimed at findings out the importance of teaching sex education in junior secondary school in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area Of Edo State.

The concept of sex education, the importance who to handle the course and the enviable qualities that are expected to be possessed by the teachers who are to teach the course in schools and the effect it has on students, if the curses is not introduced into the curriculum, where highlighted in chapter one and two.

The main research instrument used for data collection was questionnaire, which has administered to teachers students or the selected secondary schools and parents.

Five research questions were formulated to focus the researcher attention on certain issues, based on the analysis of the data collected, the survey revealed that the awareness of sex education would not cause juvenile delinquency and dropout from school. That, it should be taught to boys and girls separately and it should be taught that, sex education will help to reduce the rate of fatherless babies and which the society will greatly benefit from. It was also discovered that sex education will not cause poor academic performance among students instead, it make students become responsible.

The researcher finally discovered that sex education is highly needed in junior secondary schools.

After a thorough research, finding on this topic, the researcher concluded that parents, teachers and the government should work hand in hand to help the school students out of this situation.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

An important but most undermined phenomenon that has ploughed the society for many years is sex and sex education. This phenomenon is so complicated that people have different view about it. These differences bring tolerance in sexuality among some while it creates problems in some other ethnic groups where discussion of sex is a taboo.

In society where boys and girls into the same school, create problem of physical contact and emotional involvement, which eventually result in arousing sexuality. This anxiety created in them; make them jump into this game of uncontrollable emotion.

In this chapter, the researcher intends to have an overview of terminologies associated with sex before dealing with the scope pf the study. Sex education is the instruction about sex and human sexuality which children re supposed to receive but many parents do not instruct their children about sex at all.

Correct and relevant information should be given to teenagers about the changes and development they observe in their bodies during the period of maturity. There girls develop breast and pelvic bone broaden etc. these start about the age of twelve years {12} while the boys sexual organs matures, their chest widens and their larynx enlarges. This period in teenagers is very crucial in the life of an individual and many frustrations may occur during this stage such as school drop out, sexual immorality, juveniles delinquencies to mention a few.

Gone are those days when sexual matter was hidden from children. They are expected to be given information about sex so as to break through the desire in them so that they will not go astray.

Sex desire can lead to sexual immorality which can result to unwanted pregnancy. Most unmarried teenagers who have babies are carried away by sexual feeling and emotional desire. This can lead to abortion, sexually transmitted disease and so on.

Religious groups and a taboo to the generality of the society consider sexual intercourse between two persons who are not married wrong. It can result to unwanted child, psychological problem for person involved.

Therefore sex education should be given to children at any developmental stage because the foundation laid in the early life of the children with determine the stability and quality of their married life.

Sex education should be given to the teenagers through their parents, teachers, counselors and educators. It should also be introduced into secondary schools for teenagers of both sexes with this introduction alone, a lot of changes will occur in the life of the students, parents and the community at large.


1.2 Statement Of Problem

This study intends to emphasize the need for the introduction of sex education into secondary school and also to investigate, if sex education has positive or negative effect on students. This study also tries to find out the problems facing the teaching of sex education such as:

  1. Who should teach sex education?
  2. Where should sex education be taught?
  3. At what age should sex education be taught?
  4. Under what circumstances and the need for it to be introduced into the curriculum.

1.3 Research Questions

The research questions that are required for the purpose of this study include the following:

  1. Is sex education relevant as a course to be taught in education?
  2. Are there trained personnel to handle the course?
  3. Of what benefits is sex education to the pupils/ students and the society at large?
  4. What effect will the introduction of this course have on the moral behaviour of the students?
  5. Will the introduction of this course make students become juvenile and drop out from schools?

1.4 Purpose Of The Study

  1. The aim of this study is to know the relevance of sex education as a course in school.
  2. That the course can be handled by any person.
  3. To know the positive effect it has on students.
  4. To know the benefit it has on students and society at large.
  5. To know that the introduction of this course will not make students become dropout and juvenile delinquency.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This study will add to knowledge especially when the study is based on sex education. With the highlighting of this study, it opens the eyes of the educational administrators and the curriculum planners to know the importance of sex education as a course to be introduced with the curriculum so as to enlighten the teenagers and the society at large.


1.6 Delimitation Of Study

A study like this embraces all areas but the researcher cannot cover all the scope therefore, the researcher selected three {3} secondary schools in Ikpoba Okha Local Government area of Edo state and a sample of teachers in the selected schools and parents.


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Sexually Transmitted Disease:

Diseases contacted through sexual intercourse e.g. HIV, AIDS.

Abortion:

Process of terminating pregnancy

Sexes:

Boys and girls

Teenagers:

Stage of development 11-18 years

Pelvic:

Hip bones

Sex organs:

Structure responsible for reproduction e.g. penis in male and vaginal in female.


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