The Level Of The Knowledge And Source Of Information On Sexual Transmitted Infection (STIS) Among Junior Secondary School

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

The Level Of The Knowledge And Source Of Information On Sexual Transmitted Infection (STIS) Among Junior Secondary School


Abstract


This study was designed to investigate the level of knowledge and source information of sexual transmitted infection among secondary school students in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State. Emphasis was put on trying to establish the relationship between level of knowledge and source of information because of culture and religions barriers.

The study employed the use of questionnaires to gather data in order to establish the nature of the relationship. The validity and reliability of research instrument was established and data was collected from 200 respondent selected from six school in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State using the simple random sampling method. To analyze the data, frequencies and percentages were used, with the aim of establishing the relationship between student knowledge and source, parent, social economic status former background and academic performance of junior secondary student in Amuwo-Odofin Lagos Government Area of Lagos State. This formed the basis of the detailed analysis, conclusion and recommendation made.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Young people (youth) between ages 10 and 24 years comprise the largest and fastest growing population segment in Sub-Saharan Africa. From 1980 to 1995, the population of this age group grew to 56 percent early and unprotected sexual activities expose youth to the risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. STIs are major public health problem especially due to their potentially serious complication when untreated as well as their relationship and HIV transmission. They cause considerable morbidity and premature mortality. Worldwide, young people under the age of 25 years, who represent nearly half of the world’s population, experience over 100 million new cases of STI annually.

Various surveys indicate that as in many other developing countries a high proportion of young people in Nigeria have unprotected penetrative sex by the age of 16 years (3-5) while 23 percent and 25 percent of primary school boys (12-20) years and girls (12-19) years respectively reported past experience of sexually transmitted disease (STDs) in Lagos a point prevalence range of 5-14 percent for various STD in a rural community-based sample of 1,104 youth has been observed.

Despite the fact that use of condoms as a protective measure against STIs was not investigated in his survey, several factor have however been reported to discourage use of preventive measure for STIs amongst the youth population sub-group. Issue like condoms reducing sexual pleasure, financial constraint, poverty and social norm that perpetuate women subordinate as well as traditional view of method have been incriminated.

Evidence from existing literature indicates that whilst basic sexual health information is reported by young people to be primarily acquired from peers, information on STDs including HIV/AIDs and pregnancy prevention amongst youth in Nigeria is usually acquired from the mass media (4,6,9) only a small proportion of students reported parent as primary source of information on issues of sexual health.

In a related study on our culture in Nigeria, formally it is observed that a relatively low proportion of parent were willing to take to their children on sex related issued in the study further noted that parent were of the opinion that such issues should be taught at school, indicating that sex related matter are sensitive and parents shun away from discussing them with their children.

On the other hand, the quality of information parents pass over to their children is doubtful and parent themselves worry that they do not have the information to give to their children.

There are however, indications that youth people prefer to receive sexual health information from parent health workers, and teachers whom they also consider as credible sources of such information.

This study explored source of information and levels of knowledge on STDs among secondary school youth in an urban setting so as to equip the relevant organization and institutions with evidence based information when addressing STDs among youth in schools.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Adolescents, especially those in secondary schools are likely to engage in risky sexual practices and this increase their chances of contacting sexually transmitted diseases or infections. It is no longer an old tale about the existence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) as it used to be relegated as superstitious. Just like the popular slogan that “AIDS is real” similarly, sexually transmitted diseases abound but the problem is that adolescents and especially, secondary school students who indulge in sexual practices seem to have little or no knowledge of STDs and the right attitude towards it. In a bid to explore and experiment on sex and its related activities, adolescents seemingly lurk in total ignorance of the existence, symptoms, mode of transmission, control and right attitude towards sexually transmitted diseases. However, ignorance, they said, is not an excuse to grave consequences of contacting STDs.


1.3 Objective of the Study

To find out if factors like source of information and levels of knowledge on STDs among secondary school youth in an urban setting so as to equip the relevant organization and institution with evidence based information when addressing STIs among youth in schools in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State. The specific objectives of the study are;

  1. To establish the relationship between parent awareness and level of knowledge on sexually transmitted infection.
  2. To establish the relationship between the quality of information parent pass over to their children.
  3. To assess the knowledge of STDs and attitude towards sexual behavior and STDs among secondary school students.

1.4 Research Hypotheses

Hypotheses One
  • Ho: There is negative relationship between parent awareness and level of knowledge on sexually transmitted infection.
  • Hi: There is a positive relationship between parent awareness and level of knowledge on sexually transmitted infection.
Hypotheses Two
  • Ho: There is negative relationship between knowledge levels of STDs among secondary school children.
  • Hi: There is positive relationship between knowledge levels of STDs among secondary school children.

1.5 Significance of the Study

A lot of research has been done on level of knowledge and source of information on sexually transmitted disease among secondary school students at junior secondary student at Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State.

The study will enable the researcher to make recommendation of junior secondary school policy makers especially these in the information units and Ministry of Education and Health on what policies and strategies can be employed to improved level of knowledge and source of information on sexually transmitted diseases in junior secondary school of learning.

The finding will help the Junior Secondary Education Board review its methods of admitting students in order to improve awareness level. The report will also be a source of reference for other researchers intending to study the level of knowledge and source of information on sexually transmitted diseases among secondary school students.


1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This study is primary concerned with the level of knowledge and source of information on sexually transmitted infection (STIs) among junior secondary school. The study was conducted at a public secondary school in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos Nigeria. The researcher encountered some constraints, which limited the scope of the study. These constraints include but are not limited to the following

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Knowledge:

Facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject.

Source:

A place, person, or thing from which something originates or can be obtained

Information:

Information about someone or something consists of facts about them

STI:

This is short for Sexually Transmitted Infection. Information about someone or something consists of facts about them


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain a critical analysis of the level of the knowledge and sources of information on sexual transmitted infection among junior secondary school.
In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations are made, which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefit in addressing the challenges of transmitted infections and the knowledge level of junior secondary school students.


5.2 Summary

This study aimed at having a critical analysis of the level of the knowledge and source of information on sexual transmitted infection among junior secondary school. Three objectives were raised. These objectives include: To establish the relationship between parent awareness and level of knowledge on sexually transmitted infection, to establish the relationship between the quality of information parent pass over to their children, to assess the knowledge of STDs and attitude towards sexual behavior and STDs among secondary school students.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the above findings pertaining to the objectives of the study the following conclusions are drawn.
There is high level of knowledge among the students on STIs but more needs to be done in creating awareness among junior secondary school students. The sources of knowledge were limited to Seminars organized in the school and jingles on the radio and television.


5.4 Recommendation

Health workers should create awareness in secondary schools on these STDs to help the students avoid them. It is also recommended that seminars and workshops should be organized, awareness through pamphlets and leaflets to intensify effort in assisting the students know the dangers of sexually transmitted diseases.


The Level Of The Knowledge And Source Of Information On Sexual Transmitted Infection (STIS) Among Junior Secondary School


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