Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents

Sex Education Project and Seminar Material

Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents


Abstract


This study was carried out on abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. To achieve this 3 research questions were formulated. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of selected residents of the Federal Capital Territory. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 266 residents while 259 were returned and validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using standard deviation. The result of the findings reveals that the arguments for the legalization of abortion include; criminalization of abortion does not dissuade women from having abortions, criminalization of abortion violates the fundamental human rights of women and girls, criminalization of abortion causes women to resort to unsafe abortion methods, and criminalization of abortion increases mortality and health complications caused by unsafe abortions. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that abortion though legalized, should be fully regulated. Also, youths should be made aware of the dangers of abortion.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Pregnancy is the common name for gestation in humans. It is the development of one or more offspring, known as an embryo or fetus in the uterus (Truffers, 2003). Pregnancy usually lasts for about nine (9) months in human beings. At this stage the embryo is developing offspring during the first 8 weeks following conception, and subsequently the term fetus is used until child birth. In many societies, medical or legal definitions of human pregnancy is somewhat arbitrarily divided into three trimester periods of three months each as a means to simplify reference to the different stages of pre-natal development. The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus). During the second trimester the development of the fetus can be more easily monitored and diagnosed. The third trimester is marked by further growth of the fetus and the development of fetal fat stores (Truffers, 2003).

Abortion is the expulsion of the offspring in a state of development from the womb between one to seven months of pregnancy, which is giving birth before the right time. In most cases of abortion is referred to as miscarriage of birth. Abortion should be considered as a lifesaving situation due to illness. But however it is being practice at will due to societal changes and orientations. It is a situation where life is being tempered and it is becoming too dangerous and threatening to the life of the mother.

Abortion is also a form of removing pregnancy from the womb, either by taking pills (medical abortion) which involves taking medicines to cause miscarriage or by surgery (surgical abortion) where the pregnancy is removed from the womb. Most abortions can be provided on a daycare basis which means you do not need to stay at a clinic overnight. Every year almost 12,000 thousand teenage girls have abortion (Bankole, Oye-Adeniran, Sing, Adewole, Wulf, Sedgh 2006).

Abortion consists of two types which are the PILLS and SURGICAL abortion. The pills abortion is used after 9 to 24 weeks of pregnancy which involves taking of medicines to cause the womb to contract and push out the pregnancy. Also from 22 weeks after which the pregnancy is push out and an injection to the womb is given. Such injections are given to ensure the homeostatic balance of the uterus. However a checkup visit to the clinic is also required. Surgical abortion is the dilation and evacuation of the fetus which takes up to 15 to 24 weeks of the pregnancy. In surgical abortion the doctors are required to remove the pregnancy using narrow forceps passed through the neck of the womb. This form of abortion is carried out under general anesthetic conditions (asleep). In surgical abortions, one can visit the clinic and return home the same day of abortion (for pregnancy up to 20 weeks) (Grunseit, 2007).

Abortion is obviously increasing and identified as a social problem in so many ways, it destabilizes the youths as a useful member of the society. The youth is out rightly stigmatized by the society and in the long run turns the girl into a prostitute. Another major incidence of pregnancy and abortion is the socio-cultural background of youths.

This is attributed to the orientation or beliefs which subjected the girl-child to early hawking at a very tender age of about nine or ten years. These inappropriate exposures make her vulnerable as well as the deceitfulness of irresponsible young boys and old men, usually compromise with her innocence.

It is a common fact that the impact of pregnancy and abortion among the youths is spreading in our communities and this needs to be eradicated or reduced. In other words to solve this problem the parents and teachers should mould their children to be better adults. The government should introduce sex education in our secondary schools and tertiary institutions,’ and introduce relevant academic curriculum in order to reduce the cases of unwanted pregnancy.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

In Nigeria, the age at first sexual intercourse is reducing while the age at first marriage is increasing. This points to the fact that although, youths are initiating sexual activities early, they get married late. The increase in sexual activity outside of marriage has consequently increased the rate of unplanned pregnancies (Grunseit, 2007). Due to social response and stigmatization of unwedded youths pregnancy, abortion has become an option for several adolescents who get pregnant “outside wedlock”. However due to the prohibition of induced abortion in several countries, youths often procure abortion in unsafe facilities and subsequently suffer from the consequences of unsafe abortion including death. Despite the enormous burden of the consequences of unsafe abortion, countries like Nigeria still criminalize abortion thereby condemning adolescents to unsafe abortion and its consequences (Henshaw 1990). Several studies have looked at the policy aspect of legalizing abortion and the perception of the community as a whole; this study sought to understand abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The primary objective of this study is to examine and analyse abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. Other objectives of this study are:

  1. To review arguments for the legalization of abortion.
  2. To examine the perception of college female students on the legalization of abortion.
  3. To investigate the outcome of abortion legalization on the sexual practices of youths.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered in this study

  1. What are the arguments for the legalization of abortion?
  2. What are the perception of college female students on abortion legalization?
  3. What is the effect of abortion on the sexual practices among youths?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The main purpose in embarking on this research work is to examine and analyse abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. The researcher will carry out this research work in order to make his contribution and recommendation to the youths on the issue of abortion.

This study will also be beneficial to the society as the results of this study will reveal the dangers of abortion, the reasons for legalizing abortion, and the effect of abortion on the sexual practices among youths thereby encouraging parents and guardians to take actions and decisions that will better educate their youths on abortion and its accompanying dangers.

Finally, this study in its entirety will be relevant for further research and contribute to knowledge body.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will be focusing on examining and analysing abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. Specifically, it will also be focusing on reviewing arguments for the legalization of abortion, examining the perception of college female students on the legalization of abortion and investigating the outcome of abortion legalization on the sexual practices of youths.

Selected residents of the Federal Capital Territory will serve as enrolled participants for the survey of this study.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

This study will be limited to examining and analysing abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. Specifically, it will also be limited to reviewing arguments for the legalization of abortion, examining the perception of college female students on the legalization of abortion and investigating the outcome of abortion legalization on the sexual practices of youths.

Selected residents of the Federal Capital Territory will serve as enrolled participants for the survey of this study thus this will serve as a limitation to this study as further research is needed if the findings of this study is to be used in other parts of Nigeria.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Abortion:

The deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy.

Legalization:

Legalization is the process of removing a legal prohibition against something which is currently not legal. Legalization is a process often applied to what are regarded, by those working towards legalization, as victimless crimes

Impact:

A marked effect or influence

Sexual Activities:

Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality. People engage in a variety of sexual acts, ranging from activities done alone to acts with another person in varying patterns of frequency, for a wide variety of reasons.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine abortion legalization and its impact on sexual practices of youths: a study of FCT residents. The study specifically was aimed at reviewing arguments for the legalization of abortion, examining the perception of college female students on the legalization of abortion and, investigate the outcome of abortion legalization on the sexual practices of youths. The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 259 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are residents of FCT residents.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion.

1. The arguments for the legalization of abortion are:
  • Criminalization of abortion does not dissuade women from having abortions,
  • Criminalization of abortion violates the fundamental human rights of women and girls
  • Criminalization of abortion causes women to resort to unsafe abortion methods,
  • Criminalization of abortion increases mortality and health complications caused by unsafe abortions and
  • Criminalization of abortion negatively impacts access to legal abortions.
2. The perception of college female students on abortion legalization are:
  • Safe abortion is legally allowed if the pregnancy is the result of incest,
  • Safe abortion is legally allowed for all types of pregnancy,
  • Safe abortion is legally allowed if the pregnancy is the result of rape and
  • Safe abortion is legally if continuation of the pregnancy endangers the life of the mother or the child
3. The effect of abortion on the sexual practices among youths are:
  • Abortion legalization generates incentives leading to an increase in sexual activity,
  • It leads to an increase in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and
  • Leads to physical, psychological, and social benefits of legal abortion to women, children, and families

5.4 Recommendations

In regard to the findings of the study, the researcher recommends that;

  1. Abortion though legalized, should be fully regulated
  2. Youths should be made aware of the dangers of abortion

How To Get The Complete Material For Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦3,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 80 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Abortion Legalization And Its Impact On Sexual Practices Of Youths: A Study Of FCT Residents” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.