A Case Study Of Drug Abuse And Youth In Kaltungo Local Government Area Of Gombe State

Medical and Health Science Project and Seminar Material

A Case Study Of Drug Abuse And Youth In Kaltungo Local Government Area Of Gombe State


The aim of this study was to enquire into the incidence and effect of drug abuse amongst youths in Kaltungo Local Government, parental influence/poor homes. A questionnaire was designed for the purpose of collecting various views (data) on how drug abuse affects the youths, leading them to delinquent behaviours. The data collected were statistically analyzed by the use of percentages. Inadequate parental care and teachers in schools is a contributing factor of the youth involvement in drug abuse. Moreover, about 84% of both the parent and the parents and youths responded negatively to the availability of school facilities. Social changes as a result of urbanization has been ranked as one of the contributing factors to incidence of drugs abuse. Parents should also be enlightened on the dangers of separation of marriages.

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

The people of Kaltungo Local Government Area were said to have migrated from the far East through former Kanem Borno Empire. They settle in various places like Ngazargamu after they left Yamen. It was from Kupto they came to their present settlement with struggles of wars (tribal).

The Kaltungo people move together with tribes like Tera; Balewa; Karekare; Wasa; Kanakuru and other minor tribes. The people arrived to Tungo in the 18th century after a clash of interest they separated with his brother Billiri people and settled in present Kaltungo.

Kaltungo Local Government came into existence in 1992 from former Billiri-Kaltungo Local Government, with an area of 2,737 square kilometers and the population of 12,409 (1996 census). It has eight (8) districts and two chiefdoms and are inhabited by Tangale, Tula, Awok and Kamo others includes Fulani; hausa, Yoruba and Ibo.

The area is (hilly kilang hill) being the highest peak and valleys with good vegetation. The favorable climate and fertile land encourage good Agriculture. Both for cash crop and food crops like Guinea corn, Millet, Maize, beans, Beni-seed etc. They have various fruits, the most important been the Kanje (Murici) other includes Mango, Locust beans tree and others.

The view of the focal area of study is Kaltungo metropolis where the rate of drug abuse are very alarming. It is made of five hamlets, among them is Kalaring which is the principal area, where the name of their gathering was named (AJAKUNLE) where other youths come from all over the Local Government to purchase, and do their acts of drugs and substance abuse and takes some to their respective villages. Among the drugs are Marijuna, Burkutu, Goscolo patch solution and others.

The local government is headed by the chairman and traditionally ruled by the MAI who is equivalent to first class Emir and Deputy Chairmen Gombe State council of Chief.

Geographically the Local Government is borded in the west by Shongom Local Government, with Waja Local government in the east, while in the North by Billiri Local Government Area.

The culture and tradition are ill pagans before the coming of the two foreign religions Christianity and Islam. Presently over 2/3 of the people are Christians while other Islam and traditionalist measured 1/3. The people have various festivities, among the most important are the Eku and Tagar which was celebrated every year in the months of August and December rerspectively December festival ends with traditional dances involving the whole community. The people of Kaltungo are peace loving.

The incidence of increasing of drug usage among youths including secondary students in Kaltungo local Government Area of Gombe state and to some extent primary school leaver has been in growing concern to Nigerian society and indeed the whole world. According to Sunday concord page 5 and the Nigerian newspapers first caption of 25th of February 1998 and 13th August, 2005 respectively.

It has commonly reported in Nigerian papers, that youths, adults and Business men and women, the rich and the poor are trafficking in dangerous drugs and abusing them. Drugs such as Marijuna, alcohol, heroin and cocaine are commonly sold and misused by youths who are ignorant of their health and to their future social economic and cultural status.

Various government in Nigeria and even outside countries expressed deep concern over the alarming rate of drugs abuse. What really seems to be of concern is the involvement of youth in this notorious activities.

According to Advance Learners’ Dictionary defined drug scientifically as any substance other than food, which by its chemical substance or nature affect the function of the leaving organism. Drug abuse refers to self medication or none medical use of drugs to achieve other purpose rather than healing or curing of disease. Thus any use of drug not prescribed by a physician can be termed to as drug abuse or persistent use of drug that is harmful to personal and social growth.

1.2 Statement of Research Problem

Kaltungo people are often re reaching and discussing the “Good olden days”. The youths are hard working, submissive and loyal as “culture was a habit”. The loyalty youth do assist their parents by working on the farm by male youths and fetching of fire wood by the female youths.

In recent years, the hard working attitude of the youths in Kaltungo Local Government area has change and currently drug use and delinquency has taken over. This study is made to trace the causes and effect of drug abuse in the area of study.

A close discussion with some school officers and teachers, Nigerian educational administrators, parents/guidance, traditional rulers, community leaders, religious leaders etc. Drug abuse among school leavers are alarming increasing since early 1980s especially amongst the youths in Kaltunga Local Government Headquarters.

Youths in Kaltungo Local Government are prone to varieties of drugs, drinking and smoking marijuana. They are also engaged in taking (Goscolo) which to death of youths. The current example of the drugs are Tramol, valium, patch solution, Bunigato to mentioned but a few.

The rate of criminal acts is on the increase such like stealing, raping and beating their parents. In spite of Government effort by citing the office of drug law enforcement agency in the area, but still no marked improvement. They do change their place of gathering named AJAKUNLE whenever they are displaced by the law enforcements. Though some of the law enforcement personnel do involves in such practice. This strengthen the youths not to fear them anymore.

The researcher wants to finds out why the incidence among the youths is increasing at alarming rate than before. However several efforts are still on the move to improve relationship between the youths and the personnel so that to achieve positive goals.

Viewing the statement of the problems the following question are raised:

  1. Are there cases of drug abuse in government science secondary school Kaltungo?
  2. What makes youths get involved in drug abuse?
  3. What is the effect of drug abuse among youths?
  4. How can drug abuse be controlled among youths?
  5. What is the role of parents and counselors involvement in drug abuse?

1.3 Research Objectives

  1. To establish the incidence of drug abuse among youths in Kaltungo Local government Area and causes of such behaviours.
  2. To find out effect of drug abuse and learning process and deliguent behaviour.
  3. To determine the level of parental involvement among youths who use drugs.
  4. To make necessary recommendations to government, educators, parents and other stakeholders.

1.4 The Significance of the Study

The research findings will be of benefit to the following set of people;

  1. The school administrators, government and parent, to resolve conflict that lead youth to drug abuse, through encouragement of youths to comply with their studies.
  2. Parents should be partners of progress of their youths, so that to modify their children’s behaviours to deceit from such act.
  3. Children should notes that a good student and citizen make a good leader of tomorrow.

1.5 Scope and Limitation of the Study

This research will be restricted mainly in Kaltungo metropolis where it becomes the nucleus of drug abuse. The nature of the people, their habit and characters with other cultural values which lead youths to get involved in drug abuse, the researcher will distribute questionnaires randomly and also personal interview so that to achieve the goal.

1.6 Definition of Key Concepts

According to Oxford Advance Dictionary


Is a bad or criminal behaviour usually of youth, people like stealing, drunkenness etc.

Drug Abuse:

Refers to self medication or medical use of drug to achieve other purpose rather than healing or curing disease.


According to Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary, is the time of life when a person is young especially before the time a child becomes an adult. He had been a talented musician in his youth.

Youth Delinquency:

Are mild crimes behaviours carried out by youths like shop lifting, drunkenness, sexual abuse etc.

Chapter Five

Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary

The purpose of this study was to enquire into the incidence and effect of drug abuse amongst youths in Kaltungo Local Government. The researcher asked question on parental care, educational and Government attitudes towards drug abuse and the present of guidance and counselling in schools. Hypotheses were postulated with respect to parental care.

To carry this investigation the respondent were drawn from the community of various hamlet were randomly selected for study. On these data were collected through students parents and the entire people in the community. Questionnaire, unstructured interview as through personal observation thirty (30) youths and twenty six (26) adults responded to youths and parents questionnaire respectively.

The data collected were statistically analyzed by the use of percentages. The acceptance or rejection of hypothesis was based on the highest responds to either Yes or No.

5.2 Major Finding

The findings from the analysis of the data collected shows that:

  1. Inadequate parental care and teachers in schools is a contributing factors of the youth involvement in drug abuse. This was because about 86% of the youths responded positively to the statement use in finding out their attitude towards lack of good facilities and lack of good parental care.
  2. Furthermore, about 84% of both the parent and the parent and the youths responded negatively to the availability of school facilities. The researchers personal observation and discussion with the parents confirmed the inadequate parental care and bad teachers.
  3. The sampled community lacks counselling personnel were responsible for the habit.
  4. Sample schools lacks qualified counsellors through which students/youths responded out of the four secondary schools studied only one been a Christian school with good counselling and goal discipline. The student drug abuse intake was greatly reduced.

5.3 Recommendation

In the light of the findings, the researcher would make the following recommendation and hope that of they are adequately and creditably implemented students and youths towards indiscriminate use and abuse of drugs would be minimized if not totally eradicated;

  1. Efforts should be made to enlighten parents of the implication of recognizing their children as bad children because of their involvement in drug abuse. Parent should be made to understand that children learn fast from imitation. In the light of this parents who are alcoholic themselves should also be enlightened on dangerous effect of it and control it, parents should also be enlightened on the dangers of separation of marriages. This is necessary since frequent separation of marriages have been found to be a contributing factor to children’s involvement in drug addiction.
  2. Social changes as a result of urbanization has been ranked as one of the contributing factor to incidence of drug abuse among students/youths. The parents should therefore instill in their wards discipline, the need to recognize and respect their cultural way and values so as to create a drug free society.
  3. Government should continue campaign on the use of drug addiction throughout the federation. Services and lasting measures should be meted out against offenders. Government should ensure that any culprit caught by law enforcement agent such as culprit parent background should be traced, and if such parent were found to have influenced on child behaviour, punishment should be meted against such parent.
  4. The National Drug Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) should check all sources by which dangerous drugs are imported into the country, all local sources those drugs can be acquired by youths should be blocked.
  5. Guidance and counselling programme should be introduced in all secondary schools to help resolve youths criminal tendencies. All behavioural changes and lifestyles noticed by parents in their wards should be reported to the school or the six men committee on control of drug abuse in the L.G.A.

5.4 Suggestion for Further Studies

As a result of the findings in this study and the observation made, the researcher should like to suggest the following areas for further studies:

  1. Since this research is limited to Kaltungo Local Government Area of Gombe State, the researcher is suggested that similar studies be carried out in each area or state of the federation.
  2. The researcher suggests that further studies to be carried out on parental care so as to control excessive unbecoming behaviours of youths.
  3. The study of the incidence of drug abuse should involve more secondary schools in the state so that to give wider perspective of the subjects in order to sample opinion from it.
  4. The effect of drug abuse among secondary school student and other youths and the society should be properly investigated for issues raised in this work are not enough.

5.5 Conclusion

The study was aimed at finding the incidence and effect of drug abuse on the youths of Kaltungo Local Government, parental influence/poor homes. The finding of the study led to the following conclusion.

Proliferation of many secondary schools in the state accounted for the incidence of drug abuse amongst students and youths in the Local Government Area. Parental influence home background is the contributing factor to the incidence of drug abuse and addiction amongst students in secondary schools. Social cultural factors and religious problems is also a conceptive factor.

Get Complete Project Material

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: A Case Study Of Drug Abuse And Youth In Kaltungo Local Government Area Of Gombe State

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search

List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content


Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.