Drug Abuse And Cultism As Correlates Of Students Attitudes And Academic Performances In Upper Basic Two Mathematics In Benue State

Mathematics Education Project Material

Drug Abuse And Cultism As Correlates Of Students Attitudes And Academic Performances In Upper Basic Two Mathematics In Benue State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State. The study was specifically set to find out the prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State, find out the prevalence of cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State, investigate the causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State, and explore the effects of drug abuse and cultism on upper basic two students academic performances in Mathematics in Benue State. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of upper basic two students in Benue State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 229 respondents and 210 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi- square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State is high. Furthermore, the study reveals that the causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State includes: curiosity, parents involvement in drugs, media, lack of parental care/supervision, depression, and peer influence.Therefore, it is recommended that health workers should organize seminars and lectures on drug abuse and also teach the youths the dangers of drug misuse and abuse; they should take the pain of visiting medical stores and schools regularly to check the type and quality of drugs. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

According to Adams (2018), the national policy on education (1981) aspires to make education a dynamic instrument for change that will revolutionize all aspects of the nation’s existence. Among the policy’s objectives is the acquisition of suitable mental and physical skills, abilities, and competence as equipment for the person to live in and contribute to the growth of society.” Individuals should be able to convert into valuable beings for themselves, their communities, and the country as a whole via education (Adams, 2018).

However, the aims of education are oriented toward the relevance of people’ and societies’ needs in connection to the reality of modern-day developments. Education has unavoidably taken on a new dimension as a result of the effect of drug misuse, particularly among students in Nigeria’s postsecondary institutions. Any ailment that causes more fatalities, personal injuries, and devastation in a nation’s history must be recognized as a major societal concern. This seems to be the case with drug misuse in our culture. And, particularly at institutions of higher learning, the frequency of drug misuse among students has reached such a high point that both new and old students are engaged in drug abuse (Jang, & Agnew, 2015).

Drug abuse has become a global problem that negatively affects nearly every nation, but the magnitude, causes, effects, and characteristics differ from nation to nation. Etymologically, according to Kiiru (2015), the use of intoxicants or illegal substances can be viewed as a pervasive phenomenon amongst various communities, such as the Fangs of North Western Equatorial Africa, the Aryans of Northern India, the Jivaro of the Amazonian rain forest, the Aborigenes of Australia, and the Reindeer Herders of Siberia. In his hypothesis, Gatonye (2016) views substance abuse as a chemical that modifies perceptions, cognition, emotion, behavior, and general physiological function.
In Nigeria, the incessant use of hard drugs and substance addiction problem is the same as in other countries, although the extent of the problem may be different, with a small portion of the youth population, particularly students, who form the manpower and future of Nigerian society, being disproportionately affected. According to the Federal Ministry of Youths and Sports, Nigerian youths between the ages of 10 and 30 make up approximately 49% of the country’s population, and approximately 38% of Nigerian youths are involved with narcotics (National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, 2017).

On the other hand, cultism poses a grave threat to the safety, well-being, and academic progress of students. Involving violence, intimidation, and disruption of academic activities, cult activities create an unfriendly learning environment. According to a study conducted by Ojo (2017), cultism has a negative impact on students’ academic performance and leads to a decline in their interest and participation in educational activities. The findings of a 2018 study by Asamaigo, Nwankwo, and Okorie provide additional support for this negative effect on academic performance..

These two vices, drug abuse and cultism, are increasing rapidly in our society, and several research reports indicate that these problems cut across various ages and strata of society, but the greatest percentage of drug users push the nation into destitution. Attention should be paid to these social ills that are continuing to spread in our country, particularly in the education sector, where recent results show how poor students’ academic performance is.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

In recent years, the alarming increase in the prevalence of drug abuse, as well as the consequences and effects of drug use among students, has spurred concern and a battle among all helping professions to develop innovative methods to providing teenagers with skills for life without substance abuse. According to WHO and World Heart Foundation statistics, 22.1% of Nigerian school-aged kids aged 12 to 17 smoke cigarettes. As the nation evolves from a drug-consuming to a drug-producing one, more Nigerian students are becoming drug addicts (Jorisc, 2020).
Depending on the mode of administration, drug use may be beneficial or detrimental. The prevalence of substance abuse has a variety of negative effects on the academic performance of secondary school pupils, including heart and liver disease (Ikott, 2021). As a result, the crime rate, which is related to substance abuse, has reached extremely disturbing levels. We have witnessed a plethora of behavior disorders and social maladjustments among youth who commit acts such as rape, homicide, larceny, and thuggery, among others (Ikott, 2021). The perpetrators of these crimes are predominantly adolescents who have recently entered secondary education. This substance abuse effects them academically, psychologically, and socially; as a result, they are often expelled from school, become delinquents, and join the street life. The problems have infiltrated every crevice and cranny of Nigerian society.

Youths with mental health issues are roving the streets, falling out of school, languishing in hospital facilities, being convicted and incarcerated. Our society has been ravaged by the scourge of substance abuse, but there is no effective counseling program in our secondary institutions to combat the problem head-on. As a scourge of moral deterioration and societal instability, the Government, corporate organizations, and the general public’s efforts to eradicate the menace are futile, as it has become a pandemic. Therefore, it is necessary to invest in preventive strategies rather than the prevalent curative approach, whose impact is minimal. In addition, it negatively impacts the academic performance of students.

Similarly, cultism has been found to negatively impact academic performance and educational attitudes. Asamaigo et al. (2018) identified cultism as a significant factor that impedes academic progress and decreases students’ interest in educational activities in secondary institutions thus this study will investigate the impact of drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The main aim of this study is to investigate the impact of drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State. Specific aims of this study are:

  1. To find out the prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State.
  2. To find out the prevalence of cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State.
  3. To investigate the causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State.
  4. To explore the effects of drug abuse and cultism onupper basic two students academic performances in Mathematicsin Benue State.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions will be answered in this study:

  1. What is the prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State.
  2. What is the prevalence of cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State?
  3. What are the causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State?
  4. What are the effects of drug abuse and cultism onupper basic two students academic performances in Mathematicsin Benue State?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study; the following research hypotheses were formulated;

  • Ho1: Drug abuse has no significant effect on students attitudes and academic performance in mathematics among upper basic two students
  • Ho2: Cultism has no significant effect on students attitudes and academic performance in mathematics among upper basic two students.

1.6 Significance of the Study

It is hoped that this study will provide information for government, educators and relevant bodies to reflect upon various factors that triggers youth’s indulgence in drug or substance abuse. In so doing, they can investigate the possibility of introducing the recommended solutions to their school, which may sequent lead to enhancing students’ educational outcomes in school. The will be of utmost benefits to students and authority of the secondary schools in Nigeria as it serves as a blue print in curtailing the consumption of drugs in the school environment. The study will be of relevance to the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency(NDLEA) and other relevant bodies in combating drug abuse and addiction in the society as well dish out tips that can help those addicted to drugs turn a new a leave.Finally, the study will contribute to the general body of knowledge and serve as a reference material to student and scholars who wishes to conduct further studies in related field.


1.7 Scope of the Study

Broadly, this study focuses on investigate the impact drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State. However upper basic two students in Benue State will be the respondents for this study.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Drug Abuse:

The use of illegal drugs or the use of prescription or over-the-counter drugs for purposes other than those for which they are meant to be used, or in excessive amounts. Drug abuse may lead to social, physical, emotional, and job-related problems.

Cultism:

This is a devotion to the doctrine or a cult or to the practices of a cult.

Students:

A person studying in a school or other place of higher education

Academic Performance:

Academic performance is the measurement of student achievement across various academic subjects. It is the extent to which a student has attained their short or long-term educational goal.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State.The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine drug abuse and cultism as correlates of students attitudes and academic performances in upper basic two mathematics in Benue State. The study was specifically carried out to find out the prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State, find out the prevalence of cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State, investigate the causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State, and explore the effects of drug abuse and cultism on upper basic two students academic performances in Mathematics in Benue State.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 210 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent areupper basic two students in Benue State.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The prevalence of drug abuse among upper basic two students in Benue State is high.
  2. The prevalence of cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State is high.
  3. The causes of drug abuse and cultism among upper basic two students in Benue State includes: curiosity, parents involvement in drugs, media, lack of parental care/supervision, depression, and peer influence.
  4. The effects of drug abuse and cultism on upper basic two students academic performances in Mathematics in Benue State includes: truancy, decreased ability to concentrate, poor study habit, school drop outs, poor participation in class assessment, lack of interest in extra curriculum activities.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. The attitude orientation of the individual can be changed by education, thus, education has to start from the home that is the family unit.
  2. Parents should study their childrens’ behaviour in order to be able to detect any change in behaviour. They should also try to know their children intellectual ability, so that they can give useful advice on their future academic career.
  3. Health workers should organize seminars and lectures on drug abuse and also teach the youths the dangers of drug misuse and abuse; they should take the pain of visiting medical stores and schools regularly to check the type and quality of drugs.
  4. The teachers on their part should encourage the students, praise efforts only not condemn, instead they should commend they should set good drug use and abuse. The government should design a drug education programme because education plays fundamental role in helping to fight the misuse of drugs in the school in particular and the public in general.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Drug Abuse And Cultism As Correlates Of Students Attitudes And Academic Performances In Upper Basic Two Mathematics In Benue State

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.