Knowledge And Awareness Of The Effects Of Narcotic Drug Use Among Students Of Federal Polytechnic Idah

Project and Seminar Material for Public Health

Knowledge And Awareness Of The Effects Of Narcotic Drug Use Among Students Of Federal Polytechnic Idah


Abstract


This project work examined the KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS OF THE EFFECTS OF NARCOTIC DRUG USE AMONG STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC IDAH. It also informed the students of the study area on the practice of effects of narcotic drug use on their health and academic performance. Among the objectives is to ascertain the level of narcotic knowledge possessed by the students in Federal Polytechnic Idah, to assess the preventive measure against the consumption of hard drugs in school and make use of the available resources to combat the menace from narcotic drug use. Many medical and allied works of literature were reviewed to develop more facts for the project work. This research used descriptive survey to sample 50 staff and 100 students of Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State. Questionnaire is the instrument used to gather and analyze the data, 150 questionnaires were distributed out of which 150 were retrieved. In conclusion, recommendations were made that the students should avoid narcotic drugs as this will go a long to affect their studies in school. Also, students should be aware of the negative effects of the narcotic drugs as it might affect their mental alertness and stability. Furthermore, students should refrain from cultism being a platform for drugs addiction and armed Robbery activities and as well as prostitutions Keywords narcotic, knowledge, students, effect, and drug use.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Scope and Delimitations of the Study
  • 1.7 Operational Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 History of Narcotic Drugs
  • 2.2 Classification of Narcotics
  • 2.3 Pharmacokinetic of Narcotic Drugs
  • 2.4 General Uses of Narcotic Drugs
  • 2.5 Precautions on Theuse of Narcotic Drugs
  • 2.6 Effect of Narcotic Drugs
  • 2.7 Clinical Signs and Symptoms of Narcotic Drugs on the Users
  • 2.8 Prevention of the Use of Narcotic Drugs

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.0 Material and Methods
  • 3.1 Materials
  • 3.2 Methods
  • 3.3 Population Study
  • 3.4 Experimental Design and Sampling
  • 3.5 Sampling Techniques
  • 3.6 Statistical Tool / Analysis

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation Analysis and Discussion of Findings

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusions and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Information

Narcotics are addictive drugs that reduce the user’s perception of pain and induce euphoria (a feeling of exaggerated and unrealistic well-being). The English word narcotic is derived from the Greek narkotikos , which means “numbing” or “deadening.” Although the term can refer to any drug that deadens sensation or produces stupor, it is commonly applied to the opioids—that is, to all natural or synthetic drugs that act like morphine. It also referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties. it has since associated with opiates and opioids, commonly morphine and heroin, as well as derivatives of many of the compounds found within raw opium latex. The primary three are morphine, codeine, and thebaine (while thebaine itself is only very mildly psychoactive, it is a crucial precursor in the vast majority of semi-synthetic opioids, such as oxycodone). Legally speaking, the term “narcotic” is imprecisely defined and typically has negative connotations. Statutory classification of a drug as a narcotic often increases the penalties for violation of drug control statutes. For example, although federal law classifies both cocaine and amphetamines as “Schedule II” drugs, the penalty for possession of cocaine is greater than the penalty for possession of amphetamines because cocaine, unlike amphetamines, is classified as a narcot Stern, J., and C. Ippolit (2013)

Narcotics can be dangerous because of their potential for deadly interactions with other medications as well as their potential for dependence and addiction. Narcotics should never be combined with other types of drugs that depress the central nervous system.

These categories of drugs include the following:

  • Alcohol
  • Benzodiazepine tranquilizers, including such drugs as diazepam (Valium), alprazolam (Xanax), and chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  • Barbiturates, used to treat insomnia and anxiety , including such medications as pentobarbital (Nembutal) and mephobarbital (Mebaral)
  • Antihistamines, even over-the-counter cold or allergy medications, which can interact with narcotics to intensify drowsiness and repress breathing. WHO (2014)

Narcotics can also interact with certain herbal preparations to cause central nervous system depression. Anyone taking narcotics for pain relief should avoid using herbal preparations containing kava kava ( Piper methysticum ), valerian ( Valeriana officinalis ), chamomile ( Matricaria recutita ), or lemon balm ( Melissa officinalis ), as these herbs intensify the tendency of opioids to cause drowsiness and slow down breathing. Ginseng ( Panax ginseng ) should also be avoided because it interferes with the pain-relieving qualities of opioid medications.

Sense of “any illegal drug” first recorded 1926, Amer.Eng. The adj. is first attested c.1600. There are many different types of narcotics. The two most common forms of narcotic drugs are morphine and codeine. Both are synthesized from opium for medicinal use. The most commonly used drug for recreational purposes created from opium is heroin. Synthesized drugs created with an opium base for use in pain management are fentanyl, oxycodone, tramadol, demarol, hydrocodone, methadone, and hydromorphone. New forms of pain medication are being created regularly. The newest drug to come out in 2014 is zohydro, an intense dosage of hydrocodone medication, the strongest yet created for pain management. Stern, J., and C. Ippolit (2013)

It is within the legislative prerogative to classify cocaine, which is a non-narcotic central nervous system stimulant, as a narcotic for penalty and regulatory purposes. The use of cocaine poses serious problems for the community and has a high potential for abuse.


1.2 Statement Justification of the Problem

The rate of the abuse of narcotic (hard) drugs among the students of federal polytechnic idah is quite alarming and uncalled for. And these had led to social and moral decadence which invariably affected the students, families, the community and our country Nigeria at large.
It is no longer story that copious of the students of federal polytechnic idah under the influences of narcotic drugs involved themselves into so many social vices such as cultism, prostitution, armed robbery, absenteeism, rituals e.t.c due to lack of knowledge of the effects of the narcotic drugs on their health, academic, mental and social being. Thus, to this regard, the institution rusticates the students involved from the school making them to become nuisance as well as increase high level crimes the society.

It is high time the senate of the federal polytechnic idah imposed law against the use of narcotic drugs as well as accelerate awareness on the danger of the utilization of the hard drugs by placing adverts on TV, Radio, handbill, newspapers and others social media via and as well as via physical demonstration. According to the saying, “charity begins from home” , parents have a duties to play in ensuring their children live a drug free life in order to build up a healthy society.


1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study

1.3.1 General Objective of the Study

The general objective of the study is to;-

  • To know the level of the knowledge of awareness on the effects of narcotic drugs among students of federal polytechnic idah kogi state
1.3.2 Specific Objective of the Study

The specific objective of the study are;-

  1. To create awareness on the danger of the use of nartic drugs in FPI idah kogi state
  2. To assess the preventive measure against the consumption of hard drugs in school
  3. To make use of the available resources to combat the menace from narcotic drugs use
  4. To evaluate the effects of the use of the narcotic drugs on the students of FPI idah kogi state
  5. To rehabilitate the students who are already addicted to the narcotic drugs.

1.4 Scope of the Study

The scope of the study covers the study area “Federal polytechnic idah kogi state. It looks beyond the lack of pre-existing knowledge of awareness on the effects of narcotic drugs among the students in the study area.


1.5 Limitation of the Study

The limitation of the study are that;–

  1. Lack of available raw materials and resources are barriers to the completion of the research
  2. Frequent industrial action by the labour union affect the academic of the schools also influence the findings
  3. Lack of pre-existing records or data in the study area also affect the findings
  4. Inadequate finance is a big problem to the findings pertaining of the study
  5. The distance from the research center to college of health science and technology idah is a marathon task.

1.6 Research Question/Hypothesis

  1. The students have useful knowledge about the effect of narcotic drugs?
  2. Can the students be mentally-disoriented from the use of narcotic drugs?
  3. Can the students drop out of school because of involvement into narcotic drugs?
  4. Can the addiction lead to the involvement into social vices such as prostitution, armed robbery, cultism etc ?
  5. Can narcotic drugs influences students to be rude in school and at home

1.7 Operational Terminologies

  • Analgesics —A class of pain-relieving medicines, including aspirin and Tylenol.
  • Antitussive —A drug used to suppress coughing.
  • Euphoria —A feeling or state of well-being or elation.
  • Morphine —The principal alkaloid derived from the opium poppy for use as a pain reliever and sedative. In its purified form, it is a white, bitter-tasting crystalline powder.
  • Narcotic —A drug derived from opium or compounds similar to opium. Such drugs are potent pain relievers and can affect mood and behavior. Long-term use of narcotics can lead to dependence and tolerance. Also known as a narcotic analgesic.
  • Opium latex —The milky juice or sap of the opium poppy, used to produce morphine.
  • Palliative —Referring to a drug or a form of care that relieves pain without providing a cure. Persons in severe pain from terminal cancer are often prescribed narcotics as palliative care.
  • Stupor —A trance-like state that causes a person to appear numb to their environment.

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