Design And Construction Of A Power Bank

Project and Seminar Material For Electrical Electronics Engineering EEE

Design And Construction Of A Power Bank


Abstract


Power bank includes a main body having a circuit board and a battery arranged therein. The circuit board includes a first control unit, a second control unit connected to the first control unit. The first control unit controls an input voltage of an external power supply and an output voltage of a battery power of the battery, and informs the second control unit to turn on. Portable Power Banks are comprised of a special battery in a special case with a special circuit to control power flow. They allow you to store electrical energy (deposit it in the bank) and then later use it to charge up a mobile device.


Table of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Project
  • 1.2 Problem Statement
  • 1.3 Objective of the Project
  • 1.4 Significance of the Project
  • 1.5 Scope of the Project
  • 1.6 Limitation of the Project
  • 1.7 Application of the Project
  • 1.8 Methodology
  • 1.9 Project Organisation

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Overview of the Study
  • 2.2 Review of the Related Study
  • 2.3 Review of Battery Charger
  • 2.4 Historical Background of the Study
  • 2.5 Review of Different Types of Rechargeable Battery

Chapter Three

3.0 Construction

  • 3.1 Basic Designs of the System
  • 3.2 Block Diagram of the System
  • 3.3 Circuit Diagram of the System
  • 3.4 Description of Components Used
  • 3.5 Parts List
  • 3.6 Circuit Description
  • 3.7 System Operation

Chapter Four

Result Analysis

  • 4.0 Construction Procedure and Testing
  • 4.1 Casing and Packaging
  • 4.2 Assembling of Sections
  • 4.3 Testing of System Operation
  • 4.4 Cost Analysis
  • 4.5 Economic of the Project
  • 4.6 Project Viability
  • 4.7 Project Reliability
  • 4.8 Project Maintainability

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion, Recommendation, References

  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation
  • 5.3 References

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

A power bank is a portable laptop computer battery charger, or recharger,[1][2] which is used to put energy into a secondary cell or rechargeable battery of a cell phone by forcing an electric current through it.

This device supplies power from its built-in battery through a charging port. Power banks are popular for charging devices when little adjustment is made on it. They can also be used as a power supply for various powered devices such as lights and small fans. They usually recharge with a power supply. The power bank includes a control circuit that both regulates charging of the battery and converts the battery voltage for the device. Some chargers for cells like 18650s and 26650 can also serve as a power bank. Although it is generally more cumbersome to carry such a charger with cells rather than a conventional power bank, this type of setup has the advantage of being able to charge cells for other uses. It also has the advantage that, when the cells are dead, they can be swapped for fresh cells for immediate use rather than having to be recharged first.


1.2 Problem Statement

Sometimes there is nothing worse than losing all the charges on your cell phone especially when you are in the middle of something very important. Usually this happens at the most inconvenient time probably when you are using your cell phone to surf the web, in the middle of a browsing or when you are desperate to send an important email or text message. Nonetheless, in this dispensation of global village, there is never a good time! If you are always on the move and you never know whether there is power supply in the place you are moving to, the very last thing you would imagine is to have your cell phone low or even empty on battery. For those who depend largely on their mobile devices, not having enough power for the battery can be a major catastrophe. How else will people reach you or how will you call/text people for business or personal reasons when your cell phone is basically useless as it has gone off on you? All these are problem to our present time, to bring this problem to an end, power bank was introduced which is a portable device that can supply power using stored energy in its built-in batteries [1,2].


1.3 Objective of the Project

The objective of the project is to design a device that is used to recharge small devices such as cellphone when and where there is no power supply to charge the device from mains supply. A connector is added to complete the design. The type of connector will depend on the device to be charged. Cell phones from Samsung and many other companies require the Micro-USB “type B” receptacle connector.


1.4 Significance of the Project

Power bank serve as an ‘extra battery’ or external charger for your phone or other electronic devices. Power bank helps to ensure longer hours of texting, phone calls, or web browsing using your mobile phone.


1.5 Scope of the Project

Cell-phone batteries often die at very inconvenient times, with no ac power outlet nearby. This device uses a 5v regulator (Lm7805), which can be bought almost anywhere, to recharge cell phones and other portable devices like music players, e-book readers, and cameras.

The circuit chargers that typically come with cell phones and other portable devices charge the battery for a brief period of time. Then, they stop, check the voltage, and verify the temperature against an internal table before deciding to stop or continue the charging process. The charging regulation required by the battery is performed within the device getting charged, and this design takes advantage of that circuit.


1.6 Limitation of the Project

  1. It can only be recharged with mains supply
  2. The duration of the charged when in used depend on the number of cell used.

1.7 Methodology

To achieve the aim and objectives of this work, the following are the steps involved:

  1. Study of the previous work on the project so as to improve it efficiency.
  2. Draw a block diagram.
  3. Test for continuity of components and devices,
  4. Design of the system was carried out.
  5. Studying of various component used in circuit.
  6. Construct of the system circuit.
  7. Finally, the whole device was cased and final test was carried out.

1.8 Project Work Organisation

The various stages involved in the development of this project have been properly put into five chapters to enhance comprehensive and concise reading. In this project thesis, the project is organized sequentially as follows:

  1. Chapter one of this work is on the introduction to the study. In this chapter, the background, significance, objective limitation and problem of the study were discussed.
  2. Chapter two is on literature review of this study. In this chapter, all the literature pertaining to this work was reviewed.
  3. Chapter three is on design methodology. In this chapter all the method involved during the design and construction were discussed.
  4. Chapter four is on testing analysis. All testing that result accurate functionality was analyzed.
  5. Chapter five is on conclusion, recommendation and references.

Chapter Five


5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

Having carefully selected the entire component that are required for the construction of the charger and built according to the circuit diagram we were able to design and construct a workable rechargeable battery charger.
This charger is not designed for cell phone; otherwise the charge output voltage will not be sufficient to carry out any meaniful charging operation.

As with any charger it must be housed in a clean environment and operations should be by will trained individual.
Protective materials should be worn while charging batteries to avoid danger to health as a result of the gassing from the battery as the gas are highly inflammable.

The charger is very single to use, ever to a Longman all he needs is just a little instruction and it will be accustomed to its method of working.


5.2 Recommendation

This device was designed to be used for charging cellphone. I hereby recommending that should be further improvement demanded from use, mostly in the area of building a work complex and functions charger that could charge cells of higher voltage that might ranges volts and be able to charge more different battery at the sometimes having more than one terminal.


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