Refurbishment And Maintenance Of Aquarium

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology SLT

Refurbishment And Maintenance Of Aquarium


Abstract


In this course of project research, aquarium which is used to house aquatic laboratory animals was refurbished. Refurbishment of aquarium was necessary due to dilapidation of the laboratory equipment used for observation and scientific research. Major parts replaced were the glass used to erect the artificial aquatic habitat using glass gum and tap to seal it. Aquatic plants such as plankton was introduced, water and enabling environment was provided before introducing the inmates. The aims/objectives are to ensure the up keep, survival and maintenance of laboratory animals used for scientific research and observation.


Chapter One


Introduction

Aquarium keeping originated as far back as 1596 when clientele described it as the art of keeping gold fish. The first public aquarium was built at the London Zoological garden in 1953. Recently there is a growing public awareness and interest in aquarium keeping for different purposes. The word aquarium may be referred to as a tank, bowl or a container used for keeping live aquatic organisms – plants and animals. Aquarium also connotes an artificial pool of water (outdoor aquarium) where live aquatic organisms are kept. A building in which series of aquatic organisms are kept is also called aquarium. Such aquarium may be house collection of different aquatic organisms from different parts of the world and from different ecological environments and is often managed and maintained either by an institution, state or private organization for public entertainment.

An aquarium can be specially designed device that acts as an artificial habitat for water dwelling animals. Although most people associate aquarium with tropical fish, aquarium can also be used to house amphibians or large marine mammals. Public aquarium are popular tourist attraction throughout the world and frequent found in zoo’s or marine parks. They are made from reinforced concrete and plastics to create a tank that is large enough to hold the entire underwater ecosystem. Most public aquarium can be considered biotopes, ecotypes or ecotopes since they house plants, fish and invertebrates that will only live together in a natural habitat, sharks and whales are the most species found in public aquaria although others like penquins and other semi-aquatic animals are quite popular (Inyang et al, 2006).


1.1 Aims and Objectives

The objective of this project is keyed in the maintenance and refurbishment of an already existing aquarium in biology laboratory at the Science Laboratory Technology Department IMT Enugu. This is in order to reach out to ignorant students of the purpose and needs of an aquarium, it’s good condition and refurbishment.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

An aquarist owns fish or maintains an aquarium, typically constructed of glass or high-strength acrylic. Cuboid aquaria are also known as fish tanks or simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range from a small glass bowl, under a gallon in volume, to immense public aquaria of several thousand gallons. Specialized equipment maintains appropriate water quality and other characteristics suitable for the aquarium’s residents.


1.3 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

The outcome of this study will educate science laboratory student on how to keep, survival and maintenance of laboratory animals.

This research will be a contribution to the body of literature in the area of refurbishment and maintenance of aquarium, thereby constituting the empirical literature for future research in the subject area.


1.4 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on refurbishment and maintenance of aquarium. The study will also look at other areas of refurbishment and maintenance of aquarium


1.5 Limitation of the Study

There is no study undertaken by a researcher that is perfect. The imperfection of any research is always due to some factors negatively affecting a researcher in the course of carrying out research. Therefore, time constraint has shown no mercy to the research. The limited time has to be shared among many alternative uses, which includes reading, attending lectures and writing of this research, also distance and its attendant costs of travelling to obtain information which may enhance the writing of this study was a major limitation.


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the conclusion and recommendations for further studies.


5.2 Conclusion

An aquarist owns fish or maintains an aquarium, typically constructed of glass or high-strength acrylic. Cuboid aquaria are also known as fish tanks or simply tanks, while bowl-shaped aquaria are also known as fish bowls. Size can range from a small glass bowl, under a gallon in volume, to immense public aquaria of several thousand gallons. Specialized equipment maintains appropriate water quality and other characteristics suitable for the aquarium’s residents.


5.3 Recommendations

  1. Fish keepers should use aquaria to keep fish, invertebrates, amphibians, aquatic reptiles such as turtles, and aquatic plants.
  2. In order to benefit aquarium, fish keepers should hiring an aquarium maintenance company is that it provides a perfect opportunity for periodic aquarium and livestock analysis and reports.
  3. A key part of aquarium maintenance is the water change, which should be performed about every two weeks. In most cases, 10-15% of the tank volume is sufficient. A good method is to replace the water extracted while vacuuming the gravel, which will eliminate uneaten foods and other residues that settle on the substrate.
  4. It is also recommended that regular check of water parameters of both the tank and replacement water should be done to keep the fish alive. Most tap water (city water) contains either chlorine or chloramine.

Refurbishment And Maintenance Of Aquarium


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