Antimicrobial Investigation Of Cymbopogon Citrate (Lemongrass)

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology SLT

Antimicrobial Investigation Of Cymbopogon Citrate (Lemongrass)

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

Cymbopogon citrate is also known as lemon grass is a genus of about 55 species of grasses, native to worm temperature and tropical regions of the old word and oceania. It is fall povennial grass, common names include barbed wire grass, silky heads, citronella grass, fever grass or hierba luisa (Adsimon 2001) among many others.

Lemon grass is native to Indian. It is widely used as a herb in Asaia Cuisine. It has citrus flavor and can be dried and powdered or use fresh. Lemon grass is commonly used on teas, soups and carries it is also suitable for poultry, fish and sea food, it is often used as a tea in African and Latin American. Example of other countries include: Toyo, Mexico, Congo. Research also shows that Lemon grass oil has anti-fungal properties. They are also antispectics, hence are use in household disinfectants, and soaps. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinany purpose, in tea and also in flavoring. Lemon grass oil, used as a pesticide and preservative, it put on the ancient manuscripts found in Indian in oriental research institute mysove.

The lemon grass oil also injects natural fluidity into the brittle palm leaves and the hydrophobic nature of the oil keeps the manuscript dry so that the text is not lost to decay due to humidity. East Indian lemon grass (cymbopogon flexusus) also called cochin grass or malaba grass (malayalami (inchinpull), is native to Cambodia, Indian, strilanaka Burma and Thailand while the west Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon Citrates) also known as serai in malay, is assumed to have its origin in Malaysia. Indonessian people used to call are seral to or search while both can be used interchangeably, but citrates is more suitable for cooking. In India, citrates is used both as a medical herb and in perfumes. Cymbopogon citrate is consumed as a tea for anxiety in Brazilian Folk medicine, but a study in human found no effect.

The tea caused a recurrence of contact thermatitis in on the case lemon grass is also known as gavatichoha in the Marathi language (gavati grass, chaha-tea) and is used as an addition to tear and in preparation like “Kadha” which is a traditional herbal “soup” against cough, cold etc. it has medical properties and is used extensity in ancient Indian Ayhroetic medicines. It is supposed to help with relieving cough and nasal congestion. Anti cancer properties Weinstein, incumbent of the albent katz chair in cell differentiation and malignant disease from the department of microbiology and immunology at Ben Gurion University on Isreal, led a research team and found out that lemon grass (Cybopogon on citrates) caused apoptosis (programmed cell death) (Wristh 2002). Justification objectives of the study.

Chapter Five

5.0 Discussion and Conclusion

5.1 Discussion

The oil extracted from the lemon grass was certified to retain the same properties with standard oil. There is also nolegal constraints on the use of lemon grass and also fema grass (2624) and council of Europe listed extraction of the oil was effectively achieved by steam distillation method. This was preferred to every type of extraction method because it yield a good amount of oil and a high quality when compared with other methods. Te percentage yields and qualities of the oil from lemon grass can be applied in many cosmetics and pharmaceuticals industries as a substitute for these oils imported at exorbitant prices from oversea. It also serve to reduce the costs incurred in the production of most finished products like cosmetics, perfumes, beverages, drugs etc.

Therefore, the aim and objectives of this project work has been achieved the research work, which has been successfully completed, encountered some problems and difficulties on the course of it. These include, the scare availability of the lemon grass at this part of the country. In the midst of the above and other difficulties not withstanding, the purpose and aim of the research work is feasibly arrived at the end.

Its was observed that when the extracted oil was stored in a transparent bottle look dark on colour from far view but greenish yellow at closer look, with is its normal colour.

5.2 Recommendation

On the light of the project work and the above case 1 intend to submit the following recommendation and enhancing the efficiency of the extraction of oiland procurement of these oils overseas.

That effort should also be made by government agencies and agricultural researcher toward finding and bleeding the improved strains of the grass which can with stand adverse climatic conditions especially during dry season. The government should also provide some of the sophisticated and computerized equipment to get the oil maximum yield and of highest quantity.

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