The Electrical Design and Installation Requirements for a Mega Filling Station
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The authors wishes to dedicated this design work to Almighty God, who in his infinite mercy has given us strength, and knowledge throughout the programme and to all those who stand for the growth of education in our beloved country.
We wish to express our profound gratitude to God Almighty, for his mercies and love, and guidance. He gives the grace for the successful completion of this project work.
We also acknowledge our parents and guidance who inspire and support us financially. We are also particularly grateful to Engr Anyaehie for his meticulous supervision over this project work. We also appreciate as many, who in one way or the order has contributed immensely to the successful completion of the project design. May God enlarge your coast in all your endeavours.
A mega filling station can be described from its name –MEGA; which means larger in size. This implies that mega filling station is a large-scale fuel station outlets where fuels of various forms are sold. A typical example is the NNPC MEGA FILLING STATION in the various states of Nigeria. Each of the NNP MEGA FILLING STATION has twenty fuel dispensers while that of Abuja has twenty eight fuel Dispenser pumps.
The electrical Design and installation Requirements of a MEGA FILLING STATION is indispensable as long as electricity is concerned. This project describes the Electrical Design and Installation Requirements for a MEGA FILLING STATION by giving an Architectural Design, Electrical Design, the legend, the Load chart/balancing and fuse arrangement.
The type of wiring system described by this project is the concealed conduit system which employs PVC pipes and its accessories of various sizes, PVC cables of various sizes and electrical fittings of various types.
The chapter one, introduces us into a mega filling station, An electrical Design and installation Requirements. The chapter two, dealt on literature reviews. The chapters three and four dealt on the electrical design and installation requirements for a mega filling station. The chapter five, dealt on conclusion and recommendations.
Table Of Content
- Title page
- Approval page
- Table of content
- 1.0 Introduction
- 1.1 Mega filling station
- 1.2 Electrical Design
- 1.3 Electrical Installation Requirement
- 2.0 Literature Review
- 2.1 History of filling station
- 2.2 Gasoline station
- 2.3 Standard Oil of Nebraska
- 2.4 NNPC Mega Filling Stations
- 3.0 The Electrical Design for a Mega Filling Station
- 3.1 Architectural Design
- 3.2 Electrical design of a mega filling station
- 3.3 Electrical Design of Admin Block
- 3.4 Electrical Design for fence light, canopy lights & motor pumps
- 3.5 Legends
- 4.0 The electrical installation Requirements for a mega filling station
- 4.1 Piping installation stage and its Requirements
- 4.2 The cable installation stage and its Requirements
- 4.3 The fitting of accessories installation stage and its requirements
- 5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
- 5.1 Conclusion
- 5.2 Recommendation
The invention of internal engines gave rise to the need for fuel consumption in our present day. The increase in automobile ownership resulted in a greater demand for filling stations. A filling station can be described as a fuel station outlet where motorists, cyclists, industrial fuel-users, commercial fuel-users and Domestic fuel users purchase fuel of various forms for use. At these outlet, three major fuels stand out, which are PREMIUM SPIRIT (PMS), DIESEL (AGO) and KEROSENE (DPK). The premium spirit is used by motorists whose engines are designed for it, the diesel by diesel-engine automobiles and the kerosene mostly by domestic user at their various houses.
As of 2007, there were 9,271 petrol stations in the U.K, down from about 18,000 in 1992. the U.S.A had 12, 446 filling stations (gas stations) in 2000 according to the census. In the Canada, the number on the decline to about 14,000. In the following countries numbers of stations are rising. Turkey- 12,139 petrol stations (2008), -8,200 petrol stations (2008), South Africa -6,500 petrol stations, Kenya -1,300 petrol stations, Tazania -1000 and Malawi – 500 [from internet:filling station – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia].
As the demand for fuel consumption around the world increases, the need to build more filling stations in various forms and types becomes inevitable. As a result of these development, the name “MEGA FILLING STATION” resulted as one of the various forms and types of filling stations that sells fuel to the public. Other people may choose to call theirs MINI, MEDIUM or any other mane depending on what they have in mind as oil-marketers around the world. The point of interest to us here, is the MEGA FILLING STATION.”
1.1 A Mega Filling Station
It can be described from its name- mega which means some thing bigger or larger in size. This implies that Mega Filling station is a large-scale fuel station outlets where fuels of various forms are sold. A typical example is the NNPC MEGA FILLING STATION around our various states in Nigeria. Each of the NNPC MEGA FILLING STATION has nothing less than twenty fuel dispenser pumps (Ten double nozzle dispensers) and the one in Abuja has twenty eight fuel dispensers pumps (fourteen double nozzle dispensers).
The NNPC mega filling station has a steel canopy, a 360 sqm shop building for Abuja (and 160 sqm for other states) with office and attendant’s room. The facility also has bullet proofed casher room, car workshop, sound-proofed generator house, a forecourt and perimeter fence.
1.2 Electrical Design
The design of a mega filling station and its attendant gadgets makes electricity an inevitable source of power supply. Base on this fact, there must be an electrical design that must give a blue-print on which a Mega filling station must be wired.
An electrical design is a design describing a blue-print or pattern in which structures like a building, an industrial lay outs, a community or such like can be wired electrically. It is designed by an electrical engineer with various symbols representing various features or electrical accessories in the actual structure based on the Architectural design from an Architect.
Along side an electrical design is a table of symbols called “LEGEND”. The legend contains all the symbols found in the electrical design of the structure with an explanation attached to each symbol, telling those who look into it what they mean.
Another feature attached to the electrical design, is the ‘LOAD CHART AND BALANCING TABLE”. This feature explains how loads are distributed and balanced in the Distribution Board of the structure design electrically by the electrical engineer. Another important feature of the electrical design, is the FUSE ARRANGEMENT. This feature is so important to the design because it specifically stipulates the ratings of each fuse and the circuit coming into it from the designed structure. It shows whether the structure is a single phase or three phase system and the ratings of fuses allocated to each phase. It also reveals that the earthling must be connected to the body of the Distribution Board which links the whole Earthing of the structure. The various sizes of cables required can be seen at a glance from that fuse arrangement design. Things like gear switch and change-over switch are also necessary for such a structure like filling station.
1.3 Electrical Installation Requirement
The electrical installation requirements differ from one design to the other and from one structure to the other. The following are necessary in an electrical installation of a building:
- Lighting points
- Socket outlets
- Air condition outlets
- Hot water Heater
- PVC cables of the required sizes
- Earthing system
- Accessories of the required types
- Distribution board of the required types
- Change-over switch
- Main control Gear switch
The list above is just to give an idea of some basic electrical installation requirements for a building. These requirements can be used for surface, concealed conduit or trunk wiring.
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How to nail it on the head during your project defence
You are through with writing that project. Now what?
You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.
- How am I going to start?
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You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.
I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.
Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.
Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:
Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.
Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:
Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.
Speak With Authority:
Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.
Use, Your Gestures:
I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.
Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:
Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.
Make Sure You Know Your Work:
Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.
Prepare For The Questions:
Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.
These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.