The Economic Burden Of Cervical Cancer Among Patients Aged 40-45 In The Oncology Department Of The Federal Medical Center

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The Economic Burden Of Cervical Cancer Among Patients Aged 40-45 In The Oncology Department Of The Federal Medical Center


โ€‹Research Questions


  1. What are the direct medical costs incurred by cervical cancer patients aged 40-45, including expenses for diagnosis, treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy), hospitalization, and follow-up care?.
  2. What are the indirect costs associated with cervical cancer, such as loss of income, productivity, and other socioeconomic impacts on patients and their families?.
  3. What are the extent of out-of-pocket expenses borne by cervical cancer patients and their families, and how these expenses influence their financial stability and access to care?.

Research Hypothesis


Hypothesis 1: Direct Medical Costs

  • Null Hypothesis (H01): There are no significant direct medical costs incurred by cervical cancer patients aged 40-45, including expenses for diagnosis, treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy), hospitalization, and follow-up care.
  • Alternative Hypothesis (H11): There are significant direct medical costs incurred by cervical cancer patients aged 40-45, including expenses for diagnosis, treatment (surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy), hospitalization, and follow-up care.

Hypothesis 2: Indirect Costs

  • Null Hypothesis (H02): There are no significant indirect costs associated with cervical cancer, such as loss of income, productivity, and other socioeconomic impacts on patients and their families.
  • Alternative Hypothesis (H12): There are significant indirect costs associated with cervical cancer, such as loss of income, productivity, and other socioeconomic impacts on patients and their families.

Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Specific Objectives
  • 1.5 Research Questions
  • 1.6 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.7 Significance of the Study
  • 1.8 Scope of the Study
  • 1.9 Operational Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptual Review
  • 2.2.1 Economic Impact of Chronic Illnesses
  • 2.2.2 Cost Components in Cancer Care
  • 2.2.3 Socioeconomic Consequences of Cancer Treatment
  • 2.3 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.3.1 Framework for Assessing Economic Burden
  • 2.3.2 Interrelationship Between Direct and Indirect Costs
  • 2.3.3 Model of Financial Stress in Cancer Patients
  • 2.4 Theoretical Review
  • 2.4.1 Health Economics Theory in Cancer Care
  • 2.4.2 Theories of Healthcare Utilization
  • 2.4.3 Socioeconomic Theory of Health and Illness
  • 2.5 Empirical Stud
  • 2.6 Summary of Literature Review

Chapter Three:

Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Research Setting
  • 3.3 Target Population
  • 3.4 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.5 Sampling Technique
  • 3.6 Instruments for Data Collection
  • 3.7 Validity of Instruments
  • 3.8 Reliability of Instruments
  • 3.9 Methods of Data Collection
  • 3.10 Methods of Data Analysis
  • 3.11 Ethical Consideration
  • 3.12 Inclusion Criteria

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation

  • 4.1 Presentation of Results Using Tables and Figures
  • 4.2 Test of Hypotheses
  • Test of Hypotheses: Direct Medical Costs
  • Test of Hypotheses: Indirect Costs
  • Anova Table: Economic Impact on Financial Burden
  • Contingency Table: Financial Burden and Employment Status
  • Regression Analysis: Financial Burden Prediction
  • 4.3 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Discussion of Findings

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of Findings/discussion of Findings
  • 5.3 Implications of Findings
  • 5.4 Limitations of the Study
  • 5.5 Summary of the Study
  • 5.6 Conclusion
  • 5.7 Recommendations
  • 5.8 Suggestions for Further Studies
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

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