Causes, Management And Perception Of Breast Cancer Among Female Students Of Faculty Of Social Sciences, Delta State University, Abraka

Project and Seminar Material for Pharmaceutical Science

Causes, Management And Perception Of Breast Cancer Among Female Students Of Faculty Of Social Sciences, Delta State University, Abraka


Abstract


Background: Breast Cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Early detection of breast cancer has helped in proper diagnosis and treatment which has reduced the mortality rate of women with breast cancer.

Objective: This study was conducted to determine the causes, management and perception of breast cancer among female student of the faculty of social sciences of Delta State University, Abraka. This study aimed to evaluate the awareness of the female students on breast cancer, source of information, possible risk factors and self breast examination among these students.

Method: Using a descriptive cross-sectional study design, a valid and reliable structured questionnaire was self administered to a sampled population of 240 female students aged between 15years and above from 100L to 500L. Information gathered were demographic variable information, knowledge on breast cancer and personal data on breast cancer. Data was analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS) for windows version 21.0. Frequencies, percentages, chat and p.value were generated.

Result: The study revealed that majority 213 (88.8%) of the respondents have heard of breast cancer while 27(11.3%) have no knowledge on breast cancer. The main source of information was the internet (46.6%). One hundred and sixty-five (68.8%) of the respondents reported to know the risk factors of breast cancer while 128(53.3%) regularly observe or feel their breast for changes. It was also discovered that only 5(2.1%) of the respondent have or had have breast cancer.

Conclusion: From the study carried out it was discovered that although most of the respondents have heard of breast cancer very few of them have adequate knowledge. This was deducted from their response. Twenty three (27.5%) of the respondents gave no response on the symptoms 66 (27.5%) of the respondents have no knowledge on the risk factors 101 (42.1%) do not regularly observe or feel their breast for changes. Appropriate interventions are needed to encourage aware and adequate knowledge on breast cancer.

Key words: respondents, information, knowledge


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

This pilot study was conducted within the convenient sample at the faculty of social sciences of Delta state university, Abraka only. Therefore, it does not reflect the knowledge of all female students. It is evident from the study results that a vast number of the respondents had heard of breast cancer from different sources, with internet been the most prominent source due to advancement in technology. Although there was poor knowledge on the signs and symptoms and the risk factors of breast cancer and very few of the respondents regularly observe their breast for changes at the appropriate time which is once a month.


5.2 Recommendations

Health behaviors acquired early in life have an influence on future health. The findings of this study showed that there is low level of knowledge on breast cancer risk factors, early warning signs and observation of breast for changes among female students of the faculty of social sciences Delta State University, Abraka. There is a need to raise the knowledge of university students about the risks of breast cancer and benefits of early detection. Health care workers should develop effective breast health programs targeting youth to help females to gain


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