The Study Of Reference Tools In The Library Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

The Study Of Reference Tools In The Library Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri


The study revealed the different types of reference tools that are available in the library from chapter one to five which tell how reference tools provided is to make patrons become effective users of library reference tools and meet their needs and also for information seekers and users. The study also revealed the problems that Federal Polytechnic Nekede encounter in providing reference tools and their solutions, recommendations and conclusion of the study.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Question
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Operational definition of terms
  • References

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Non book resources
  • 2.3 Human resources
  • 2.4 Information resources
  • 2.5 Almanacs and year book
  • 2.6 Bibliographies & literature reviews
  • 2.7 Biographical dictionaries & encyclopedia
  • 2.8 Concordances
  • 2.9 Dictionaries
  • 2.10 Thesauri
  • 2.11 Directories
  • 2.12 Encyclopedia
  • 2.13 Field guide
  • 2.14 Gazettes and atlases
  • 2.15 Handbooks and manuals
  • 2.16 Indexes and abstracts
  • 2.17 Inter- library loan services
  • 2.18 Reader’s services advisory
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Procedure & Methodology

  • 3.1. Research design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size and sampling technique
  • 3.4 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.5 The questionnaire
  • 3.6 Procedure for data collection
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Result and Discussion

  • 4.1 Tables

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusions and Recommendation

  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix I
  • Appendix II

List Of Tables

  • Table 1: The following reference tools that are available in the library
  • Table 2: Types of Encyclopedia that are in the library
  • Table 3: The reference tools that are readily available to users
  • Table 4: Are there problems in acquiring reference tools in the library
  • Table 5: The problems in acquiring reference tools in the library

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

The Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri was established by edit No 16 of 1978. It opened for classes on the 19th December 1978 at a temporary site in the premises of the government trade centre along Egbu road, Owerri with initial of 275 students. In 1980, the college of education as was its name then was moved to its permanent site in Nekede Owerri. The name of the college was later changed to Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.

In 1987 by the edict No 6 of 1987, it was further renamed Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri by the federal government Amendment decree of 1993 of 1st January 1993. Its motto ”knowledge and skill for service” which has been demonstrated by the quality of graduates and professional that the school has produced over the years. The polytechnic offers full and part time National diploma (ND), Higher National Diploma (HND) and certificate programmes.


Academic libraries are the heart of the learning community providing a place for students and faculty to do their research and advance their knowledge (Simmonds,2011) however, one major challenge that academic libraries has been facing with is security problems, that is how to secure their valuable resources collected overtime.

Akinfoladirin (1992) observed that one of the serious problems that have bothered libraries from the earliest time to the present is how to ensure the security problems of library materials especially against their theft and mutilation.
Bello (1998) asserted that not all thefts are committed by patrons; some library staff takes materials from the library without ducking them out. This kind of theft according to Lonazon (1996) is one of the hardest to prevent since library employees know how to defect the security system. it is important to ensure that the security is performed as seamlessly as possible without interfering with the library’s objective of providing a user friendly environment.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

It had earlier been stated that library is the heart beat of every institution, if the reference tools are provided, it is not provided the way it should be. This research work therefore was undertaken to carry out a detailed research on improvement and recommendation of reference tools available for use where it is appropriate.

The problems under study include:

  1. Inadequate resources provided
  2. Staff and users not making good use of the resources
  3. The users are not keeping to the instruction received or given
  4. Resources are not properly organized.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

Users may come into the library, consult the main catalogue and falsely assume that they have searched the entire contents of the library. The catalogue may confirm the holding of a periodical (magazine or journal) but not its contents, a poetry collection but not individual poems, the table of an author’s collected works but not individual news stories, indexes and abstracts are created and becomes extremely useful tolls to more fully reveal detail resources not covered in the more general catalogue.

The study aims at achieving the following objectives:

  1. To identify the reference tools available in the library of Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.
  2. To ascertain the services provided by Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri Library.
  3. To identify the factors that militates against the federal Polytechnic library.
  4. To make recommendations for better position of reference tools in Federal polytechnic Nekede Library.

1.4 Research Question

The following research questions become important in this study.

  1. What types of reference tools are available in Federal Polytechnic Nekede Library?
  2. What type of reference services are provided by Federal Polytechnic Nekede Library?
  3. What are the problems associated with the acquisition of reference tools?
  4. Are the subject areas adequately covered by the available reference tools?

1.5 Scope Of The Study

Reference tools for youth is an essential book for school and libraries as well as reference librarians and Paraprofessionals working in children’s and young adult services, professors and instructors will find it useful as a textbook for library and information studied courses.

The research centers on academic library reference tools. This study is designed to concentrate and expose the problems hindering the adequate reference tools provided by the library under study.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

There are those who stand to benefit from this study. They will include among others staff of the library. Staff will benefit from the resources effectively for the benefit of the users. The users of the library will benefit from the services and resources provided by their parent institution if accepted the institution given by the librarian in charge of the services.

1.7 Operational Definition Of Terms

I have no great opinion of a definition; (uncertainty and confusion) Burke (1751). To avoid uncertainty and confusion, the following terms and concepts that appeared at the various parts in this study assume the following meaning in this research.


Are materials provided for library users and they are informed through books and non- book materials.


Is the act of giving instruction and guides to library users for them to get the right books at the right time for successful research.

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion And Recommendation

This chapter contains the conclusion and recommendation given by the researcher in reference tools by finding of the research. The conclusion and recommendation were based on the objectives of the research project as well as the finding of the study.

5.1 Conclusion

This research work studied the availability of reference tools in Federal Polytechnic Nekede library Owerri. Based on the finding of the research, it is imperative to state that the objectives of this research work has been achieved, the analysis of the data collected showed that the first objective of the study which intend to establish the need for reference tools in Federal Polytechnic Nekede library Owerri has been achieved for instance, Federal Polytechnic

Nekede has made much progress in acquisition of materials from different agencies.
Secondly, the objectives which intend to identify the nature and means of selecting and acquiring these material in Federal Polytechnic Nekede library has been achieved. This is because the agencies that have their materials in Federal Polytechnic Library is satisfied by the service of the library under study. The materials selected and acquired by the staff of Federal Polytechnic Nekede library Owerri is always on the safe land, though there are some obstacles which impedes from getting it faster from the agencies that want their materials to be in the library custody. Lack of vehicle is one of the obstacles as mentioned by the archivist in Federal Polytechnic Nekede.

5.2 Recommendation

Based on the analyzed factor militating against the utilization of library material in Federal Polytechnic Nekede library Owerri have been looked into. The researcher suggested that the body in charge of libraries have to come to the aid and finding solutions to the problem of vehicles needed by Federal Polytechnic Nekede library to transfer materials from the depositing agencies to the libraries custody.

In the light of the findings, the researcher recommends the following:

  1. There should be improved financial allocation to Federal Polytechnic Nekede library Owerri by the international council of libraries. (ICA)
  2. There should be proper orientation of staff by the archivist on the reference tools of the library to enable them perform their professional role effectively.

The researcher also recommends that all the Nigerian government present both state and federal level should by law be required to publish and contribute weekly list of all materials they published weekly. To allocate these problems, the respondents proffered that government should not put restriction on the document. Adequate fund should also be made available to carryout reference tools in the library also, qualified personnel should be recruited.

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