Assessment Of Undergraduate Programme Of Library And Information Science In Selected Library Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Assessment Of Undergraduate Programme Of Library And Information Science In Selected Library Schools


Abstract


The study title “Assessment of Undergraduate degree Programmes of Library and Information Science available in the library schools in Northern states of Nigeria” was embarked upon in order to investigate Undergraduate degree programme of library and information science in selected University-base library schools in Northern states of Nigeria. Six research questions were formulated and answered. A survey research methodology was adopted .and documentary sources and semi-structured questionnaire were the instruments used to collect data. The responses from the sampled of the four library schools and their lecturers under study numbering 70 were studied and analyzed, using frequency tables and percentages and suggestions are made. The study discovered the degree programmes of library and information science available are, Bachelor of Library and Information Science (B. LIS), B- Tech. Library and Information Science (LIS) and B-Tech. Library and Information Technology (LIT) The requirement for admission into Bachelor’s Degree programme are through UTME/post-UME and Direct-entry (DE).


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the study

Library science education and training programme in Nigeria is linked to the general social and political history of the country. The mode of library education and training in Nigeria during the colonial period up to 1960 was conducted through short courses organized for the staff of local reading rooms and the Native Authority libraries. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s Library Science Education in many of the former British Colonies derived its educational and professional structures from the United Kingdom (UK) standard. Carroll (2011) reported that, the British model for library science education included training in the workplace in an apprenticeship mode and eventually involved examinations in both general and specialist knowledge set by the local professional association or Library Association (LA) of U K. However, the only method of becoming a librarian in Nigeria was by taking the Associate ship of the British Library Association (ALA), either by attending British library schools or by correspondence courses offered by the British Association of Assistant Librarians or by part-time study. This was the practice after the collapse of the regional library training institute established at Achimota Ganah in 1944, to help prepare the first corps of librarians for Nigeria and other Anglophone countries of West Africa. (Ahmed 2012) The ALA training was mostly foreign-oriented and the services in the existing libraries where the products worked were not customized towards meeting the increasing local demands for library services. As more libraries were established in Nigeria to provide information support to the users, the need was expressed for trained librarians to run the services. According to Otike, (2012) initially, the early libraries were manned by expatriate librarians educated in the west; therefore something had to be done to train librarians locally. Situation was made worse with the departure of expatriate librarians immediately after independence. The concept of Library and Information Science (LIS) has been explained by various scholars. Singh (2008) defined LIS as a profession concerned with the knowledge and skill by which records of human communication are collected organized and utilized, the librarian is a mediator between man and the graphic records that his and previous generations have produced and the goal of librarian is to maximize the social utility of these records for the benefit of humanity. Similarly, Ozioko and Nwabueze (2010) further lamented that, LIS as a discipline concerned with the study of the principles and skills required for systematic collection, organization and use of society’s information resources in libraries. Library science programmes focus intensively on the organizational structures that contain.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

As more libraries were established in Nigeria to provide information support to the users, the need was expressed for trained librarians to run the services. According to Otike, (2012) initially, the early libraries were manned by expatriate librarians educated in the west; therefore something had to be done to train librarians locally. On this background the researcher wants to investigate the assessment of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools.


1.3 Objective Of The Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. 1. To assess the undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools
  2. 2. To ascertain the relationship between undergraduate programme of library and information science in library school
  3. 3. To ascertain whether undergraduate programme of library provide the necessary information for science

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  • H0: there is no relationship between undergraduate programme of library and information science in library school
    H1: there is relationship between undergraduate programme of library and information science in library school
  • H02: undergraduate programme of library do not provide the necessary information for science
    H2:  undergraduate programme of library provide the necessary information for science

1.5 Significance Of Study

This study will give a clear insight on assessment of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools. The study will be beneficial to students, ministry of education, library schools and the general public. The study will serve as a reference to others researcher that will embark on this topic.


1.6 Scope And Limitation Of The Study

The scope of the study covers assessment of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability Of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational Privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition Of Terms

Undergraduate:

An undergraduate degree (also called first degree, bachelor’s degree or simply degree) is a colloquial term for an academic degree taken by a person who has completed undergraduate courses. It is usually offered at an institution of higher education, such as a university.

Library:

A library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing.

Information Science:

Information science is the science and practice dealing with the effective collection, storage, retrieval, and use of information. It is concerned with recordable information and knowledge, and the technologies and related services that facilitate their management and use.

Assessment:

Assessments are also designed in a variety of ways for different purposes: Standardized assessments are designed, administered, and scored in a standard, or consistent, manner.


1.8 Organization Of The Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain assessment of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools


5.2 Summary

This study was on assessment of undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools. Three objectives were raised which included:To assess the undergraduate programme of library and information science in selected library schools, to ascertain the relationship between undergraduate programme of library and information science in library school, to ascertain whether undergraduate programme of library provide the necessary information for science. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff ofUniversity of Nassarawa state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up librarians,senior lecturersjunior lecturers and graduate assistantswas used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

On the contrary of other degrees in different fields, bachelor degree in Library and Information Science was the least offered degree in Library and Information Science schools; in that the majority of schools offer other degrees like masters, PhD, school library media program, post master certificates, etc more than bachelor degrees. The reason behind this might relate and refer to the job market, where the basic requirement for most job placements was postgraduate degrees.


5.4 Recommendation

Hence, the field of LIS as an academic discipline with a brilliant background in the country’s higher education system suffers from the problems that may seriously threaten the future of this field. Thus, there is a necessity that requires planners to act to make the necessary 13 changes in its structure over the time. Fortunately, there have done worthy attempts to update the headlines of LIS. Certainly, when LIS can continue to exist in the system of higher education that all teachers, scholars, experts and students in this discipline act in a manner that ,in addition to maintain its philosophy, provide a way to better practical affairs in the IT world.


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