Utilization Of School Library Resources By Secondary School Students In Owerri Urban (A Case Study Of Federal Government Girls College Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Utilization Of School Library Resources By Secondary School Students In Owerri Urban (A Case Study Of Federal Government Girls College Owerri)


The research is concerned with the study of the utilization of school library resources by secondary school students of federal government’s college, Owerri.

The study was carried out based on some objectives. These include period students visit the library, purpose for students use of the library, available resources for students use, satisfaction derived from the use of library resources, extent of information provisioning, problems militating against utilization of library resources and recommendations for effective utilization.

The survey research method was used in carrying out research. The instrument for data collection is the questionnaire and interview schedule. The simple frequency percentage tables were used in presenting and analyzing the data.

The findings of the study, among others are that the students use of the library to prepare for examination and execute their class assignment use of library during break and consult available resources for their use. Others include the extent of information needs. Provisioning, users receive little satisfaction for services provided and a lot of problems militating against the management and utilization of school libraries.

Premised on the findings, some recommendations are made. The study concluded stating that of the proffered recommendations to be handled holistically rather than in isolation, if done school libraries would be repositioned for effective management and resource utilization.

List Of Table

  • Table 1: Distribution and return of questionnaire
  • Table 2: Periods students visit the library.
  • Table 3: Purpose for student’s use of the library
  • Table 4: Available materials for students use
  • Table 5: Satisfaction derived from the use of library resources.
  • Table 6: Extent of information needs provisioning
  • Table 7: Problems of utilization
  • Table 8: Solutions by students for effective utilization of library resources.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • List Of Tables
  • Table Of Contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Brief history of federal government girls college Owerri and its library
  • 1.2 Introduction
  • 1.3 The Statement of Problem
  • 1.4 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Question
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Significance of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Operational basic concepts
  • References

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 The Concept of School Libraries
  • 2.2 The History of School Libraries in Nigeria
  • 2.3 The Nature of School Library Collection
  • 2.4 The School Library and News Media
  • 2.5 Functions of School Library
  • 2.6 Teacher – Librarian and Utilization Resources
  • 2.7 User – Education and Utilization of Resources in school libraries.
  • 2.8 Under – Utilization of School Library
  • 2.9 Ways of Enhancing Effective Utilization of School Libraries Resources
  • Reference

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 The Population of Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Technique
  • 3.4 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.5 The Questionnaire
  • 3.6 Data Needed for the Study
  • 3.7 Procedure of Data Presentation Analysis
  • 3.8 Method of Data Presentation and Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Analysis

  • 4.1 Distribution and Return of Questionnaire
  • 4.2 Period Students Visit the Library
  • 4.3 Purpose for Students Use of the Library
  • 4.4 Available Materials for Students Use
  • 4.5 Satisfaction Derived from the use of Library Resources
  • 4.6 Extent of Information Provision
  • 4.7 Problem Militating Against Utilization of Library Resources
  • 4.8 Solutions by Students for Effective Utilization of School Library Resources
  • 4.9 Summary of the Findings

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion and Recommendations of the Study

  • 5.1 Conclusion of the Study
  • 5.2 Recommendations of the Study
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix I: Letter of Introduction
  • Appendix II: Questionnaire for Students

Chapter One


1.1 Brief Historical Background Of Federal Government Girls College, Owerri And Its Library

Federal Government Girls College Owerri was founded on the 11th of November 1973 by the federal Government of Nigeria. It is situated along Owerri/Okigwe road. The school enjoys a staff disposition of 166- which is made up of 47 males and 119 female staff both academic and non academic.

The school library started off immediately with the school. It is situated north west of the school compound. The library has just one librarian, one library officer and four library assistants. They organize library orientation to new students once every year. This is done to show the students the types of materials in the library and how to effectively use them. the books are arranged according to subjects in the shelves. there is also a reference section where reference materials like encyclopedia are kept.

There is no audio-visual studio set apart for keeping audio-visual resources, rather they are scattered in different rooms and laboratories. The schools audio resources include audio tape recorder, piano, flute and other sound producing instruments.

Their visual aids are charts, maps, specimens and models which are centered mainly on Biology and Chemistry, Computer and some other equipment used in carrying out experiments in the physics and chemistry laboratories. The school librarian is Mrs. Rose Mary Enwerem. The source of information was through personal interview of the librarian and school documentation.

1.2 Introduction

A library according to Jonathan Crowther (2000) “Is a storehouse of knowledge”. It is the repository of information and information sources. A library collects, organizes, stores and disseminates information. Thus, it is a resource center for students, teachers, researchers and others. The library provides answers to specific and general information queries and problems. There are different types of libraries which represents different categories of people professions shades of opinion. We have the public libraries special libraries, academic school libraries.

A school library is an indispensable unit in any school regardless of its educational philosophy, thus an organized collection of books (reference books and for home reading) placed in a school under the care of a teacher librarian for teachers and students.

In the words of Iroha (2001) he defines “a school library as a collection of a wide variety of library materials and resources housed in each school, centrally organized by staff, professionally prepared to offer services to students and teachers that will enrich and support the educational enterprises”. This is to say, a school library assists and supports the educational programme of the school by storing instructional materials for use in teaching and learning.

Harold (2000) “Is of the view that a school library is an organized collection of books placed in school for use by both the teachers and students”. School libraries can also be said to be a miniaturized intellectual power house or information center found in primary school secondary schools and teachers training colleges. That is a stepping stone toward a child intellectual development. In a nutshell, Onwubiko and Uzoigwe (2004) defined school as the learning laboratory of the school equipped with books, magazines, newspaper, audio visual materials, aimed at enhancing effective teaching and learning on the part of teachers and students.

In order to create an environment full of literature and cultivate the habit of using information materials for necessary teaching tools lead to the establishment of school libraries. The then eastern Nigeria ministry of education recognized school library “as an education institution.”. the provision of school libraries to improve standard in education delivery has been well articulated in the national policy of education (1999). Emphasizing the need for school libraries, the policy states among others.

Libraries are one of the most important education services. Every state ministry of education needs ought to provide funds for the establishment of libraries in all our educational institutions. A good library is a sine qua non for qualitative education and are instruments for the enhancement, the utilization of the library resources by students serves the purpose for research work, inspiration, communication among students and the fulfillment of programme in the curriculum.

The proper utilization has enabled students to seek knowledge in books in order that in the process, they may become efficient and enthusiastic readers and also the integration on the use of the use of audio encourage them to become adapted to the use of audio visual. It also creates room for relaxation and enjoyment. As the school has a need for students, so far as their minds are concerned to develop the abilities to think, contemporary library media programmes have approached this task through concerted and articulated efforts design not only to provide students with an appreciation of literature, but also to teach and how to locate, retrieve and evaluate the work of information contained in the graphic, recorded and printed records in the belief that such skills are essential for survival in a rapidly changing world.

One cannot talk of the effective utilization of library resources without considering the role of the teacher libraries. The teacher-librarian in other words known as the library media specialist promotes access to a broad range of information and ideas, in order to assist students in acquiring the knowledge and skills that will help equip them not only to locate but also evaluate and use information effectively and thereby, becoming information literature. Their services and tasks contribute directly to the development of these skills.

These include collection development, organizations for retrieval of materials and information, information guidance services, materials production, student instruction and instructional development services. School libraries are more concentrated on the physical object collected rather than their intellectual contents i.e. (stressing, cover over content). All too often they regrettably also provide instruction in every conceivable skill and in every form of information sources available. In individual students fundamental mental processes, including their developmental aspects are often neglected and the implication for both teachers and students helping the young develop the ability to think about how they are using information to solve problems are frequently ignored. These and others are among the militators to effective utilization of library resources by secondary school students.

1.3 The Statement Of Problem

The nature of the existence of our school libraries sows that there is non utilization of the library resources. This is to say that storing of information materials in libraries, no matter how relevant without utilizing the materials by users amounts to library defeat.

This is attributed to some factors such as time usage of the library, reasons for going to the library, resources used by students, resources that are of high demand by students. The study will therefore, identify and ascertain the effect of all these variables and proffer solutions to them based on what the findings would be.

1.4 Objectives Of The Study

The objectives of this study are as follows:

  1. To determine the particular period students visit the library
  2. To determine the purpose for students utilization of school library.
  3. To identify the resources available for students use and know the satisfaction they derived.
  4. To determine the extent to which the students use of library resources satisfy their information need.
  5. To investigate the problem that hinders effective utilization of information resources in the library by students.

1.5 Research Questions

The following research questions have been formulated to guide this work

  1. At what period do students visit the library ?
  2. What are the reasons for students use of the library?
  3. What are the resources available in the school library for use by students and what satisfaction do they derive?
  4. To what extent are students of the library satisfy their information needs?
  5. What are the impediments to the utilization of library resources by the secondary school students?

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study is on the problems of the utilization of school libraries resources by the students of secondary school in Imo State specifically by students of Federal Government Girls’ College Owerri. This research focuses on student’s attitude and view concerning visiting the library the resources. The target of the study is to identify basic problems and proffer solutions to them.

1.7 Significance Of The Study

The study is aimed at examining the utilization of library resources by secondary students in their school libraries. The study will go a long way in providing basic information to school principles and education board on the need for the development of school library resources that will appeal to both the educational and recreational needs of students. The result of the study will reveal the general state of school libraries and their resources and the students’ views and attitude towards the use of the library.

One significance of this study is that the teacher librarian would be able to put forward proposals to their principals for the betterment of library and information services to the students of their schools. It is hoped that the findings and recommendations of the study will contribute immensely to the improvement of the management and utilization of school libraries resources in Imo State.

1.8 Definition Of Operational Basic Concepts

i. Audio –Visual:

Those information materials that are not dependent on reaching tools rather that through the sense of sights as visual resources. (Jonathan Crowder 2000).

ii. Library Resources:

Books and printed materials meant to convey information to the clientele (Madu 2003).

iii. Resource Center:

Room that houses the information material be it printed or non-printed materials for clientele use (Edward;1993).

iv. Collection Development:

The provision of well equipped information laboratory that can serve as a basic resource for students who require on going exposure to a wide range of different ideas. (Mancall, Aaron and Walker 1999).

vi. Library Policy:

Guide line and standard on how the operations and services of the library should be carried out. (Onwubiko and Uzoigwe 2004)

vii. Teacher-Librarian:

Professional who is shouldered with the responsibility of supervising the services and operations in the library. he may be a teacher who acquired the training of a librarian. (Onwubiko and Uzoigwe 2004)

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion And Recommendations Of The Study

5.1 Conclusion Of Study

From the findings of the study for objective one(1) the study revealed that students only use the library during break hours. For objective 2, we can say that it has been achieved. This is because the study has been able to reveal that students only use the library to prepare for exams and do class assignments. In view of this we can conclude that the school has no library hour session in its curriculum. We can also conclude that the students have not been exposed to any use of library lesson. It has also not been inculcated into the students the habit of the use of library for independent learning and research.

In respect to objective three, the study has revealed that the students use a variety of library resources with the least sought after being the A.V resources, this objective has been achieved, he can conclude that the students are not aware of the existence of A.V resources as media of education and entertainment information. We can attribute this ignorance to the non-use of the resources by the teachers to demonstrate some of their techniques and that students are not given project based and do it yourself assignment using A.V resources are not given project based and do it yourself assignment using average resources. We can also conclude that ignorance and non request for A.V resources could be as a result that non acquisition of these resources by the library. The study in respect to objective four has revealed that there bare lots of materials that could not be located by students. This objective has been achieved. We can draw many conclusions on this, we can first conclude that the collection of the library is not balanced, complete and comprehensive as to cover all subject areas in scope and formats. We can also conclude that the library’s collection development process was not based on the curriculum and academic/information needs of the uses. We can also find their ways in locating these materials because they have not been exposed to any formal use of the library lesson. We can also draw a conclusion that they needed assistance and there was no one to help them out. We can finally conclude that these materials are not properly processed well organized and stored for easy location and retrieval. The objective five of the study has been achieved. The study has revealed that there are a lot of factors that adversely affects the management and utilization of school libraries. The study further revealed that there are measures that could be put in place to reposition the library to the track of effective management, performance and utilization. From the revelation of the study, we can however conclude that unless these measures are assessed, handled and implemented holistically, rather than in isolation, the library will not be achieved. We can also conclude that unless board of governors, the principal and teachers-librarian work as a team, these positive measures would not be handled effectively.

5.2 Recommendations Of The Study

It is imperative to present the recommendation of the study to achieve the desires of five objectives of the study. As the study has revealed that the library is mainly used be students to prepare for exams and do class assignments. This implies that the library is under utilized to this therefore; the study is recommending that school should include the use of library programme in its curriculum. The reason for this recommendation is for the independent study and research. The study has further revealed that the students use library mainly during break. The study is recommending that the school should restructure its programmes and curriculum to encourage all day usage of the library. On the resources used by students, the study has revealed that they use a variety of resources; it is only A.V resources that are least consulted. Consequent upon this, the study is recommending that the library collection should be all embracing to accommodate the variety of resources used by students.

In the same vein, the library should also go ahead to acquire A.V resources as to make its collection complete. The awareness on the availability and importance of these A.V resources in inculcating the knowledge and skill of life long education into the students. The study has equally revealed that a lot of information resources could not be located. Therefore, the study is recommending that the library matrerials should be properly processed and organized for easy location and retrieval of information materials. The library should build a collection that is complete and comprehensive and the collection of the library should be developed based on the curriculum of the school and identified information needs of the students. Generally as revealed by the study the student will like to use a variety of resources. The study is therefore recommending that the library should build a collection that is wide in scope and format and also the teacher-librarian should on periodic basis administer questionnaire to determine their enhancing information needs.

The study also revealed that users are completely not satisfied with the services provided by the library. the study is therefore recommending that the library should completely overhaul its activities and programmes to be in line with the needs of the students. It is also recommending that the library should evolve a collection development policy and process that will accommodate the feelings and suggestions of the students. Based on the suggestions of both the school authority and students. The study is further recommending that the school generally be adequately funded. The resulting effect of this will be a positive turn around should in their provision of the needs of the library. The library should also be provided with the quantum and quality of staff required. This will facilitate the proper organization and storage of library resources. The researcher observed that the presented teacher-librarian is not in any way qualified fro the post. She has no library and information science background, so the library should be provided with a qualified with a qualified teacher-librarian, library assistance and students library helpers. The school authority should also consider it a top priority in providing the library with needed equipment, infrastructure and a befitting accommodation than the present two room accommodation, generating set (power) and air conditioner as well as T.V and VCD sets for lesson.

The library should also book for a way of introducing some relaxation programme like indoor games such as Ludo, Whot, Draft etc for playing. The full and successful implementations of these recommendations need the team spirit of the board of governors, the school principal and the teacher-librarian. It is therefore, hoped that the holistic implementation of these recommendation rather than isolations implementation would definitely achieve the desires of positively repositioning the library for effective management performance and utilization.

Utilization Of School Library Resources By Secondary School Students In Owerri Urban (A Case Study Of Federal Government Girls College Owerri)

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