Implementation Of Virtual Library Project In Nigerian Colleges Of Education: Challenges And Prospects (A Case Study Of College Of Education, Gindiri Of Plateau State)

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Implementation Of Virtual Library Project In Nigerian Colleges Of Education: Challenges And Prospects (A Case Study Of College Of Education, Gindiri Of Plateau State)


Abstract


The current study sought to investigate the challenges and prospects of implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education using a case study of College of Education, Gindiri of Plateau State. This study adopted a survey research design. The target population for this study is the students of College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State, Nigeria. The sampling technique used was the convenient random sampling technique this is suitable for a study of this nature with a case study. 100 students were used. Question one reveals the benefits to include creating variety of access services for searching, browsing and discovering resources (76.3%), organizing and indexing digital objectives for different purpose which includes cataloging, finding aids and database (71.0%), enhancing the reduction of loan and acquisition of academic materials and collections (80.5%), enhancing comprehensive storage of large repository of data that can be accessed by authorized users (73.5%), and reducing the cost of maintaining a traditional library (79.0%). Question two shows the challenges to include Inadequate funding (73.0%), spend more money on computer hardware and software and licensing (77.0%), insufficient training of librarians in new technologies (80.5%), cost of acquiring proper technological infrastructure (79.5%), inadequate web technology skills needed to maintain web servers (80.0%), and lack of purpose-built library buildings (75.0%).Question three reveals the prospects to include removal of physical bounding (77.0%), round the clock availability (70.0%), information retrieval (79.0%), preservation and conservation (73.0%), multiple access (70.0%), and space (71.0%).It was recommended that academic institutions should adopt virtual libraries where digital resources will be made available in Nigeria through a global network where collections are created, stored at one library and made available to others through an agreement about the requirements for systems architecture, metadata, indexing and retrieval.


Table of Content


Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Question
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisation of the Study

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 The Academic Library
  • 2.3 Early Stage of Digital Library
  • 2.4 Booming Ages
  • 2.5 Developing Period
  • 2.6 Challenges of Virtual Library in Nigeria
  • 2.7 Prospects of Virtual Library in Nigeria

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population
  • 3.3 Sample And Sampling Technique
  • 3.4 Instrument For Data Collection
  • 3.5 Method Of Data Collection
  • 3.6 Data Analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Results and Discussion

  • 4.1 Result
  • 4.2 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Digital Library System (DLS) extends and integrate approaches adopted in traditional libraries as well as in distributed information systems, to yield high-end information systems, services and institutions. Here we will explore some of the parts or components of digital libraries and discuss several of the developments in this emerging field.

Building a comprehensive digital library system will help users to manage all phases of the information lifecycle. Of particular importance is to simplify the authoring and creation process so that wider population can participate by adding all types of multimedia content directly into digital libraries. Downstream access allows readers to benefit from this type of computer-mediated communication, across time and space. Ultimately, it is believed that knowledge will be shared and then lead to yet another cycle of discovery, authoring and utilization that is facilitated by digital libraries.

Times are fast changing; we now live in a jet age which is mainly characterized by rapid changes in technology, lifestyle and value. This is indeed an age of information explosion.

One of the major inventions that have driven the world to a fast pace of technological advancement is the computer. The computer is primarily an electronic information processor that is rapidly changing the way we acquire, organize, recall, access, analyze, synthesize and apply information. The effectiveness with which the information is generated and communicated determines the rate of progress of a society and the fulfillment of its people. Modern society is information driven and information today is a universal need.

The Library as an important and integral component of a higher institution has offered opportunity for students and staff to explore and expand their minds (Blau, 2004). It could be said that the library has become a focal place for enrichment, entertainment, education and empowerment through knowledge. In striving to serve its client, there is need for a library to clearly understand the continually changing needs of its constituency, from undergraduates, graduates, , academic staff and even school age children and local citizens (Blau, 2004). Despite the processing and propagation of library resources, a key trait of a university library is the services based around personal interaction between users and the library staff. Libraries should make sure that these services show proper levels of customer care and that the information given to the users is useful and at the right level (Loughborough University Library, 2005).

Mitchell (2008) has rightly said that today’s reference librarians are actively engaged with the many emerging new processes by which learning occurs. Further, reference librarians in academic and research libraries are actively engaged with the many emerging new processes not only by which learning occurs, but also by which research is done. To be successful, today’s reference librarians need to not only understand but also embrace current and emerging technologies affecting reference functions and the information needs of library users.

The unprecedented pace of technological change in the development of digital information networks and electronic services in recent years has helped to expand the role of the academic library. Once only a storehouse of printed materials, it is now a technology-laden information network where students can conduct research in a mixed print and digital-resource environment, experience the use of advanced information technologies, and hone their computer skills. The provision of reference services has been, and still is, at the heart of all libraries in every sector be it academic, public or special. Until the internet changed forever the way we access information, it was the exclusive responsibility of the “Reference librarian” to provide information directly to the client (Weddell, 2008).

Moreover, computers have affected the ways which people use information. It has changed the rate of work done, the method for accomplishing the work alongside the relationship among the people carrying and using the information. However, computers and libraries are not left out in the utilization of computer to carry out their day-to-day activities especially as it concerns the amount of information generated. Libraries have evolved over the years which gave rise to digital/virtual libraries.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Most university libraries in Nigeria have been using ICT in the provision of services and in the management of their collection. This is a shift from the traditional method. The impact of ICT on library services cannot be overemphasized, however, there are numerous problems with the traditional libraries. These in-adequacies are enumerated below.

  1. The users of the traditional library need to go the library physically which most times could lead to congestion of the library?
  2. Inability for the library resources to be accessed 24/7.
  3. The library resources cannot be simultaneously used. It is one at a time.
  4. Traditional libraries are limited by storage space.

It is therefore against this background that the researcher seeks to investigate the challenges and prospects of implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education using a case study of College of Education, Gindiri of Plateau State.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The aim of this study is to investigate the challenges and prospects of implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education using a case study of College of Education, Gindiri of Plateau State. Specifically, the objectives of the study include to;

  1. To assess the benefits of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State.
  2. To identify the challenges of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State.
  3. To determine the prospects of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State.

1.4 Research Question

The following research questions are formulated to guide this research:

  1. What are the benefits of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State?
  2. What are the challenges of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State?
  3. What are the prospects of implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • HO1 There is no significant difference in the implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State
  • HA1 There is a significant difference in the implementation of virtual library project in College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State

1.6 Significance of the Study

In implementing the objectives of this study, the advantages of a digital library over the traditional library are enormous. Users will be able to access library resource digitally without the inconveniences of users carrying books, journals, magazines etc. which could result in rapid wear and tear of this library resource. Besides, it will afford users the opportunity to access digital books simultaneously without waiting for the book to be returned to the library.

The proposed virtual library system will provide security to help track library resources through the development of a comprehensive database that will be used to house the library resources. The system will also eliminate some of the routine manual work prevalent in a traditional library.


1.7 Scope of Study

The study is limited to College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State. The context scope of this study is limited to finding the challenges and prospects of implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The limitation of the study is that it only catered for College of Education, Gindiri Plateau State. It would be difficult to generalize the findings of this study or to capture the variables of the study among other Nigerian Colleges of Education. Also, there was no standardized research instrument to capture the relationship, hence, the use of a self-developed questionnaire by the researcher to address the research variables. Lastly, time constraint during the time for this project work is short. Financial resources is a limitation encountered in the course of this research work.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Challenges:

Refers to the problems associated with the implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education.

Prospect:

Refers to the opportunities inherent in the implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education.

Virtual Library:

Is a type of information retrieval system in which collections are stored in digital format.

Library:

A building or room containing collections of books, periodicals and sometimes films and recorded music for people to read, borrow or refer to.

Academic Libraries:

Is a library that is attached to a higher education institution and serves two complementary purposes: to support the curriculum, and to support the research of the university faculty and students.


1.10 Organisation of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding it is broken down as follows:

  • Chapter one kicks off with the introduction, which consists of the background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, research hypothesis, scope and significance of the study.
  • Chapter two begins with the conceptual framework on which the study is based, the theoretical literatures and also the empirical literature and thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design, the population of the state used as a case study, the sample size and the sampling techniques used, the data collected, data analysis and the limitations of the method used.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis, interpretation and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The investigation and analysis of the present system was conducted and the problems associated with the old method of accessing electronic resources were discovered. The study was carried out to investigate the challenges and prospects of implementation of virtual library project in Nigerian Colleges of Education using a case study of College of Education, Gindiri of Plateau State. From the findings;

  1. Question one reveals the benefits to include creating variety of access services for searching, browsing and discovering resources (76.3%), organizing and indexing digital objectives for different purpose which includes cataloging, finding aids and database (71.0%), enhancing the reduction of loan and acquisition of academic materials and collections (80.5%), enhancing comprehensive storage of large repository of data that can be accessed by authorized users (73.5%), and reducing the cost of maintaining a traditional library (79.0%).
  2. Question two shows the challenges to include Inadequate funding (73.0%), spend more money on computer hardware and software and licensing (77.0%), insufficient training of librarians in new technologies (80.5%), cost of acquiring proper technological infrastructure (79.5%), inadequate web technology skills needed to maintain web servers (80.0%), and lack of purpose-built library buildings (75.0%).
  3. Question three reveals the prospects to include removal of physical bounding (77.0%), round the clock availability (70.0%), information retrieval (79.0%), preservation and conservation (73.0%), multiple access (70.0%), and space (71.0%).

5.2 Conclusion

From the findings of the study, it can be concluded that tertiary institutions stand to benefit from the prospects inherent in virtual library implementation as this will not only boost the efficiency of library services but will also have a good boost on the corporate image of the institution and the quality of books available to student, thus placing the institution in a leading position in Nigeria. It is essential that academic libraries should ensure that books are made available in electronic format as it is in the hardcopies.


5.3 Recommendation

Libraries, information retrieval system in a digital format, and human-computer interfaces are very paramount in this computer age. Virtual libraries have exploded the scene-numerous research and practical effort and large resources are expanded on virtual Libraries research and practice. The ultimate evaluation of virtual libraries will be in relation to the transformation of their content, the same as of evaluation of libraries throughout history. Virtual Libraries provide for an interaction among people, human knowledge, organizations and technology. A presently virtual library is transforming research, education, learning and living.

It is recommended that virtual library be made a conglomerate of electronic resources made available through the use of virtualresources. A situation where digital resources will be made available in Nigeria through a global network where collections are created, stored at one library and made available to others through an agreement about the requirements for systems architecture, metadata, indexing and retrieval. The development and adoption of common standards will require significant additional effort and exploration.


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