Knowledge And Attitude Of Refuse Disposal Practice Among Female Hostel In Taraba State University

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Knowledge And Attitude Of Refuse Disposal Practice Among Female Hostel In Taraba State University


Abstract


This study was carried out to assess the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel students in Taraba State University. Specifically, the study was carried out to ascertain the forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University, examine the level of female students the knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University, identify the various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University, and ascertain the attitude of female students towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University. The study employed the survey descriptive research design. The population size comprised of students in the department of female hostel students in Taraba State University. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean score tables, while the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that the female students have adequate knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University. Furthermore, the female students have positive attitude towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University.. The study thereby recommend that students should adopt usage of waste bin and ensure they always drop their waste in the waste basket. And there should be orientation for the students on the health effect of open burning and dropping of waste indiscriminately. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Waste disposal has become a major concern in most developing countries of the world. The rapid growth in the population of Nigeria and constant movement of the people from rural areas to the urban in search of greener pastures has increased the volume of waste generated in the urban areas. In the case of tertiary institutions, most of the areas that these institutions are established are semi-rural settlements and the establishment of the institutions transform the areas into semi urban settlement. This come with large population and resulted into an increment in the amount of waste generated by the students leaving within the community. Waste management has been a worldwide issue which most countries are finding the best ways of dealing with and managing waste improperly poses threat to the health of individuals and the environment (Omar, Hossain & Parvin, 2018). Sisay, Tariku, Hawi, Nardos, and Tesfaye (2007) assert that if these wastes are not disposed in a proper way, they create breeding places for insects such as flies, mosquitoes etc; they provide food and harborages for rats. These insects and rats are health risk in that they are potential disease transmitters.

Both residential and non-residential areas of tertiary institutions suffer from waste management problems due to negative attitude of students towards the environment. It is therefore high time to take urgent actions by sensitizing the students towards a positive environmental life style which will help to sustain our environment by acquiring appropriate environmental knowledge, skills and capacities that are needed for environmental sustainability. Indiscriminate dumping of refuse by the students and improper management of these wastes may adversely affect the health of the people. Some students in hostels do not consider living in a clean environment as essential aspect of human existence; hence they cannot keep a clean environment. They play passive role in sanitation activities and refuse to co-operate with others in cleaning up residential surroundings because of their negative attitude (Kaithery & Karunakaran, 2019).

Students dump wastes indiscriminately, any available space, back of their hostels, bush paths, open drain, and other public places, they litters their environment with papers, polythene bags, used clothes, shoes, boxes, sanitary pads, food waste etc. Open dumping is also very common among the tertiary institution students, this call to questions the level of awareness of the people about the environmental and health hazards their actions may cause other members of the society. In the light of the above, this study seek to assess the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel in Taraba State University.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The University is a major feature in the landscape of the study area. It is therefore important to constantly assess its environmental impact on the neighbourhood. The routine monitoring of the University environs revealed a poor sanitary situation(Udeme, 2017). This was largely blamed on unwholesome waste disposal habits of the students. If the assumption were true, it would negates the expectations that students of higher institutions are enlightened and should champion environmental friendliness(Omeke, 2011). Contrary to this assumption, house to house inspection round the Taraba State University and environs reveals an apparently poor sanitary situation. This study therefore investigated the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel in Taraba State University.

The aim of this study was to investigate waste disposal habits of the students of the Taraba State University living in the university and environs. Relevant measures were looked into as remedial measures to check the menace.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major purpose of the study was to examine the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel in Taraba State University.

Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Ascertain the forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University.
  2. Examine the level of female students the knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University.
  3. Identify the various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University.
  4. Ascertain the attitude of female students towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University.

1.4 Research Questions

These research questions will be answered in this study:

  1. What are the forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University?
  2. What is the level of female students knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University?
  3. What are the various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University.
  4. What is the attitude of female students towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

The following hypothesis will be tested in this study:

  • Ho: Female students do not have adequate knowledge of refuse disposal practice in Taraba State University.
  • Ha: Female students have adequate knowledge of refuse disposal practice in Taraba State University.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This research work presents the necessity of keeping the University clean and effective sanitation management via the correct knowledge of attitudes and behaviour in the environment. This is accomplished through the proper knowledge of attitudes and behavior in the environment. This study is important for bringing to the attention of the general public the proper attitudes that should be held towards environmental sanitation inside the institution.

This study aims to facilitate the realization that the appropriate attitude and behaviour towards environmental sanitation can be achieved among students, which could drive the nation as a whole into a positive environmental mindset. This is important considering the rate of poor environmental sanitation and hygiene in the university as a whole. The study would contribute to raising awareness about the uncoordinated and uncontrolled exploitation of environmental sanitation in the institution via its use of data.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel in Taraba State University. The study will also point out the forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University; the level of female students the knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University; the various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University; and the attitude of female students towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University. The respondents for this study will therefore comprise of female students in Taraba State University.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Solid wastes:

“Solid waste” means any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.

Disposal:

The action or process of getting rid of something.

Management:

Management is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a non-profit organization, or a government body.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel students in Taraba State University. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the knowledge and attitude of refuse disposal practice among female hostel students in Taraba State University. The study is was specifically carried out to ascertain the forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University, examine the level of female students the knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University, identify the various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University, and ascertain the attitude of female students towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were female hostel students in Taraba State University.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The forms of refuse commonly generated by female students in Taraba State University include; polythene bags, used clothes, shoes, sanitary pads, and food waste.
  2. The female students have adequate knowledge of environmental sanitation practices in Taraba State University.
  3. The various method of refuse of disposal among female students in Taraba State University include; landfilled, reused, incineration, and use of waste bin.
  4. The female students have positive attitude towards refuse disposal practices in Taraba State University.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Students should adopt usage of waste bin and ensure they always drop their waste in the waste basket.
  2. Garbage collectors should be visiting the hostels from time to time to collect waste from the students.
  3. There should be orientation for the students on the health effect of open burning and dropping of waste indiscriminately.
  4. State government should enforce strict adherence to environmental/ waste management laws of the state.
  5. Government can enlighten students on waste segregation which might encourage recycle of waste.
  6. Students should always donate what they are not using again to the poor instead of indiscriminate dropping of their waste.

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