Creative Use Of Beads And Batik For Interior Decoration
It is an undisputed fact that in Nigeria and the world at large that every individual whether big or small wants to be known, they all wants people to recognize and value them based on their cultures, values, heritage, practice and believes. Nobody wants to be push aside .and also there is this universal urge and taste for interior beautification. Everybody wants to make a good and beautiful use of their interior. It is also seen that people tend to appreciate works of beads no matter how little it looks, people love it on their dress, bags, shoes and other usable materials. Also taking a closer study of most homes and offices around the researcher, especially in Ekpoma, there is no one curtain or wall hanging having or displaying a design that is showing both creativity in batik and beads. And also there is no wall design on batik that shows or depicts any trait of Esan culture. And this has an effect or limit textile fabric decoration in a way. As a result of these findings and limitation to textile fabric design in Nigeria, especially in Esan the researcher tried to list some of the objectives and problem as to the creative use of beads and batik and solutions to the problem.
Globally textiles are clearly spelt out as any type of fabric made by weaving or knitting. Textiles are further known as an art of fabric fabrication, production and decoration. In fact, textiles are a two¬-dimensional art and in the class of applied art.
Accordingly, “oxford advanced learners dictionary” defines textiles as any fabric made by weaving or knitting for aesthetic value and purpose. Thus, textiles wholly deals with fabric either for decorative purpose and other purposes, this also represent or mean a central ingredient of fashion, Textiles have played a major role in the lives of human and the world at large. Nearly every aspect of our lives uses textile. If all textiles were removed from human life and environment, one can only but imagine what will happen and how it will look like. At home, most furnishings are enhanced with textiles, even to the least woven mosquito net on the windows and around our beds.
The most common use of textiles is for clothing and containers such as bags and basket. In homes they are used in carpet, upholstered furnishing, window shades, and towels, covering for tables, bed cover, throw pillows, wall hangings and other flat surfaces. In work places they are use in industrial and scientific processes such as filtering; miscellaneous uses includes flags, backpacks, tent; cleaning devices such as handkerchiefs and rags; transportation device such as balloons, kites, sails, and parachutes. Children can also learn by using textiles to make collages, sew, quilt and toys. Textiles use for industrial purposes and chosen for characteristic other than their appearances includes textiles structure for aircraft and automotive application and medical textiles for example in plants; Geotextiles. Reinforcement of embalmment; Agro textiles, textiles for crop protection; protective clothing e.g. clothes worn against heat and radiation, fire fighting clothing, clothes worn against molten metal’s for welders, stab protection, and bulletproof vest.
According to Barber (1992) textiles was defined as felt or spun fibers made into yarn and subsequently netted, looped, knit or woven to make fabrics, appeared in the Middle East during the late Stone Age. From ancient time to this present age, methods of textiles production have continually evolved, and choices of textiles available has influenced how people carry their possessions, clothed themselves, and decorate their surroundings.
Textiles are classified according to their components fibers into silk, wool, linen, cotton, such as synthetic fibers as rayon, nylon, and polyesters, and some organic fibers, such as cloth of gold, glass fiber, and asbestos cloth.
They are classified as to their structure or weave, according the manner in which warp and weft cross each other in the loom. Value quality in textiles depends on several factors, such as the quality of raw material used and the character of yarn spun form of the fibers, whether, clean, smooth, fire, or coarse and whether hard, soft or medium twisted,. The density of weave and finishing process are also important elements in determining the quality of fabric.
This project is therefore aimed at helping the upcoming textiles students and those interested in textiles and its end products to appreciate the efforts of textiles producers, and especially fabric made in Nigeria.
Fabric has gained so much prominence so much so that its adaptation for interior decoration and design, and domestic usage has brought about great aesthetic and uniqueness. They have of late become relevant in the area of interior décor and other domestic usage like shoes, caps etc.
1.1 Background to the Study
Looking at most homes in Esan land one could hardly point out anything that tells or portrayal the cultural heritage or values of the Esan community. It is based o this finding that the researcher decided to do a research on the creative use of beads and batik in interior décor depicting some cultural values and heritage of the Esan culture in the area of table cover, wall hangings, and curtains
1.3 Statement of the Problem
Batik as a wax resist techniques has been use all over Nigeria, as well as beads for aesthetic purposes. It has been use for cloths and furniture while the later fro body adornment as in the case of marriages, naming ceremonies and cultural parades. But this material have not been adequately used in Esan land, hence there is the need to use these materials to create designs that will depict Esan land culture. Designs will be good for wall hangings and window blinds in homes, offices and hotels.
1.4 Objective of the Study
- To create a befitting curtain of batik with beads
- To produces curtains of batik with beads to enlighten the general public on the idea of beads and batik for interior decoration.
- To make relevance of the importance of beads material on fabric in the area of textiles endues.
1.5 Significance of the Study
- This report is done to affirm the value of good interior decoration with standard, understanding the usefulness of textiles and design as a valuable asset to beautification and adornments of homes and offices.
- This study also gives a better appreciation to the cultural values of Esan people and refreshes the memory of every indigenous person and foreigners about some cultural values of the people.
- The significance of this study also lies on the fact that it shows cultural value in Esan.
- The report also aimed at creating a design befitting window curtains, wall hanging and table cover.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study is limited to the use of beads and batik. All designs and ideals are gotten from Esan land
1.7. Definition of Term
1. Interior Decoration:
This is a term that refers to the decorating and furnishing of interior spaces in homes, offices.
A textile or cloth is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibers (yarn or, the words fabric and cloth are used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile.
3. Caustic Soda:
This is a small round shaped or granulated substance added to dye stuff. It is used to relax the texture of the fabric for easier penetration of the dye, and it’s a mordant that makes the solution acidic and water insoluble.
4. Sodium Hydrosulphite:
This is a white powdery substance used as fixing salt to help the dye to remain permanent in the fabric. It is used along with the caustic soda and dye stuff. The three are to be dissolved in hot water in specific proportion.
A dye is a colored substance that has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber.
Batik is a wax-resist technique of cloth decoration. It is made either by drawing dots and lines with wax, using a spouted tool called tjanting tool
A bead is a small, decorative object that is formed in a variety of shapes and sizes of a material such as stone,
8. Candole Wax:
This is a substance ion a cake form which melts in a pot or pan when heated on a stove. It is used for blocking some certain areas of design on a fabric. Via a method called batik.
9. Tjanting Tool:
A traditional Tjanting tool used to apply wax to fabric for batik work. The bowl has a 35mm diameter, and the spout has a 1.0mm diameter. The brass bowl and spout help retain the heat and keep the wax
A piece of material suspended at the top to form a screen, typically movable sideways along a rail and found as one of a pair at a window.
11. Wall Hanging:
Wall hanging is a decorative art piece that is hung (as Tapestry) on a wall or over a window
12. Table Cover:
A tablecloth is a cloth used to cover a table. Some are mainly ornamental coverings, which may also help protect the table from scratches and stains.
Foam is a substance that is formed by trapping pockets of gas in a liquid or solid. A bath sponge and the head on a glass of beer are examples of foam
Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion
In the course of this study research it was observed that a fraction of Nigeria have little experience and knowledge on textiles, most especially in the combination of batik and beads on fabric for interior décor both in homes and offices. In addition the researcher also observe that no work of beads and batik has actually be carried out adequately to reflecting some cultural heritage in Esan land, and that this research will enhance and aid anyone that would like to take batik and beads as a course in textiles
According to Barber (1992), textiles have being a fundamental part of human life since the beginning of civilization. It is recommended that everyone should inculcate and embrace the habit of using textile, since we cannot do without it daily. It is also recommended that further research should be laid on the combination and batik with other Medias and areas of art that can be use to decorate fabrics aside other formally known Medias. It is also recommended that effort should be laid on publicizing on the importance of textiles made using batik, beads and other media for interior decoration, enhancement to governmental and nongovernmental organizations.
Lastly awareness should be created amongst the textiles artist who through their discipline can reach out to the general public and government. Art should be encourage by the government and knowledge on the importance of art should be build on the student basically those in the elementary before entering into the higher institution
In Conclusion, it can be seen that textile is very expensive to lay hands on but at the same time it plays a vital role in our lives, homes and offices. It should be noted that the ability of the researcher to have done a successful work using textiles in the area of batik and beads to create a design for interior décor, shows that textiles is never a barrier, rather a thing that could be handled and practice by anyone.
Thus, it is said that many textiles artists have not taken the expressive nature of passing information to the public with what they have and create. But following the various visuals used for this research study, it shows that the visuals have vividly exposed the uniqueness in using textiles in various homes, mainly for interior decoration.
Finally, it is hoped that this research will enlighten and encourage textile and non textile artists to effectively use unique batik aspect of textile as a means of communication as this research has done.
Creative Use Of Beads And Batik For Interior Decoration
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Creative Use Of Beads And Batik For Interior Decoration
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