Causes Of Unruly Behaviour Among The Secondary School Students In Oyo East Local Government Of Oyo State
1.1 Background to the study
Education remains one of the tools for the transformation of an individual and society at large. It is one of the most powerful instruments for social change, which plays a crucial role in national building. According to and Esere(2007),education helps to develop people’s intellectual and functional capabilities. Education is a process in which and by which the knowledge, characters and behaviour of the human being are shaped and moulded. According to Awoko(2016)Education is the process of facilitating learning or the acquisition of knowledge, skills values, beliefs and habits. Education methods include story telling, discussion, teaching, training and directed research. Imam (2000)said that education is a process which enables an individual to distinguish between the true and false, the good and bad, the conduct and the evil doing.
One of the cardinal objectives of Education as spelt out in the National policy on Education (2004)revised,is to inculcate right type of values and attitudes for the survival of the individual and Nigeria society. The process of education is not only self –realization of the individual but it is also to bring into action the potential in man.
Behaviour can be defined as the way in which an individual acts. It is the way an individual conducts him/herself. Behaviour, therefore, is the way an individual acts towards people, society or objects. It can be either bad or good. It can be normal or abnormal according to society norms. Society will always try to correct bad behaviour and try to bring abnormal behaviour back to normal. Unachukwu and Nwankwu (2001) stressed that students at secondary schools are all adolescent and as such as faced with the problem of social identity such as increase in intellectual awareness ability; emotional capability and expanded social interests which they believe affect their behavioural patterns at schools. They were of the opinion that all human being have fairly common socio-psychological and innate biological needs which bring conflict in an attempt to satisfy to satisfy them by the adolescent students and this throws them off balance which resulted un Unruly behaviour. Unruly behaviour is negative form of self control, Zubaida (2009) citing (Dare, Hashim, & Sweinan, 2004). Defined discipline in schools as respect for school laws and regulations and the maintenance of an established Standard of behaviour and implies self-control, restraint, respect for oneself and others. A behaviour that contradicts the above becomes unruly behaviour. According to Tunworth (2000), if students cultivate the habit of self-control in schools, there will be a smooth running in the school system but reverse will be the case if students are not discipline. The respect which teachers command among students had been seriously worm-off. And some teachers have not done much to help the situation by their actions, this problem has turned to a national issue. Our leaders in the past have tried to remedy this situation but the problem proved not to be solved.
Zubaida (2009) identifies various forms of unruly behaviour among the secondary school students such as truancy, lateness to school, cultism, drug abuse, insulting /assaulting, stealing, rioting and many other anti-social vices.
Secondary schools are established with the aim of producing students who are worthy in character and learning. Students are expected to acquire knowledge skills, experience and discipline that will help them sharpen their destiny and rebuild them from what they used to be what they intend to become. Students at this level of education predominantly fall between the ages of eleven to eighteen.
Behaviour is considered abnormal or anti-social if it is uncommon, different from the norm and does not conform to what society expects. This idea is also closely related to the statistical approach to definite abnormally which rest on the idea that differences in human behaviour tends to fall in to a normal distribution curve (Nwankwo , 2010).A particular behaviour is not acceptable or is anti-social if any of these three criteria are seen; the behaviour does not allow a person to function effectively with others as member of society. If the behaviour does not permit the person to meet his /her own needs and the behaviour has a negative effect in the being of others. However, young people are segregation from adult society and such segregation serves as an important contribution to anti-social behaviour by teenagers. Period of adolescence is the most crucial period in the life of human beings and is the stage where life reaches its peak (Nwankwo, 2001). The adolescent is eager to learn new experiences, to find new relationships, to examine resources of inner strength and fathom the strength of inner ability. However, anti-social behaviour is one of the most significant types of personality disorder (Nwankwo, 2010). People with the social problems make life miserable for those around them. They typically display no regard for the moral of ethical rules of the society or the rights of others, manipulating people and situation for their own benefits. Unruly behaviour has been an important topical issue that has been researched by various researchers in an attempt to discover the outcome of it in various contexts especially education context such as secondary and tertiary institutions and how it affects the academic achievements of Students. According to Advanced learners Dictionary, unruly behaviour means a way of behaving, manners, treatment shown towards others. Unruly behaviour is socially defined as problem, a sources of concern, or as undesirable by the norms of conventional society and the institutions of adult authority, and its occurrence usually elicits some kinds of social control response.
It is viewed as a violation of a formal or informal rule including serious criminal acts or flagrant disregard for conventional standards of approved behaviour, as well as more private and momentary oppositional and hurt acts. The readiness or willingness of an individual to demonstrate decent and decorous conduct, respect for authority, high sense of responsibility, love for orderlies, eagerness to discharge duties with promptitude and efficiency makes an individual a ‘normal person’, when an individual fails to discharge these characteristics, unruly behaviour is said to have occurred.
However, unruly behaviour can be explained to mean a shift away from age long appropriate behaviour which significantly affects individual growth and societal development. That is any behaviour tagged unruly runs contrary to generally accepted pattern of behaviour for the age and environment of the individual and this behaviour negatively affects him and other persons around (Ughamadu,&Enueme,2002).
1.2 Statement Of the problem
The unruly behaviour in schools has persisted over the years. These acts have either been carried out individually by the students or as a group which result to rioting or revolts. There is no doubt that students unruly behaviour generally militate against effective teaching and learning and production of useful acceptable members of the society. It is therefore, observed that some parents appear to have denied their parental roles or responsibilities towards their children. If the teachers are frustrated and lack motivation in themselves, they are not likely to motivate others to learn or occupy their time in productive education. The Government contributes to unruly behaviour by not providing adequate facilities /equipment in the school. Community /society influence contributes to unruly behaviour among secondary school students due to economic recession. Peer-group influence contributes to unruly behaviour among students in the form of uncomfortable environment where the students are scared of their parents.
1.3 Research Questions
The following research questions are raise to guide of the conduct of the study.
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and academic performance?
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ gender?
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ in public school?
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ low family backgrounds?
1.4 Research Hypotheses
The following hypotheses are drawn specifically for this study.
- H01: There is no significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ academic performance.
- H02 There is no significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ gender
- H03: There is no significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ in public school.
- H04: There is no significant relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ of low background.
1.5 Scope of the study
This research work will focus on the causes of unruly behaviour among the secondary school students in Oyo East Local Government Area Of Oyo, Oyo State. The researcher intend to limit the scope of this work to five Secondary School; Durbar Grammar Schools Oyo, Anglican Secondary School Oyo, Community High School Durbar Oyo, Oba Adeyemi High School Oyo, and St Bernadines Girls Grammar School Oyo. Because of many factors such as time factor, finance, poor attitude of many respondents among others which might serve as constraint to the researcher.
1.6 Significance of the study
The findings of the study would be of great importance to the following stakeholders in education these include students, teachers, school administrators, government, educational agencies, textbook writers and future researchers. For instance, the findings of this study would help enhance to promote good behaviour among the secondary school students. School administrators, government and educational agencies would also benefit from the findings especially in the need to organise seminars or workshops on unruly behaviour. It is hoped that the findings of this study would give textbooks writers ample opportunity to review some aspects of their books towards improving the learning content so as the enhance students’ performance.
In addition, curriculum planners would benefit from the findings which may call for a review of related curriculum. Also, the findings of the study would be useful to future researchers who may be interested in carrying out related studies on students’ behaviour.
1.7 Purpose of the Study
The general purpose of the study is to find out the causes of unruly behaviour among the secondary school students in Oyo East Local Government Of Oyo State. The specific purposes are to;
- Investigate the relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and academic performance of students’ in secondary.
- Determine the relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ gender.
- Find out the relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and of the students’ in public school.
- Investigate the relationship between students’ unruly behaviour and students’ low family background.
1.8 Definition of Terms
For the purpose of clarity and proper understanding on the part of the reader, some terms used in this research project are defined below;
This refers to as the way in which an individual acts.
This refers to a way of behaving, manners, treatment shown towards others.
This refers to a way of behaving that shows a willingness to obey rules or orders.
This refers to a young person who is developing into an adult.
This refers to one that begets or brings forth offspring.
This refers to an institution for the teaching of children.
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Frequently Asked Questions
How to deal with disruptive behaviour in secondary schools?
1. Teaching strategies may be revised in the context of student’s disruptive behaviour in order avoid it and minimize the impacts of disruptive behaviour. 2. Some scholarly persons may be detailed to visit the secondary schools and deliver lectures periodically, keeping disruptive behaviour under consideration.
How many student problem behaviors are there in junior secondary school?
This study aimed to examine the conceptions of junior secondary school student misbehaviors in classroom, and to identify the most common, disruptive, and unacceptable student problem behaviors from teachers’ perspective. Twelve individual interviews with teachers were conducted. A list of 17 student problem behaviors was generated.
What causes aggressive behaviour of students at secondary level?
Consequently, Shireen and Malik (2015) found that negative home and family environment (broken and divorced parents and family problems), unfriendly parents’ are the major causes of aggressive behaviour of students at secondary level.
Does disruptive behaviour always cause unrest in the classroom?
It is evident from the research of different researchers that disruptive behaviour always has created unrest among the peers, colleagues and classmates of different ages but this study particularly focused in the context of classroom management of secondary level where the students pass through teenage.