The Social Implication Of Drug Abuse In Higher Institution In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Imo State University)

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The Social Implication Of Drug Abuse In Higher Institution In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Imo State University)


One of the greatest problems facing our Nigerian society today is drug abuse. The issue has attracted a lot of attention that all well meanings Nigerians, government, private and public institutions and organizations are seeking the best possible way of controlling or possibly stopping the ugly phenomena which has both great economic, social, political implications in the overall growth and development of our country.

Statistics have shown not only that Nigeria is one of the highest consumer of such illicit drugs in the world but that our youths mostly within the age range of eighteen and twenty eight engage in this pastinc of taking drugs for so many selfish reasons without remorse to its dangerous effects of their health and individual well being.

It is no time with these ugly trend that this research seeks to study the social implication of drug abuse in higher institution in Nigeria with particular reference to Imo state university in creating public awareness on the changes of drug abuse in the society.

The research will also ascertain which medium plays greater role in this media function of information, education, modernization and entertainment among others.  A careful study of this topic will go a long way in educating the people particularly our youths on the danger of drug abuse. It  will help government, private and public institutions and policy makers in addressing the ugly situation.

To enable the researcher to take careful study of the issue the work will be divided into five chapters with chapter one is the introductory  part of topic. Chapter two deals with the literature review of some related existing texts on the study, chapter three addressed the method used in the study, chapter four will analysis the data collected in the study, the chapter five will summary and recommend the entire study solutions.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Cover page
  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 limitation of study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Source of literature review
  • 2.2 The review
  • 2.3 Summary of literature review

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Sources / Method of data collection
  • 3.3 Population and sample size
  • 3.4 Sampling technique
  • 3.5 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Presentation of data
  • 4.2 Analysis of data
  • 4.3 Interpretation of result (s)

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix 55

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

This research targets the implication of drug abuse in higher institution in Nigeria  . A case study of imo state university, Owerri.

Nigeria has big problems, one of which is that of serious social and economic implication for the society. Nigeria youths constitute not just the high risk group but also the bulk of Nigeria’s army of drug addicts. Studies indicate that a higher percentage of our youths within the age range of eighteen (18) and twenty eight (28) years have tied out drug on the other . a high percentage of those admitted of mental related problems also come from the same group. The drug epidemic is thus gradually eroding the manpower base and future of Nigeria.

In 1984, the Yaba psychiatric Hospital treated ,234 patients and in 1987m, the figure climbed to 12,587 and in 1985, the figure also climbed to 47,725 between January march 1989. It increased to 70,316. But these seem to be just the tip of the iceberg as culling addicts still roam our streets federal by drugs from the various drug joints that now litter our streets.

Drug abuse is one type of deviant behaviour that was previously exclusively associated with the western societies. Before the eighties, this problem has been in existence but today the footage has turned into a frightening reality, a moister that has best ridden our country like a leach and reuse to let go while gradually spreading its tentaclces.

Drug abuse is not just about the creative with a vacant look in its fast blinking eyes, a twittering body and an actered mind but its is about the student who cannot read without taking unsweetened coffee, kolanut or pills. It is about the filter lover who turns to the bottle of salvation, the business executive who must smoke to be able to work, the retrenched worker who floods his veins with “smack” to forget his sorrows and adventures party goes who ties a shift to get a kick because others are doing it.

Thus drug abuse is not just about mislaying drugs but the habit involves in the use of any chemical substance that has an effect on the body and they include smack, gbana heroine, cocaine, white girl, call it whatever name you like. Drug abuse is a fatal past time Nigerians have  decided to indulge in and does the county have to show for it.

Nigerians have just woken up from the menance of drug abuse which is like a nightmare that refuses to go away. Drug abuse is not a recent phenomenon in Nigeria, it started in the late 1960s where the use of Indian hemp (cannabis) as a stimulant became widespread and what followed was a graded upsurge in the use of hemp by the higher institutions in Nigerians.

In the eighties Nigerians was just a transit point for hard drug from the golden triangle of Asia the capital of Europe and United States. Soon drug trafficking began to increase at a geometric rate. Nigerians lined by Filthy Lune, they stood to make from the illicit business joined the growing army of drug couriers in droves.

As the menance of drugs grew wide, the government woke up to the dangers of the trade if left unchecked. Nigerians and the people carrying Nigerian passports started getting nodded and the prisous of Brazil, Saudi Anabia, United States, Brittan and Germany became filtted to the brim with Nigerian involved in the business forum. They become a fonce to be neckoned within 8500 billion per annum world drug circuit.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

On the afternoon of April 10,1985, the normally serne atmosphere at Nigerian’s maximum Kirikini prison was shattered by the sound of continuous gun fire. At the end of it, the bodies of three young Nigerians namely Barthlonew Owoh, Bernard Ogedenge and lawal Akauni dangled at grotesque angles from the stakes at the prision’s fining range. The three became the first victims of Nigerian government’s attempt to seriously tackle the drug problem, the victims of a retroactive law that prescribed death for drug trafficking and which were then gradually creeping like a night maninder into out society.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The objective of this study is to access the social implication of drug abuse in higher institution in Nigeria. A case study of imo state university. The objectives of the study is as follows:

  1. Considering that through their agenda setting and surveillance role, the social implications becomes crucial.
  2. To determine the social implication of drug abuse in tertiary institutions in Nigeria.
  3. To determine the extent of damage cause by these drugs to Nigeria youths.
  4. How to curb the intake of the drugs.
  5. Public policy on the drug scourge is vital because it partly shows that societies response to problem that has become a mosquito in the net.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the surveillance role and the social implications of drugs in Nigeria institution of higher learning?
  2. What are the social implication of drug abuse in tertiary institutions in Nigeria?
  3. What are the extent of damage caused by these drugs to Nigeria youths?
  4. How can these damages and bad habits be curbed?
  5. What are public policy on this ill health?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The decision to study on social implications of  drug abuse in Nigeria higher institutions was spurred by two incidents.

It is worthwhile that the researcher highlights the significance or importance of this study to the growth of the nation.

This research will therefore be useful to our country Nigeria, business organizations, managers’ entrepreneurs and students / scholars to the students are as follows:

  1. This text will give additional information to students who will come across it in the area of drug trafficking.
  2. This research work will give the students about the implications of drug abuse.
  3. It will act as a guide to them in future, especially students that will find themselves in the field of management or the future counselors.
  4. It will also help the students to know the basic means of eradicating drugs in their institutions.

1.6 Scope / Delimitation Of The Study

Imo state university is one of the largest universities in Nigeria

This research is therefore aimed at studying the breadth and depth of drug abuse in Nigerian at strald the following  departments. In each  departments  the researcher will study the students and their habit towards drugs.

1.7 Limitation Of The Study

Consequently, before the actualization or conclusion of set of work or activity, there many be some challenges that may arise during the process or course of the work.

The researcher encountered series of constraints during the period of the research. These constraints made the research work not to be easy as earlier thought. Some of these constraints   are, time factor, fiancé and the process of retrieval of information.

There was no adequate or enough time that would prompt or enable the researcher to travel or visit all the areas that the Nigerian bolting company operates. Financial incapacitated also contributed or acted as a constraint, this is because some of the materials needed were unreachable as a result of lack of fund.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

The social implication of drug abuse in Nigeria higher institutions (A case study of Imo state university).Adjuncts of this study include the extent and ways in which mass media can generate general awareness about drug abuse and the suitable media for disseminating it .Systematic sampling was used to select one hundred (100) respondents from the international school of the university of Lagos.

The study revealed that mass media are the primary source of drug awareness among the students. More specifically it is found that electronic media (radio and television) was the principal medium from which the students obtain anti-drug message, followed by the print media (newspaper and magazine).

The findings also revealed that most respondents received the anti drug message in form of drama, news feature articles and documentaries in that order. It was also found that left to the respondents, the mass media can enlighten Nigerians on drug by publishing more print media articles (newspaper and magazine) on the drug problem.

Electronic media (radio and television) was the most preferred medium among the respondents followed by print media (newspaper and magazine), with the following reason: it illustrates the affects of drug on the users and since the electronic media mostly television entertains, it can attract and reach a wide audience including illiterates.

There exist a relationship between the frequency of respondent’s exposure to the various media and the media preference respondents were exposed more to the electronic media than they wee to print media in a corresponding proportion therefore the frequency of exposure to the media affects the preference of the respondents.

Sex, education and ages did not influence media preference of respondents. The respondents all of whom wee within the same age group and educational level preferred the electronic media (radio and television).
The study was tested with survey method using questionnaire as its measuring instrument.

Recommendations For Further Study

The findings of this study are limited to the students of international school of university of Lagos. Even though a representative sample of the students was taken, the findings cannot be generalized to all student.

Also, since students of the institution were mostly from the middle income class, the findings of this study could have been affected by the social status of the respondents.

Future researchers should study the source for drug awareness and media preferences among Nigerian secondary school student considering high risk group in the drug coverage.

Further, a research should be carried out in Nigeria society with a view to gathering data that would be useful in sampling out drug abuse and trafficking the socio-economic factors that breed drug abuse and trafficking it is only them that the public enlightenment efforts of the NDLEA can achieve some success.

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