Drugs Abuse In Bayelsa And Rivers State From 2010-2020

Project and Seminar Material for Criminology And Security Studies

Drugs Abuse In Bayelsa And Rivers State From 2010-2020


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine drugs abuse in bayelsa and rivers state from 2010-2020. Specifically, the study aims to identify the most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States, determine contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States, identify specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole and identify community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse. A total of 141 responses were validated from the survey. From the responses obtained and analyzed, the findings revealed that there are problems associated with drug and substance abuse among youths in Bayelsa and Rivers state. The study thereby recommends that government should prevent the cultivation/sales of Indian Helm and other deadly herbs that encourage drug abuse and government should strictly enforce its existing laws against drug abuse through its regulatory agencies.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Various people describe drugs in a variety of ways. By definition, a drug is anything that when consumed by a living organism tends to alter one or a myriad of its functions. Owing to their chemical nature, drugs (legal or illegal) alter body functions, how people think, perceive things or act. These include substances that are useful or harmful to the body. There are numerous ways through which drug administration can be done. There are drugs that are injected, chewed, smoked while others are sniffed. According to Kithi(2017), drugs are substances that other than those required for the conservation of normal health modify how certain processes within the body of the organism when consumed. On the other hand, in the field of medicine, drugs are considered to be elements that have curative or preventative capabilities against diseases. It is not uncommon to find people consuming drugs for purposes other than what is recommended or more often than not recommended. Kithi(2017) contends that drug abuse occurs in instances when drugs are used for non-medical purposes. From a general perspective, substance abuse, also referred to as substance abuse, encompasses the consumption of substances such as tobacco, alcohol or other substances that have no medical value and are more often than not detrimental to one’s health. Another definition of substance focuses on the intake of psychoactive substances so as to alter an individual’s psychological state. However, it is worth noting that this only applies in cases where there is no medical supervision. The continued consumption of drugs eventually leads to a condition referred in medical circles as pathological drug dependence. When an individual reaches such a state, they become unable to desist from consuming the drug even when it becomes apparent the drugs might be causing considerable health damage to them individually or to other people around them. The negative consequences arising as a result of drug abuse are well documented, whether it is the effects on the individual or society. Kiiru(2015) notes that drug and substance abuse among the youth in Kenya’s urban set up has been on an upward trajectory over the past few years. To overcome challenges and problems plaguing them, the country’s youth population has turned to the consumption of both licit and illicit substances. As a result of the markedly high levels of drug consumption in this age group, crime rates and incidences of domestic violence have also been on the rise. According to Kiiru(2015), as of 2004, the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate among drug users injecting drugs stands between 68% and 88%. Previous research findings have shown that Cannabis Sativa (bhang) is the drug of choice for most drug abusers in Bayelsa and Rivers States. Heroin, Khat, cocaine, benzodiazepines, inhalants and amphetamine-type stimulants are also common drugs abused in the country. Today, the regions most affected by the drug problem are Rivers and Bayelsa (Chege, Mungai & Oresi, 2017). The study therefore seeks to interrogate the enabling circumstances which make the Youths and Young adults victims of alcohol abuse from modes as exposed by Kerochio (2018) viz incitement, opportunity, example and accessibility. The researcher found Likii sub-location in Laikipia East sub-county rich area to conduct the study due to its notoriety in the brewing, sale and consumption of illicit brews and trafficking of drugs.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Cases of drug and substance misuse among the youths are rising steadily and at a worrying trend not only in Rivers and Bayelsa but also in most parts of Nigeria. If intervention measures are not put in place, the fate for future generation is at stake. Most youths have become addicts, hopelessness and uninterested in getting married. Even those in marriage relationships, many of them have abdicated their conjugal rights threatening procreation process(Kerochio, 2018). Many youths indulge themselves in drugs and substance abuse for all sorts of reasons. They range from dysfunctional families, peer influence, availability of alcohol and drugs, influence of the social media, unemployment and stress to mention a few. The financial repercussions of alcohol abuse are severe, especially for the poor. If the vice is left unchecked, there will be high crime rate and loss of future generation. Hence, there is need to investigate the drugs abuse in bayelsa and rivers state from 2010-2020.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The general objective of the study is to examine drugs abuse in bayelsa and rivers state from 2010-2020. the specific objectives is as follows:

  1. Identify the most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States.
  2. Determine contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States.
  3. Identify specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole.
  4. Identify community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study

  1. What are the most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States?
  2. What are the contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States?
  3. What are the specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole?
  4. What are the community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse?

1.4 Research Hypothesis

The following hypothesis have been formulated for the study:

H0: There are no problems associated with drug and substance abuse among youths in Bayelsa and Rivers state

HA: There are no problems associated with drug and substance abuse among youths in Bayelsa and Rivers state


1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of the study were anticipated to aid law enforcement agencies, policy makers and other stakeholders in the fight against the vice. The study was also intended to be a source of reference to scholars and consultants as well as law enforcement agencies involved in curbing the menace in the community.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study will Identify the most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States. The study will also determine contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States. The study will further identify specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole. Lastly, the study will identify community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse. Hence this study will be delimited to youths in Bayelsa and Rivers states.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Drug Abuse:

A condition whereby drugs are taken for other motives other than the intended ones.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the drugs abuse in Bayelsa and rivers state from 2010-2020 using youths in Bayelsa and Rivers as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States, determine contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States, identify specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole and Identify community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from youths in the states.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. The most abused drugs and substances in Bayelsa and Rivers States is Marijuana, alcohol, and cocaine.
  2. The contributing factors causing initial use and influencing drugs and substance abuse among the youths in Bayelsa and Rivers States is Mental health disorder, Peer pressure and Lack of family involvement
  3. The specific problems associated with drug and substance abuse amongst the youths and society as a whole is mental confusion and brain damage, Lung disease, and Problems with memory
  4. The community initiatives employed to fight drug and substance abuse are Guiding Good Choices, Skills, Opportunity, And Recognition and plan and implement research-based prevention programs to address Substance Abuse

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Government should prevent the cultivation/sales of Indian Helm and other deadly herbs that encourage drug abuse.
  2. Government should strictly enforce its existing laws against drug abuse through its regulatory agencies.
  3. Parents and guardians should Endeavour to monitor their children and wards so that they do not engage in drug abuse.
  4. School security should be heightened and regular check should be carried out.
  5. Counseling education should be introduced in campuses to revive those who have already been engaging in the act.

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