The Problems Of Indigenous Book Publishing In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Spring Field Publisher, Owerri)

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Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science


Dedication


This project is dedicated to the Almighty God, the author and finisher of our faith the author of wisdom and fountain of knowledge for his infinite mercies and kindness and to my lovely mother Mrs. Anna E. Nwokeohuru for her care, I remain grateful.


Acknowledgement


I am using this medium to thank my honorable Lecturers and also my supervisor Emenyonu C.C (Mrs.) who embodied some knowledge on me for guiding me and giving me instructions on how to carry out this work by making it a reality.

My immeasurable thanks also goes to Mrs. Eweama Uju and Mr. E.I Amadi and to my mother for her support and prayer for me.

I will not forget my brother, friend and well wishers who encourage and stood by me when going was tuff, they are Mr. Anthony N .

E Nwokeohuru (brother), Mr. Kenneth I Ajomiwe (friend) and Mr. Godstime C. Iro, well wishers, I love you all.


Abstract


This project was based on the challenges of indigenous publishing using spring field publisher Owerri as the case study.

Descriptive research method was used in this study with questionnaire as instrument for data collection.
The population of the study is of sixteen (16) which consists of all the staff in the publisher. Also the data collected were analyzed using frequency count and percentages.

The findings of this study revealed that a lot of challenges are facing indigenous publishing which include lack of trained personnel, inadequate manpower, lack of funding, poor power supply, lack of distribution channel e.t.c.
Recommendations of the study include the following, effort should be made in the publishing house to provide well trained staff that can operate machine, acquire modern machines etc.

The study hopes that the recommendation would make our indigenous publishing to overcome their challenges.


List Of Tables


  • TABLE I: Registered Publishing Houses
  • TABLE II: Special/Registered Editors
  • TABLE III: Paper used in Printing
  • TABLE IV: Competition with other media or printing press.
  • TABLE V: Soliciting for Materials
  • TABLE VI: Numbers of Department in the Publisher
  • TABLE VII: Problems of indigenous Publishing
  • TABLE VIII: Ways of promoting indigenous Publishers.

Table Of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • List of tables
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Historical background of study
  • 1.2 The statement of the problems
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Scope of study
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 References

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Introduction
  • 2.1 Literature review
  • 2.2 Concept of publishing
  • 2.3 Book Publishing in Nigeria
  • 2.4 Historical antecedents of publishing
  • 2.5 Reference

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Introduction
  • 3.1 Research Methodology
  • 3.2 Populations of study
  • 3.3 Instrument for data collection.
  • 3.4 Method of data analysis.

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Introduction
  • 4.1 Results and discussion

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Introduction
  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix 11

Chapter One


Background To The Study

1.0 Introduction

The term publishing has been defined by many people in different definitions that comes from different sources.
The oxford advanced learners dictionary 6th edition defined publishing as “the profession or business of preparing and printing of books, magazines, CD-ROMS etc. and selling or making them available to the public.

Publishing is also referred to the processes involved in making public the words and pictures that creative minds have produced, the editors worked over and printers produced it. It involves the selection and designing of materials, editing and arrangement for the production and distribution then bearing the financial risk or responsibility for the whole operations.

The new encyclopedia Britannica (1974), defines publishing as the activities that involves selection, preparation and marketing of printed matters, by this definition, there are varieties of activities that takes place between the author with the manuscript and the reader of the book.

Publishing is the act of producing copies of master image by ink and paper or through pressure; it is also the act of reproduction of an image by the planning and selecting, cutting, designing and producing, then the marketing of printed materials.

Traditionally, the term refers to the distribution of printed works such as books, newspapers with the advert of digital information systems and the internet, the scope of publishing has so expanded to include electronic resources such as electronic versions of books and periodicals.

Publishing can equally be seen as selection, reproduction and circulation of printed materials.

A well known reputable author (Victor O. Alozie) also said that publishing is the process of production and dissemination of literature or information that is the activities of making information available for public view.
Publishing includes the stage of development acquisition, copy editing graphic design, production and printing and then marketing to the right people to make publishing complete.

Okwilagwe (2001) summed publishing up as the planning, selecting, cutting designing, producing and marketing of all printed materials.

Looking At Indigenous Publishing

It could be defined as any publishing that is carried out by a joint Nigerian expatriate house where the Nigerian full participation is at least 5% (five percent) in terms of capital investment. This is to say that indigenous publishing is an entirely Nigerian house that is into publishing.

Historically, what is known as indigenous publishing can be traced in 1950’s. in Nigeria with the publication and production of small cheap cram books that lacks authorities and scholarship.


1.1 Historical Background Of The Study

Spring field publishers owerri is located at Area A plot p/q Housing opposite the federal High Court New Owerri Imo State.

The publisher is one of the biggest in the eastern heartland. It is one of the modern printing houses in the state.
It was founded by Mr. Odeey E. God’s Light in 1996 and was known as a registered or cooperated house in 2001.
The name spring field was taken from a family name in abroad and if you look around you will find other spring field which was also taken from the family name, spring field publisher is the only one in Nigeria.

It started as a two brother of one family; they have a branch office at Port-Harcourt, Rivers state. They also have two fully automatic screen printing machines two A3 lesser colour printers flat mug and cap presses and with 16 staff dedicated to providing excellent customer services. It enhances general printing works such as journals, Almanacs, book production etc. the publisher has different sections to ensure proper and effectives of division of labour, the sections ranges from estimating department to the computer, lithographic, machine department and finally the binding or finishing department, all these sections has its own duties in the general productivity of the firm and is geared towards maximizing of profit and continual growth as the day goes by.

Spring field publisher was two departments they are

  1. Editorial departments.
  2. Printing departments

1.2 Indigenous Publishing

The 1978 Nigeria’s enterprises promotion decree provided that at least 60% equity of participation in books publishing must be by Nigerian Nationals with effect from that year book publishing in Nigeria became indigenous making it unnecessary to distinguished between indigenous and foreign publishing in the country. The foreign publishing companies (Oxford University Press, Longman, Macmillan, Heimann, Evans) which dominated and still dominates the publishing scene in Nigeria reduced foreign equity participation to 40% or less and some took new names e.g University Press Plc in place of Oxford University Press.

Book publishing in Nigeria is essentially a private sector affair because of the absence of pre-determined qualifications or conditions to be met; book publishing is one of the most unregulated industries in Nigeria, i.e to say no rules / regulations.

The federal military government made an unsuccessful attempt in 1970’s to set up a government publishing company. Some government agencies, state ministries of education and professional associations have played an active part in developing primary and secondary school text books, but they have generally done so in collaboration with book publishing houses, there were occasions when the government assumed an authority to appoint new “publisher” to mass produce for education purpose books not previously published by such publishers .


1.3 The Statement Of The Problems

Firstly, looking at the challenges of indigenous publishing Faye (1998) stated that the fact that though progress has been made indigenous publishing in Africa, he did not fail to add that there are some difficulties or problems which is termed the challenges they still encountered.

  • -The low level of investment by existing publishers in their own business.
  • -The death of the required commercial infrastructure to support the industry.
  • -The collapse of basic social services such as electricity supply.
  • -Reliable postal services.

These make the cost of carring out business to be prohibitive, discouraging and leading to the easy option of sacrificial quality for cost.

From my observation there are also some factors which have been affecting the indigenous publishers. It has been the bone of contention in this research right from the beginning, they include

  • – Low patronage from users of indigenous publishing.
  • – Failing value of naira.
  • – Importation constraint and inadequate funding
  • – High cost of printing machine.
  • -Government neglect of the industry which trends to be a significant reason for the growth of its development.

All these factors have been the greatest problems that make our indigenous publishers to be stagnant.


1.4 Objectives Of The Study

  1. To produce information that will enlighten the citizen on the importance of printing to the society.
  2. To leverage that power of knowledge expertise and publishing to find or create the right content solution to engage audience.

1.5 Aims Of The Study

  1. To disseminate information through book publishing.
  2. To fight against illiteracy in the society through book publishing.

1.6 Research Question

  1. What is the nature of book publishing activities by indigenous publisher in the state?
  2. What are the constraints to publishing in the state?
  3. How can book publishing be promoted in the state?

1.7 Scope Of The Study

It should be noted that this research study covered only the problem or constraints faced by indigenous publishers.
Due to time and financial constraints the study was limited to one particular publisher which is spring field publisher which has made the research work more easy for the researcher.


1.8 Significance Of The Study

Publishing enables the society to have knowledge concerning the history of the country and things that have gone into extinct. To give or provide a standard knowledge of things to enable the upcoming generations to have a glimpse of what happened in an ancient times.

Well, it is all about entertainment and dissemination of literature or information that is the making of information available for public view.


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

SAMPHINA

SAMPHINA

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of samphina.com.ng a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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