Job Prospects For Library And Information Science Graduates In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Library and Information Science

Job Prospects For Library And Information Science Graduates In Nigeria


Abstract


Job prospects in librarianship have been observed that not many graduates of Nigerian Universities apply to study library and Information science [LIS] in the first instance but as a last resort. This situation is unwholesome for the future of LIS profession in Nigeria.

The survey research design was adopted, with the career choice Influence, Questionnaire, as the main data collection Instrument.

A population of twenty (20) graduates responded to the questionnaires which were studied. A total of fifteen (15) related questions were used as data collection instrument.

This is to elicit some relevant information about the study. It was recommendable that all the questionnaires distributed were collected with maximum responses., one was able to know the degree of choice in librarianship aims the sexes, what motivated their choice in librarianship is conformity with their talent, abilities, aptitudes and general inclination also to know whether they will continue with librarianship as a profession and other places they will like to work as a librarian.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certificate page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of contents
  • Abstract

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Scope of the study
  • 1.3 Research question
  • 1.4 Definition of terms
  • Reference

Chapter Two

2.0 Review Of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Job concept
  • 2.3 Job prospects
  • 2.3 Job Description
  • 2.4 Job Qualification
  • 2.5 Employment Opportunities
  • 2.6 Factors affecting the career choice of graduates of library and information science in Nigeria.
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Design of the study
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Instrument of data collection
  • 3.4 Validation of instrument
  • 3.5 Procedure for data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Analysis, Interpretation and Discussion of Findings

  • 4.1 Distribution and return of questionnaire
  • 4.2 Discussion of Finding.

Chapter Five

5.0 Conclusion, Summary Of Findings And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of Finding
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background To The Study

The library is a store house of information and information of life, for decision making, business. Effective planning, communication, research and advancement, and so we cannot do without it.

The developed countries of the world appreciate the role of information. To day Nigeria being a developing country has just realized the need for libraries as information store house and for this reason, there are today various type of libraries.

Public libraries, National libraries, school libraries Academic libraries, special libraries of Nigeria, each rendering information services to their different communities of users.

Libraries and librarianship have evolved overtime in Nigeria, However, they have not yet gained a proper place Institutions and possession in the country. In site of the rice knowledge and information resources available in libraries, librarianship is among the least sought after possessions in Nigeria (Okoro, 2009).

Generally speaking strong academic background breeds good career. Lawyers, Doctors, Engineers and Accounts are traditionally held in high esteem because they all demand solid academic background, However, there are some other profession that require advance education but never receiver due respect librarianship is a profession that is dedicated to serve the general public, providing timely and accurate information, thus contributing to the development of society,

Igbinosa (2007) maintained that people, particularly students, do not like to pursue a career in librarianship. They do not realize that librarians are unsung heroes behind the successful stories of students, researchers, medical doctor etc.

Graduates in library and information science are catering for the service and operations. The library has been accepted as an important profession librarian come together and interact with the Nigerian library Association (NLA) which for years has been the linkage through its Annual General meeting, conference, seminars, workshops and other activities both at National and state level. Despite all efforts of Nigerian library Association and the services of libraries and librarians, the graduates, has not attained its full development as other graduates like medical graduates, Engineering, legal and Nursing etc.

Both professional Librarians and students’ librarians feel inferior; thus leading to their Inability to stand and defend themselves and their profession in the face of other.

Library and Information science has been not recognized until only in (1995) that it became recognized by the federal Government of Nigeria through the promulgation of Nigerians (Registration,) etc Council of Nigeria Decree 12, 1995.

In spite of all these, Ogunseye (1984) pointed out graduates in library and information science has come to stay. They are accepted as academic discipline in our Universities librarians can now say we have arrived on the Nigerian library science. This saying “tell me how you live and I will tell you will die” is one that doctors like it makes the point that how we take our life can determine the illness we get and ultimately ailment will kill us.

As a matter of fact, this can be applied to the job prospects, having live a life studying library and Information Science for a specific number of years; this is particularly true of our choice of Job in Library and Information science owing to our abilities, performances, comprehensiveness.

As it is, the Longman Dictionary of contemporary English defends Job prospects. As job Opportunity with good chance of future success. An employee would therefore require being motivated to the fulfillment of his Job, jobs are design for people and not people for jobs man labour in order to gratify his physical. Social and psychological needs .The motivation itself is determined by factors such as Job Opportunities, according to Longman Dictionary English says that job prospects is a collection of the basis of consensus, co-operation and consensus to encourage her employees towards the attainment of the goals of such Organization.

According to Edeer (1973) job development programme typically include a wide variety of activities that concerned with informing employee or Organization of library policies and procedures, motivating the employee, evaluating performances of staff and providing counseling for them as needed in any library situation. The primary purpose of these activities is to develop employees who will gain a greater sense of interest satisfaction and adjustment in their work, job development therefore is the process that ranges from training employees in job skills, to assisting them in broader areas of personal and social adjustment in the interest of individual as well as transition.

EDEER (1973) has the view still that job development is deliberately broad to cover major process of managing the human resources dump their period the growth and peak productivity.

Handbook of special librarianship and Information work (1982) states “if the desire talent in staff to be realized then certain needs must be met, learn what his tasks are, he must understand the objectives and standard of achievement expected of him.


1.2 Scope Of The Study

The researcher at studying the job prospects among library and information science graduates in Nigeria, the study is restricted to graduates within Owerri to get their views on some of the job prospects among graduates.

The scopes of the study include of financial and limited time to carryout the research. Both graduates and librarians constituted my sample population, in the light of all these. The researcher is hard pressed to explore job prospects for graduates and librarian or library officer in Owerri.

The researcher has based this study under the following hypothesis.

That good condition of service motivates graduates for performance. Those attractive conditions of services for graduates in Nigeria are best means of tapping their professional skills,


1.3 Research Questions

This research question of this project is to X-ray the Job prospects among library and information science graduates in Nigeria.

  1. What motivated your choice of career?
  2. Are you satisfied with your job?
  3. What did you consider most in your choice of career?
  4. Why did you choose career in librarianship?
  5. Is your choice of librarianship in conformity with your talents, Abilities, Aptitude and general Inclination?
  6. What are the contributions of librarianship to your goals?
  7. Do you intend to continue with librarianship as a profession?
  8. In what library will you prefer to work as a librarian? Apart from working in the library which other place will you like to work?
  9. What is your level of Professional?
  10. What would you like to achieve in life?
  11. Are you satisfied with your job?
  12. In what library would you prefer to work as a librarian?
  13. What are the contributions of librarianship to your goal?

1.4 Definition Of The Terms

Job-job is pieces of work under taking for a fixed price.

Job Prospects:

This is the job Opportunity with good chances of future success; it is a collection of techniques adopted by an Organization on the basis of consensus to encourage her employees towards the attainment of the goals of such Organization.

Library

library is a storehouse of Information and Information is very essential in every aspect of life for business, decision making and advancement.

Information Science:

This is a science that investigates the properties and behavior information, the force governing the flow of information and the means of processing information for Optimum accessibility and origination storage, retrieval, interpretation, and use of information.(provided from the conference of information scientists it is also the study of how information is transferred from the point of generation to the point of use and all the interpreting, storing, retrieving disseminating and transforming information.


Chapter Five


Summary Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The sum up so far, we can think of a career as a sequence of jobs or activities planned or unplanned, involving elements of advancement, commitment ad person development over a defined period of time.

The level of unemployment in Nigeria today cannot be over emphasized, but fortunately for library and information science graduates they do not experiences it. This shows that their job prospect in the country is quite high.

The library science graduates are people who have passed through the rigorous university (tertiary institutions) training on. A real LIS graduates, whop must have been tested and trusted, knows that library is a place where important books and the country’s archives are kept for further studies. The library systems of operation are will know but these people. This makes it possible for them to easily get employment from any of these numerous university libraries, sate libraries etc library management have been equipped on the use of library catalogue to find any information they need from the library, this is the reason they sees library as the easiest source of information in the country.

With this knowledge, many lion nary and information science graduates can enter into article writing, no novels, test books etc and thus become employers or CEO’S of themselves to make their earning this is what is called self employment .

Tourist alteration; as a well groomed library and information science graduate, they keep the archival of the country in their lib which can only be exposed to people on request. They make a lot of money through this thereby improving both their personal income and the national economy at large. This also brings tourist especially, the future to invest in this country, thereby increasing the employment rate of the country.

LIS graduates have believed that take most of them outside the country. Most of them get employed there and at times, bring down that company to Nigeria as a branch to increase put national economy and our level of employment.

They provide the country with the necessary information need fore their improvement on academic, social and political lives. They can forced the future accuracies of a particular event and they know our achieves (past events) relating them to the present can help them, forecast the future example politics, economy etc the economy for instance cannot flourish without the library and information science graduates in that without the proper review of the past document, we can not known the next step forward. With these knowledge being impact, on them during their university training and library and information science graduate in this country has a very high job prospects.


5.2 Conclusion

To be a librarian is to be part of an important and rapidly growing filled. The important of the library profession lies in brining the knowledge of the past the areas that shape the future and means of enjoyment to people of all ages.
The library profession offer a wide variety of careers, because there are so many kinds if librarians and library services. A librarian can chose to follow a career in any kinds of librarians’ public, school, college or university, research government or special. This library career or special. This librarian career may involve services to the general public, children young adults’ advices students and scholar’s public officials or professional people. A librarian also has wide range of choice in the kind of work they do in the library.


5.3 Recommendations

The investigator have suggested that qualification force the individual to think more about what one really wants out of life.

The first obvious in for career counseling, It is best used by a trained counselor who would be in a position to provided profess ional help in assessing abilities an identifying available occupational optioned. But the individual who wants to make a decisions concerning caress could also usefully use this techniques personally lack of adequate train manpower and materials in this special field librarianships of education has retarded progress in its services in Nigeria thereby affecting it s choice by students.

In the meantime, this country ought to provide counseling services at the secondary schools level, to enable us to help presented drift among our mental agong people waster because of lack of guidance on what to do after completing one level of education but many must have been told of their non suitability for higher education.


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