The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria

Project and Seminar Material for Curriculum Studies

The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria


Abstract


The study intend to investigate the effect of western civilization on history curriculum for senior secondary schools in Nigeria. I believe that history teaches people who they are and where they come from and thus equips them to learn from their past and prosper due to the analysis of the accomplishments and faults of their ancestors. I was curious to see how and what Nigerians are taught about their past since their Western style education system has been structured after the British education system. I also wanted to find out how much is taught about the African Diaspora in the lower and upper levels of education. History is not a separate subject until senior secondary school (SSS) so that was the level at which I focused on most. I wanted to discover all the aspects of teaching history in Nigeria by looking at the curriculum, teaching strategies, the syllabus, and textbooks to see if History is a subject relating to Nigerian students live and futures.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

For a start, I argue that colonialism, slave trade and missionaries are the pioneers of Western civilization in Africa. This is true to the extent that colonialism serves as a vehicle of western civilization in Africa. Colonialism, perceived in this context, is a forceful imposition of foreign rule over indigenous traditional political setting and foreign dominance and subjugation of Africans in all spheres of their social, political, educationally, economic and religious civilizations.

Western civilization began to creep into African socio-cultural settings, first, with the contact of Europeans with Africa, a consequence of Berlin conference in the quest for imperial theft of African resources and, later, consolidated by the unstoppable wave of globalization. It is important to stress that colonialism distorted and slowed the pace and tempo of cultural growth and trend of civilization in Africa. One of the most profound consequences of colonization has been how the political and economic rape of the colonies has also led to what sometimes seem to be an unbridgeable cultural gap between the nations that were the beneficiaries of colonization and those that were the victims of the colonial assault. The era of colonial pillage and plunder led to the relative stagnation and often precipitous decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the colonies.

Westernization could also be referred to as part of civilization; many countries believe that civilization represents western culture because civilization naturally originates from them. Many western technologies, cultures and customs like dress codes, hair styles, vehicles, buildings, music, language, educational development and materialism are introduced to different parts of the world.

Western influence and westernization have led to the extinction of indigenous languages and cultures of many societies in the world. Nigerian educational growth and development have suffered base on the adoption of western civilisation and values.


1.2 Statement of the General Problem

The poor study in history education in secondary schools coupled with the poor academic performance of the few students who venture into history education has been a cause for a major concern as the rate of failure has continued to increase as the day progresses. The lack of effective adherence to the curriculum in secondary schools in the teaching of history education may have been the cause of these poor studies of history education. These poor adherences to the curriculum in history in education have resulted in the slow growth or complete stagnation of the educational system in Nigeria.


1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study

The major aim of the study is to examine the effect of western civilization on history education curriculum for senior secondary schools in Nigeria. Other specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To examine the general effects of civilization on the educational sector of Nigeria.
  2. To determine the importance of history education in Nigeria.
  3. To assess the developmental level of history education in Nigeria.
  4. To recommend ways of improving the study of history education in secondary schools.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the general effects of civilization on the educational sector of Nigeria?
  2. What is the importance of history education in Nigeria?
  3. What is the developmental level of history education in Nigeria?
  4. What is the effect of western civilization on history education curriculum in secondary schools?
  5. What are the ways of improving the study of history education in secondary schools?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • H0: Western civilization has no effect on history education curriculum in senior secondary schools in Nigeria.
  • H1: Western civilization has an effect on history education curriculum in senior secondary schools in Nigeria.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study would greatly improve the study of history education in Nigerian secondary schools. the study would also benefit students, researchers and scholars who are interested in developing a further study on the subject matter.


1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The study is restricted to the effect of western civilization on history education curriculum for senior secondary schools using Using somolu LGA Lagos state as a case study.

Limitation of the Study
Financial constraint:

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview)

Time constraint:

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study


1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

Curriculum

According to Obanya (2004a), curriculum is the total package of what is to be taught or learnt. He describes it as a process of translating national educational objectives into ‘within-school do-ables

History

History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory.

Civilization

A civilization or civilisation is any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification imposed by a cultural elite, symbolic systems of communication, and a perceived separation.


1.9 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the effect of western civilization on history education curriculum for senior secondary schools in Nigeria.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the effect of western civilization on history education curriculum.


5.2 Summary

The History syllabus seemed to be a base point for teachers to supplement in order to reach their goals in teaching. The teachers I talked to often bring outside reading and knowledge into the classroom to expand on topics that the syllabus skims over. The effort by the teacher determines how much the students will learn about history since the textbook and syllabus are broad and generalized sources. The teachers I observed appeared to really enjoy their jobs and the subject matter they were teaching and therefore caused students to also become enthusiastic about the subject. However, Nigerian schools are lacking in funding and incentives for students and teachers. Most teachers do not have enough textbooks and rarely get money for excursions. Without exposure to historical sites, students are denied first hand interaction with what they learn in the classroom. Hopefully, the new government will propose reforms that will spend more money on education and teachers. The curriculum planners should also reform the core subjects by adding History, making it compulsory rather than an optional course. Without young people learning about the past, they will not know how to move toward a brighter future.


5.3 Conclusion

The findings of the study revealed that Nigerian secondary school curriculum is fairly but not effectively implemented. Evidence yielded by the study revealed the following factors as the root cause of the problem: theory-based teaching method, insufficient specialist teachers, lack of infrastructural facilities and workshops for practical work, lack of entrepreneurial knowledge. Further evidence yielded by the study suggest there is seemingly gradual progression towards achieving the goals of secondary education system, however, the fundamental challenges as highlighted in the study should be effectively addressed for the curriculum to fully equip the youth with the necessary entrepreneurial knowledge, skills, values and attitude for them to live as competent members of the society and contribute to nation building. The findings of the study have some policy implication. The current Nigeria education curriculum structure on which this study hinged is on the verge of being phased out come 2011 to be replaced with the new 9-year Basic Education Curriculum and Senior Secondary School Curriculum structure, with stronger emphasis on the need for skill acquisition, job creation, and wealth generation, among other objectives (Obioma 2009). In effect, this study is considered timely and useful in providing the much needed data that will assist the Federal Government of Nigeria through its curriculum development agency, Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC), to gauge the level of success of current implementation and be better able to plan towards an implementation that will instill basic skills in Nigerian youth to ensure their socio-economic empowerment.


5.4 Recommendations

The Federal and State Government should make it a point of duty to build infrastructural facilities including functional workshops in all secondary schools across the nation with adequate provision of workshop equipment, Instructional materials, and tools to make teaching and learning of the skill-based subjects meaningful. This way, students will have the opportunity to engage in practical works, which is the major aspect of the curriculum. Students should be encouraged to have interest in the skill-based [vocational and technical] subjects, hence should be accorded appropriate recognition. There is need for a change in the mind-set of youth to see self-employment as an option and be prepared psychologically and emotionally for it. This will enable them to be more motivated in identifying entrepreneurial opportunities. To this end, entrepreneurship education should be made integral part of vocational and technical teaching-learning process. With the recent emphasis on the need for youth self-employment, the Federal Government is equally expected to create the enabling environment that will promote entrepreneurship by ensuring constant power supply in the country, without this the youth will become discouraged and return to idleness. The best of theories in education has opined that no educational system could rise above the level of quality of its teachers. Vocational and technical teachers must be highly trained and acquire enough skills to be able to communicate their skills to students effectively.


The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “The Effect Of Western Civilization On History Education Curriculum For Senior Secondary Schools In Nigeria” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.