The Constraints To Increased Agricultural Production Through Agricultural Cooperative Societies (A Case Study Of Selected Agricultural Cooperatives In Owerri North LGA Imo State)
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This project is dedicated to God Almighty for His grace and infinite mercy throughout my study.
I also dedicate this work to my beloved brother Mr. & Mrs. Kingsley Nwaike for their effort towards the betterment of my future.
I sincerely wish to express my gratitude to God Almighty for His kindness towards my staying in Nekede in my Higher National Diploma.
I honestly wish to acknowledge the effort of Mr. & Mrs. Paul Nwaike, Mr. & Mrs. Kingsley Nwaike, brother Tony Ikenna, sister Rose, Chidimma and all the rest of my family members for their prayer and efforts towards my achievement in the academic field.
Also my lecturers, my Supervisor, my friends in school and the management of Federal Polytechnic for their successful guidance during my Higher National Diploma. May God bless you all.
The major purpose of this study was to determine the constraints to increased agricultural production through agricultural cooperative societies. Structural questionnaire was constructed to collected primary data for this study. The hypothesis was formula to guide the study while 5% of level of significant was to test the hypothesis.
Finally, it was observed that the farmer’s cooperative in Owerri North were facing so many problems to increase agricultural production, these include:Lack of capital, difficulties in obtaining government facilities, lack of storage facilities, inadequate market outlet and attitude of banks towards agricultural cooperatives etc.
Table Of Contents
- Title page i
- Certification ii
- Dedication iii
- Acknowledgements iv
- Abstract v
- Table of contents vi
- 1.0 Introduction 1
- 1.1 General overview of the study 2
- 1.2 Statement of the problem 4
- 1.3 Objective of the study 5
- 1.4 Scope of the study 6
- 1.5 Research hypothesis 7
- 1.6 Significance of the study 7
- 1.7 Limitations of the study 8
- 1.8 Definition of terms 8
- 2.0 Review of related literature 10
- 2.1 The concept of increased agricultural production 11
- 2.2 The nature of agricultural cooperatives 12
- 2.3 The activities of cooperative societies 15
- 2.4 Problems of agricultural cooperative societies 17
- 2.5 Effects of these problems on increased agricultural production 19
- 2.6 Suggested solution to the problems 20
- 3.0 Research design and methodology 23
- 3.1 Sources of data collection 23
- 3.2 Methods of data collection 24
- 3.3 Research population 24
- 3.4 Sample size 25
- 3.5 Methods of data analysis 25
- 4.0 Data Presentation and analysis 28
- 4.1 Analysis of data 37
- 4.2 Test of hypothesis 39
- 5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations 43
- 5.1 Summary of findings 43
- 5.2 Conclusion 45
- 5.3 Recommendation 45
- Bibliography 47
- Appendix 48
Agricultural cooperative is a system by which farmers or associated agricultural related workers or business men are organized to help members increased their productivity and profit from their business. Agricultural cooperative engage in the production, marketing, processing and distribution of agricultural products. Therefore, all the cooperative societies that operate in the agricultural sector are engaged in these different operations belong to the group of agricultural cooperative.
In Imo State most inhabitants survive through agriculture and their main occupation is subsistence farming which attracted the interest of many cooperative societies, both the old and new ones. Increasing the agricultural productions was their main target and at the same time lifting the level of it size and qualities. Most of the crop couldn’t grow well in other to product that was several affected were coca yams, vegetables cassava stems, yam tubers, and other root crops.
The constraints to increased agricultural production through cooperative societies Igobo (1996) said. It is now on the government that dependence on the external sources of fund because it has ties their independence to the uncertainties of ridiculed.
1.1 General Overview Of The Study
Cooperative movement all over the world has been considered or taken as both means and instrument of development whereby individual as group of people with common socio-economic come together mutually to take and solve their common socio-economic problems. In our country today, sources of statements have been made in the newspapers and how others news media by scholars advocating the use of cooperative societies for the development and increasement of standard of living of the rural people.
In Nigeria, over 60 percent of populations are involved in agriculture. The green revolution as conceived in Nigeria was a cell for an accelerated increase in agricultural production through radial modernization of agriculture by removing all the known constraints to increased production and the provision of needed inputs and agricultural mechanization.
Moreover, many programmes has been introduced by the federal government in support of development agricultural in rural area such as Agricultural Development Project (ADP), National Agricultural Land Development Authority (NALDA), Directorate of Food, Road and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI), Better Life Programme (BLP), National Accelerated Food Production (NAFP), Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) etc, Recently, “the Family Support Programme (FSP) was introduce by the Federal Government with the aim of increasing the life of the rural dwellers through the formation of Cooperative movement .
Cooperative movement spans through many aspect of our economic life such as production consumption, distribution, thrift saving and the provision of rural infrastructures.
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
Nigeria has embarked on various programmes and policies costing hundred of millions of naira aimed at reviving the depressed agricultural sector.
In view of this agricultural cooperative was instituted so as to organize the small scale farmers who are still involved in manual labour type of farming in cooperative and had failed to produce enough food for our teaming population thereby forcing the country to be involved in importation of large quantity of food with a huge percentage decline in agricultural experts.
All these government efforts have not actually had much significant increasement in this sector, as much emphasis is now being placed on agricultural.
This call for urgent re-examination of the role of these agricultural products its aim of facilitating the attainment of self sufficient in agricultural and making agricultural to take its prime position in the national economy of this country.
1.3 Objective Of The Study
The general purpose of this project research is to undertake a study of the existing farmers cooperative societies and their effect increasing the development of agricultural and also the study has the following objectives:
- To identify the constraints to increased agricultural productivity.
- To identify the problems facing agricultural cooperative societies.
- To identify the effects of decreased agricultural production.
- To suggests ways and means for enhancing the effectiveness of these agricultural societies.
1.4 Scope Of The Study
This study will attempt to examine the policies of Owerri North Local Government development in agricultural and the important of cooperative in increasing agriculture production. The constraint in achieving the desired developing in agriculture and providing possible solution to overcome them shall also be examined in this project research.
However, in preparing this report the researcher has been handicapped by inadequate of time to take a more detail research.
Also within the time available, it has not been easy to contact most of the members of the cooperative and the state cooperative farm land whose farm land labour requirement is largely supplied by his family.
The sells and send in a localized market the requires show initial capital investment farm on smallholding with simple technology and at least 60% of his annual income from agriculture.
1.5 Research Hypothesis
- Ho Agricultural production cannot be increased through agricultural cooperatives society.
- HA Agricultural production can be increased through agricultural cooperatives society.
1.6 Significance Of The Study
Agriculture is important in order to sustain any economy. Meanwhile, bring together the agricultural sector, any effort geared at carrying out research aimed at increasing the agricultural production should be considered and any suggestion on the increasement of agricultural cooperative should be on the sector.
Presently, our farmers are not adequately remunerated despite the fact that they bend over double trying to make the state self-sufficient and self-reliant in food production but they cannot compete with their counterpart nation, if they are organized cooperative increased productivity enhanced the profit maximized to them and farmer will look more attractive.
1.7 Limitation Of The Study
In the research work it requires finance. Money is required to gather relevant materials; type the completed works as well as to meet up with other contingencies.
The limiting factor of time, time is very essential in any research work, some information could be left out in order to meet up with time schedule.
Lastly, attitude of respondents, they don’t give out information to the researcher.
1.8 Definition Of Terms
The index of the ratio of the value of the total farm output to the value of the total input used in farm production.
Is the process of producing foodstuff and farming related products.
Small-Scale Individual Farms:
This implies a farmer whose total cultivable counterpart the nation of Nigeria, not to talk to the world. If they are organized in cooperative increased productivity enhanced the profit maximized and their farming will once more look attractive.
This types provides individual service to number the cooperative main functions which provide credit supply and market and storage. The cooperative has no handle in the supervision and management affairs of members farm.
Is a voluntary economic association in which the member’s share the earned dividends the financial benefits that result from doing business at cost or without profits.
Opined that cooperative is a form of organization wherein person (farmer’s volunteering associate together on the basis of equality for the production of their economic interest. In Yanga (1998).
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The structure of a good project work
Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.
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2. Literature review
Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.
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Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.
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