The Constraints To Increased Agricultural Production Through Agricultural Cooperative Societies (A Case Study Of Selected Agricultural Cooperatives In Owerri North LGA Imo State)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management (CEM)

The Constraints To Increased Agricultural Production Through Agricultural Cooperative Societies (A Case Study Of Selected Agricultural Cooperatives In Owerri North LGA Imo State)


Abstract


The major purpose of this study was to determine the constraints to increased agricultural production through agricultural cooperative societies. Structural questionnaire was constructed to collected primary data for this study. The hypothesis was formula to guide the study while 5% of level of significant was to test the hypothesis.

Finally, it was observed that the farmer’s cooperative in Owerri North were facing so many problems to increase agricultural production, these include: Lack of capital, difficulties in obtaining government facilities, lack of storage facilities, inadequate market outlet and attitude of banks towards agricultural cooperatives etc.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgements
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 General overview of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the study
  • 1.4 Scope of the study
  • 1.5 Research hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 The concept of increased agricultural production
  • 2.2 The nature of agricultural cooperatives
  • 2.3 The activities of cooperative societies
  • 2.4 Problems of agricultural cooperative societies
  • 2.5 Effects of these problems on increased agricultural production
  • 2.6 Suggested solution to the problems

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Sources of data collection
  • 3.2 Methods of data collection
  • 3.3 Research population
  • 3.4 Sample size
  • 3.5 Methods of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Analysis of data
  • 4.2 Test of hypothesis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Agricultural cooperative is a system by which farmers or associated agricultural related workers or business men are organized to help members increased their productivity and profit from their business. Agricultural cooperative engage in the production, marketing, processing and distribution of agricultural products. Therefore, all the cooperative societies that operate in the agricultural sector are engaged in these different operations belong to the group of agricultural cooperative.

In Imo State most inhabitants survive through agriculture and their main occupation is subsistence farming which attracted the interest of many cooperative societies, both the old and new ones. Increasing the agricultural productions was their main target and at the same time lifting the level of it size and qualities. Most of the crop couldn’t grow well in other to product that was several affected were coca yams, vegetables cassava stems, yam tubers, and other root crops.

The constraints to increased agricultural production through cooperative societies Igobo (1996) said. It is now on the government that dependence on the external sources of fund because it has ties their independence to the uncertainties of ridiculed.


1.1 General Overview Of The Study

Cooperative movement all over the world has been considered or taken as both means and instrument of development whereby individual as group of people with common socio-economic come together mutually to take and solve their common socio-economic problems. In our country today, sources of statements have been made in the newspapers and how others news media by scholars advocating the use of cooperative societies for the development and increasement of standard of living of the rural people.

In Nigeria, over 60 percent of populations are involved in agriculture. The green revolution as conceived in Nigeria was a cell for an accelerated increase in agricultural production through radial modernization of agriculture by removing all the known constraints to increased production and the provision of needed inputs and agricultural mechanization.

Moreover, many programmes has been introduced by the federal government in support of development agricultural in rural area such as Agricultural Development Project (ADP), National Agricultural Land Development Authority (NALDA), Directorate of Food, Road and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI), Better Life Programme (BLP), National Accelerated Food Production (NAFP), Operation Feed the Nation (OFN) etc, Recently, “the Family Support Programme (FSP) was introduce by the Federal Government with the aim of increasing the life of the rural dwellers through the formation of Cooperative movement .

Cooperative movement spans through many aspect of our economic life such as production consumption, distribution, thrift saving and the provision of rural infrastructures.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Nigeria has embarked on various programmes and policies costing hundred of millions of naira aimed at reviving the depressed agricultural sector.

In view of this agricultural cooperative was instituted so as to organize the small scale farmers who are still involved in manual labour type of farming in cooperative and had failed to produce enough food for our teaming population thereby forcing the country to be involved in importation of large quantity of food with a huge percentage decline in agricultural experts.

All these government efforts have not actually had much significant increasement in this sector, as much emphasis is now being placed on agricultural.

This call for urgent re-examination of the role of these agricultural products its aim of facilitating the attainment of self sufficient in agricultural and making agricultural to take its prime position in the national economy of this country.


1.3 Objective Of The Study

The general purpose of this project research is to undertake a study of the existing farmers cooperative societies and their effect increasing the development of agricultural and also the study has the following objectives:

  1. To identify the constraints to increased agricultural productivity.
  2. To identify the problems facing agricultural cooperative societies.
  3. To identify the effects of decreased agricultural production.
  4. To suggests ways and means for enhancing the effectiveness of these agricultural societies.

1.4 Scope Of The Study

This study will attempt to examine the policies of Owerri North Local Government development in agricultural and the important of cooperative in increasing agriculture production. The constraint in achieving the desired developing in agriculture and providing possible solution to overcome them shall also be examined in this project research.

However, in preparing this report the researcher has been handicapped by inadequate of time to take a more detail research.

Also within the time available, it has not been easy to contact most of the members of the cooperative and the state cooperative farm land whose farm land labour requirement is largely supplied by his family.
The sells and send in a localized market the requires show initial capital investment farm on smallholding with simple technology and at least 60% of his annual income from agriculture.


1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho Agricultural production cannot be increased through agricultural cooperatives society.
  • HA Agricultural production can be increased through agricultural cooperatives society.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

Agriculture is important in order to sustain any economy. Meanwhile, bring together the agricultural sector, any effort geared at carrying out research aimed at increasing the agricultural production should be considered and any suggestion on the increasement of agricultural cooperative should be on the sector.

Presently, our farmers are not adequately remunerated despite the fact that they bend over double trying to make the state self-sufficient and self-reliant in food production but they cannot compete with their counterpart nation, if they are organized cooperative increased productivity enhanced the profit maximized to them and farmer will look more attractive.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

In the research work it requires finance. Money is required to gather relevant materials; type the completed works as well as to meet up with other contingencies.

The limiting factor of time, time is very essential in any research work, some information could be left out in order to meet up with time schedule.

Lastly, attitude of respondents, they don’t give out information to the researcher.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Agricultural Productivity:

The index of the ratio of the value of the total farm output to the value of the total input used in farm production.

Farm Production:

Is the process of producing foodstuff and farming related products.

Small-Scale Individual Farms:

This implies a farmer whose total cultivable counterpart the nation of Nigeria, not to talk to the world. If they are organized in cooperative increased productivity enhanced the profit maximized and their farming will once more look attractive.

Auxiliary Cooperative:

This types provides individual service to number the cooperative main functions which provide credit supply and market and storage. The cooperative has no handle in the supervision and management affairs of members farm.

Cooperative Society:

Is a voluntary economic association in which the member’s share the earned dividends the financial benefits that result from doing business at cost or without profits.

Farmer’s Cooperative:

Opined that cooperative is a form of organization wherein person (farmer’s volunteering associate together on the basis of equality for the production of their economic interest. In Yanga (1998).


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

This chapter summarizes all the findings made which was presented in the previous chapter for finding out the constraints of increased agricultural production through agricultural cooperative societies. The conclusion and recommendation based on the findings are also accommodated in this chapter.


5.1 Summary Of Findings

In table 1, which showed that respondents agreed that, is very important to increase agricultural production through agricultural cooperative society.

Table 2 as well revealed that the respondents agreed that it help to increase agricultural production while no one think otherwise. Also table 3 revealed that the respondents encountered problems in agricultural cooperative in the area. The people of Owerri North as shown in table 4 that agricultural helps to yielding of high productivity and generation of employment. Table 5 showed that agricultural play an important role in the economy respondents agreed that educating their members is necessary (Table 6).

On the other hand, table 7 showed that lack of access to land is the major constraints to increased agricultural productivity. The problems facing agricultural cooperative is lack of patronage as shown in table 8. In a related issue table 9 revealed that loss of interest in agricultural work effect of not increasing agricultural productivity.

Table 10 showed that solution to these problems is that government should help in fund agricultural cooperative through loans and encouragement to the young generation. In spite of increasing agricultural Table 11 showed that they used fertilizers. And also used barn as storage facilities as showed in Table 12. The agricultural cooperative society markets their product at urban market as showed in table 13.


5.2 Conclusion

Agriculture has being the main economic sector of the countries for the purpose of making great effort in the development of the entire national economy and the society. To increase the agricultural productivity the farmers are not to be left alone, the government has to assist them by providing the farmers input, access to obtain loans and access to land as to ensure mass production.


5.3 Recommendations

Having seen the views of the respondents the researcher thereby recommends that: More fund should be made available for the smooth running of the agricultural cooperative societies. This could be achieved through ensure that loans are given to farmers without much bureaucracy. They should be a financial institution that its duties are similar to Nigeria Agricultural Cooperative and Rural Development Bank (NACRDS) to ensure that the loans they are giving to the members are not diverted.

Moreover, easy access to consolidation of land so that the government will equally help in the creation of an effective cooperative and encouragement of large scale production by mapping out agricultural land to cooperative farmers.

Finally, it is good to allow as many members as possible into the cooperative so as to generate much fund. These will crate more revenue for the cooperative to be able to obtain both social and economic efficiency by reaping the benefits of specialization and economic scale.


The Constraints To Increased Agricultural Production Through Agricultural Cooperative Societies (A Case Study Of Selected Agricultural Cooperatives In Owerri North LGA Imo State)


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