The Contributions Of Government To The Development Of Cooperatives In Nigeria (A Study Of Ekwusigo L.G.A In Anambra State)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

The Contributions Of Government To The Development Of Cooperatives In Nigeria (A Study Of Ekwusigo L.G.A In Anambra State)


The research topic tagged “The Contributions of Government to the Development of Cooperatives in Rural Areas” (A case study of Ekwusigo L.G.A) was conducted to examine the performance and contribution of government in rural areas. In pursuance of this investigation the research work covers five chapters.

Chapter one deals with the introduction, background of study, research question, statement of hypothesis, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations of the study and definitions of terms.

Chapter two deals with the review of related literature to the topic of this project and related them to the study on hand to show that the process adopted in this study is real.

Chapter three deals with the design for the study and methodology of the analysis.

Chapter four deals with the data presentation, analysis and interpretation, data collection were presented in a tabular form while percentage was used for the analysis.

Chapter five deals with summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation of the research based on the outwork.

Table Of Contents

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research question
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitations of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Historical development of cooperative in rural agricultural
  • 2.3 Meaning of cooperative society
  • 2.4 Objective of rural development
  • 2.5 Scope for attaining rural development
  • 2.6 Concept of rural development
  • 2.7 Need for cooperative society
  • 2.8 Functions of cooperative society
  • 2.9 Problem of cooperative society
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 research design
  • 3.3 Sources/methods of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sample techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Test of hypotheses

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

Cooperative society and cooperative that engage in the processing, marketing and distribution of agricultural product. Therefore all the cooperative societies that operate in eth agricultural sector are engaging in the different operations along to the group of cooperative society.

An important form of cooperative society in Nigerian is the group farming society (GFS) members of this society engage in the production of a variety of crops while they also arrange for the marketing of such crops. Some other cooperative societies are devoted to the cultivation of single crop and such societies are named after the crop e.g tomatoes grower’s cooperation. Cooperative society we stock farmers cooperative societies operative on a set of principles which distinguish it forms other forms of business.

These principles guide the management staff with respect to function that led to the success of the society. The development of eth cooperative society is dependent on the knowledge skills and ability of are management staff. It is also dependant to an extent on the government and the support greatest likelihood for success is an communities having progressive development programmes (Williams 1974). The government and non-government programmes mostly about these community development programmes.

1.1 Background Of The Study

To develop the local government area the problems facing them should be solved or at least minimized. This needs the adoption and efficient implementation of certain development strategies and programmes.

The concept of rural development is an extension of the term development “Development” itself can be defined broadly as the process by which people create and recreate themselves and their life circumstance to realize higher levels of civilization in accordance with their own choices and values.

Rural development can be defined as strategies policies and their people through the promotion of social life and economic activities carried out in such areas of agriculture, rural development also aim at the promotion and exploration of economic and social infrastructure and institution with the ultimate aim of achieving a fuller utilization of the deniable physical and human resources and resulting in greater creation of employment opportunities, higher output and income.

Rural development also involve improving the literacy level of the people and broadening the democratic base of the grass root communities, local government and the nation at large and this allows the rural people to participate more fully and effectively in the development process and practice of the nation and ensuring grater economic and social justices. They must be familiar with and accepts the institutional method involved and used the development process.

1.2 Statement Of The Problems

The condition of villages in Nigeria today is so dissatisfaction that those villages in some local government areas which were once like heaven on earth to their inhabitance are today the images of poverty hunger, assault, incidence of aimed robbery and murder have became the talk of the day.

Litigations are resorted to over trifles and this creates persistent natural enmity. They dry and gloomy faces of the villages in the local government areas advertise their how state of health.

The villages who were once known for honestly in their habitants today give shelter to people who surpass their other people.

In villages where once the idea of morality was very high, corruption rural area and social irrelevance have today passed all limits. Indebtedness and unemployment have turned the villages into detestable places to live.
These numerous rural problems can be grouped into three main chasses, economic problem agricultural problem and social problem.

1.3 Objective Of The Study

This research has the major objective of findings how cooperative societies can contribute immensely to the development of Ekwusigo Local Government Area and as well as other rural areas.

Specific objective are:

  1. To identify the socio-economic characteristics associated with co-operative societies.
  2. To identify the support for modern farming investment for industrial development and expansion of market through co-operative societies.
  3. To assess the volume of viable co-operative societies.
  4. To identify the problems of co-operative societies in Ekwusigo Local Government Area.
  5. To recommend on how to improve co-operative societies in order to develop rural areas.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. How would cooperative societies contribute to me development of Ekwusigo Local Government Area?
  2. What are the social-economic benefits of belonging to co-operative?
  3. Can cooperative members improve their standard of living?
  4. Do cooperative societies increase farmer’s income in Ekwusigo Local Government Area?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

There is the need for the development of over society and Ekwusigo Local Government Area in particular through cooperative society societies. This analytical study shows the extent of some particular proposal for solution to these problems of rural development through co-operative society.

The greatest concern which African Government can look on is how our rural and local government area can be developed cooperative societies. It is envisaged that the findings suggestions and recommendations of this study will be beneficial to all non members and non members of cooperative society and government as well.

The various government of African are showing in recent years towards local government development as well as our society’s development at large, but some the impediments limitations against this development I our societies and rural areas in hindered by some odd. Rural development is understandable when viewed against the background of the relative neglect of these areas in spite of their importance.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study covers selected cooperative society in Ekwusigo Local Government Area including Obudi Agwa etc.

1.7 Limitations Of The Study

In writing this project, there are some difficulties that militated against this study, such as the time schedule, gathering of the research materials even inadequate finance. All these seem to be major problem of this reseach work. Another limitation of this study is the respondent’s attitude poor activities and way of life of most Nigerians coupled with illiteracy is also great obstacles. Some respondent’s were unwilling to give out the relevant information and this uncooperative attitude occurred mostly when they were not sure that this will be used for only research purpose.

1.8 Definition Of Terms

For clarification purpose and evidence of doubt this project work have taken into cognizance of some definitions of notable they word as follows:-


According to oxford advanced learners dictionary appraisal could be defined as a judgment of eth value, performance or nature of something or somebody.


This simply means an action or services that help to improve something.


This is the science cultivation of crops and rearing of animals for the use of man production of goods fibre and other raw materials for industrial use.


Co-operative could be defined as an autonomous, voluntary open association of persons, in a sociological sense, with variable membership and variable capital whose members have pooled their resources on the basic of self help solidarities mutual assistant and self reliant to form a democratic managed, control business enterprise in which the members actively participate and whose members basic objective is the promotion of the social economic interest of eth members through resolution of at lest socio-economic of those members duals capacity as either owner customers or owner employees in auxiliary and productive cooperative society.

Cooperative Society:

These are cooperative societies that engage in the production, processing marketing and distribution of agricultural products.


According advanced learner’s dictionary development means the gradual growth of something so that it becomes more advanced stronger etc. It also means a multidimensional process involving the re-organization and reorientation of the entire economic and social system.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary Of Findings

The contribution of cooperative society’s to rural development in the greater degree of satisfaction and fulfillment of the member’s economic needs than by individual’s actions. The improvement sometimes affects either the price level or standard of services. Rural development connotes these activities geared towards enhancing rural life. It is a dimensional function. It involves many experts executing different functions like community development, rural development attracts the services of expertise in engineering education, development economist, sociologist, sociologist etc.

As earlier stated, government is a catalyst of development and therefore should provides institutional and technical support needed to fit rural areas out off poverty. Then international agencies and other development agencies can come in and play their role in confliction with the inhabitants. Rural development is people oriented; the people are architect of development as well as the beneficiaries. So every towards rural development must have the capacity of enhancing human welfare, cooperative society’s contribute to rural development by policy individuals, resources and result in eth following economic advantages.

  1. Superior market position and control over prices through.
    • The accumulated bargaining power of individual members.
    • The shorten market chains after the exclusion of middlemen.
  2. An increase adaptability to the market through the great commercial experience of the society manager who can make better use of the existing trade practice and is better equipped to negotiable business transaction and to anticipate development in the market.

5.2 Conclusion

If the hope of the presenter of this project that a lot can be achieved to promote the efficiency of cooperative society’s in the development of the rural areas, if those recommendations, for example:-

  1. Employing qualified manpower, training and retraining of staff.
  2. Clear government policy.
  3. Establishing and effective organization structure.
  4. Cooperative development should be involved on cooperative, rural state or federal development policy.
  5. Existing infrastructural and supporting services which are not adequate for effective cooperative performance should be beeted up.
  6. Greater government support should be put in place for effective cooperative performance.
  7. There should be mobilization of farmers and the rural people under cooperative movement to integrated them for increased production of food storage ad processing.
  8. Cooperative societies should be involved in import promotion of forwarding and clearing business in Nigeria.

5.3 Recommendations

In order to address the problem and made co-operative society’s function effectively as agent rural development, the following recommendations should be adapted such as :-

  1. Government should comment with clear policy regarding its relationship with cooperative government.
  2. There must be a close working relationship between government agricultural development agencies and cooperative.
  3. There should be full time employee and a proper coordinated trading programme drawn up for them.
  4. There should be blast from financial institutions and government officials against cooperatives. They should be assessed on their merit.
  5. There must be sustained co-operative education in order to enlighten members on their roles and to show the general public the important role cooperative can play in development process.
  6. Development of practical techniques and methods for better conservation management and utilization of our national resources.
  7. There should be more involved in assisting cooperatives with incentives to induced increase membership.
  8. Research result should be made available to farmers through cooperative societies.

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