The Role Of Women Cooperatives In Rural Women Economic Empowerment (A Case Study Of Selected Women Co-Operatives In Aboh Mbaise Local Government Area)


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Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM


Dedication


The project is dedicated to god almighty who is my strength, and thanks goes to my beloved parents Mr. And Mrs. Alozie Aliche who through their immense assistance had encouraged me during this exercise; and my very rev. Vincent Eńeremadu.

May the heavenly god richly bless them. Amen.


Acknowledgement


I am not divine, i am a human and being a human, i am finite and since finite goes with dependence, i am also dependent. I wish therefore to thank all those whom i depended upon and whose contribution helped in the realization of this work.

Firstly, my thanks goes to God almighty for his immense love, protection and preservation for me. I also thank my supervisor Mr. Pious Okey Bendola, my HOD Mr. Isaac Dickson Ozitem and also to all my lecturers in school of business, my elder brother and elder sister Chinenye alozie and Ijeoma Alozie.


Abstract


The role of women cooperatives in rural women economic empowerment (a case study of selected women co-operatives in Aboh Mbaise LGA). Data was generated by questionnaires distributed among registered cooperative societies and government policies in rural areas. Cooperative has contributed by providing farm inputs to rural area.


Table Of Contents


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table Of Contents

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background Of The Study
  • 1.2 Statement Of The Problem
  • 1.3 Objective Of The Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significant Of The Study
  • 1.6 Scope Of The Study
  • 1.7 Limitation Of The Study
  • 1.8 Definition Of The Terms

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Literature Review
  • 2.1 The Concept Of Rural Development
  • 2.2 Women In The Economy
  • 2.3 Women In Nigeria Co-Operative
  • 2.4 The Importance Of Women In Rural Development
  • 2.5 Women In Small Scale Co-Operative Industries
  • 2.6 Women Co-Operative Education As A Base For Rural Development

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Research Design And Methodology
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 The Population Of The Study And Determination Of The Sample Size
  • 3.4 Sources Of Data
  • 3.5 Method Of Data Analysis
  • 3.6 Pattern Of Distribution Of Questionnaire
  • 3.7 Validation Of Research Instrument/Reliability Of The Research Instrument

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Data Presentation And Analysis
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation Of Data
  • 4.3 Analysis Of Data
  • 4.4 Interpretation Of Results

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Findings, Recommendations And Conclusion
  • 5.1 Summary Of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The lack of data on the level of involvement of women in the economy, activities in Nigeria had made it impossible to assess roles and contribution towards the economic growth of Nigeria.

Though women contribute over 80% of the national food supply, their economic power are still limited. They have limited access to ownership of land sand housing limited participation in national building. Women empowerment and their roles are determined by the society and also by the societal perception.

One cannot therefore overemphasize the important role which cooperative movement can play on the lives of women in nigeria especially in this era of food shortage and economic depression. This present study goes on to investigate the contribution of cooperative society in the economic empowerment of women and the problem militating against the participation of women in the cooperative society with a view of making recommendation
one of the constraints of rural women’s economic advancement in nigeria has been blamed by the school of thought, one of the inability of nigeria women to embrace cooperative way of doing business, hellen (1965).

This is because cooperative is one of the most effective vehicle for organizing rural production. Cooperative is not only the suitable organizational frame work for accelerated rural development but also they are veritable instrument for assisting women in the achievement of increased output of farm products.
for instance, in the procurement of farm inputs like fertilizers, improved seedling credits as well as in the product shortage and marketing.

The international banking mission which studies and reported on the nigeria economy in 1954 appreciated this unfavourable social climate when they sustained that full support should be given to the cooperatives as vehicle for economic development. For it is the form of economic organization fully compatible with nigeria traditions and social sentiment, onuoha (1978). This amplifies the need to establish cooperatives more especially among rural women. However giving the fact that nigeria is a developing nation oriented on the principle of capitalism, the question then is how can these women cooperative, social, educational, cultural and political status of their fellow women. The enthusiasm and the spirit with which the rural women embrace the formation of cooperatives in nigeria especially aboh mabaise local government area in imo state has shown that women are developing conscious.

They are quite willing and dispose to pull their resources together in order to improve their earnings, power and their standard of living. The emergence of better life programme for rural women in (1999) was of the greatest factors in nigeria history which was awoken the consciousness of the nation on the great potentials of women folk and integrated into the solid economic mainstream. This programme has fully mobilized rural women emancipated them intellectually. It also served as forum to mobilize women for the resolution of their social economic problems. This programme did not last due to the change in government and was taken over by the family support programme (FSP).


1.2 Statement Of The Problems

Modern women co-operative were to cater for the social economic need of the people and rural developments but their many problems are economic and social problems and most cases educational, poor participation of women in co-operative activities irregular attendance to cooperative meetings, illiteracy among women in cooperative society. Women members of the society are either illiterate or have very low level of education.

Lack of experience:the women have little or no experience in running the cooperative business enterprise. This makes their financial contribution very small, the women have management skills.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The study formulates the following specific objectives:

  1. To Study The Socio-Economic Characteristics Of The Members Of Women Cooperative Society In Aboh Mbaise Local Government Area.
  2. To Evaluate The Contribution Of Women Cooperative To Rural Women Economic Empowerment.
  3. To study types of cooperative and economic activities carried by women cooperatives in empowering it members in aboh mbaise.
  4. To study the service of funds of these cooperatives.
  5. To identify the problems facing the women cooperatives in empowerment of its members.
  6. To make quality recommendation based on the findings.

1.4 Research Questions

Research question is a statement about any set of phenomena, which is capable of being confirmed with available facts. In the case of this research work, the following research questions shall be invested:

  1. What are the socio-economic characteristics of the members of the women cooperative societies in aboh mbaise LGA?
  2. What are the contributions of women cooperative to the rural women economic empowerment?
  3. What types of cooperative and economic activities women cooperatives engaged in cooperative in aboh mbaise?
  4. Where do women cooperatives source their funds from?
  5. What are the problems facing the women cooperative in the areas of study?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

This study will be of great importance to the following group:

Government:

This study is most conspicuous in the services and to the rural development especially in this period of economic recession in which government wants all hands on desk to diversify the present mono-economic of the nation through increase food production.

Public:

This will highlight the level of women’s role in rural developments. It will eliminate doubt as to whether or not women cooperatives are of any significance in the rural development.

Researchers:

This study will guide other researchers who may wish to operate long cooperative lines especially as it concerns women in rural development through cooperative in aboh mbaise LGA.

Cooperative Leaders:

The information provides by the study may be tremendous help to the cooperative leaders and other supervisors such as rural development, division for the governors office, agricultural extension agents, the family support commission and other financial as cooperative offices and managers.


1.6 The Scope Of The Study

 

The scope of the study limits to selected registered women cooperatives in aboh mbaise local government area of imo state.

The limitation of this selected cooperative society does not necessarily eliminate chance of making valid conclusion on the entire population of women cooperative in aboh mbaise local government area, as society are fairly representatives of the situation in the local government area generally.

 


1.7 Limitation Of Study

As Always The Case In Any Human Endeavour, Problems Most Encountered In Trying To Carry Out Any Meaningful Activities Especially When It Involves Groups, Moving From Place To Another Interviewing Cooperative Officer And Government Offices. The Project Is Not An Exception.

These Problems Could Be Classified As Follows:

  1. Insufficient and inadequate data:there are grossly inadequate data to support the analysis of women cooperative in aboh mbaise. This lack of data has made cooperative in aboh mbaise.
  2. Time Factor: the time available to carry out the research and come out with something meaningful and researchable is not adequate. The research work is being done with normal academic work time therefore posed a big limit to the scope of the study.
  3. Delimitation: as a result of the above mentioned pints, the scope is limited only from 1987 – 1998.

1.8 Definition Of Terms

Co-Operative Society:

Cooperative society is an institution which deals with frame work co-operation of joint activities by people, take in formalized long term and deliberate and to a great extent specified in the social and especially economic sphere of human endeavours.

Registered Co-Operative Societies:

Registered co-operative society is any cooperative society registered, thereby acquiring authority to operate. Cooperatives are used for the purpose of the study to represent registered cooperative society.

Rural Development:

Rural development concerns with the living standard of how income population in the rural area on a self sustaining basis through transforming the socio-economic structure of their productive activities.

Community:

Community should be regarded as a unified body of individual with characteristics of interest. A coming historical heritage, cultural affinities and common socio-economic and political interest advanced by the government.

Population Sample:

This is a small group having all the characteristics of the population under study and upon which postulation or judgment about entire population is based.

FMCS:

Farmer Multipurpose Co-Operative Societies.


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.


Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic


Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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