The Challenges Affecting The Standard Of Secondary Education In Nigeria
This research work was carried out to investigate into the challenges affecting the standard of Secondary Education in Nigeria.
Education is the bedrock of development. But unfortunately education in Nigeria is bisected with myriad’s of problems. This includes poor funding and thus poor educational infrastructures, inadequate classrooms, teaching aids (projectors, computer, laboratories and libraries), paucity of quality teachers and poor/polluted learning environment. For the standard of education improve, government need to re-address the issue of funding in education, parents, teachers and students should be reoriented towards achieving the goals of education. Also education must be made affordable for all and sundry. Technical education and innovation adaptation centers must be encouraged.
When the issue of challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria is raised, the first set of through that comes to mind are decline in standard, deterioration of facilities, examination malpractice, mass promotion syndrome and the likes before any other thing else.
This calls for an in depth study and analysis aimed at tutoring each and every stakeholders in education system on how their actions and inaction have individually and collectively contributed to the collapsing state of secondary education in Nigeria.
First, let examine the meaning of education. Education is derived from two Latin words: ‘Educare’ and “Educere” the first meaning “to bring out” or “to lead out” and the second meaning “to bring up” ‘to raise’ or elevate.
According to Whitehead (2002) defined Education as “The process of transmitting the culture of a society from one generation to the other, the process by which the older members of a society bring up the young ones.
Thus: to successfully confront the challenges affecting the standard of education in a developed country like Nigeria, there must be invest in technologies to facilitate both acquisition and absorption of knowledge.
1.1 Background to the Study
This research is to make critical investigation on the challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria. A case study of some selected secondary schools. In Odeda Local Government, Area, Ogun State.
The meaning of education can not be over emphasized most especially in Nigeria schools. Therefore Education according to Castles (2003) “Is what happens to a man from the day he was born until the day he dies.
Meanwhile Websler (2006) defines education as a process of educating or teaching to develop the knowledge, skill and character of students.
Also according to Oxford Dictionary the 7 seventy edition define education as a process of teaching, training and learning especially in schools or colleges to improve knowledge and develop skills.
There are different forms of education that exist in the human society. The most obvious one is the public education. The society offers the free public education to its citizens and citizens required to take proper education in order to become vital members of the society.
By these definitions of education, in relation to the state of challenges affecting the standard of secondary schools education in Nigeria as well as attitudes of investors. One with interest will be compelled to ask such questions as what as actually gone wrong considering the enormity of its effect on the output from system in the area of productivity and the degree of acceptance in labour market and educational institutions, especially outside the country.
However the militating factors stemming from the incidence of examination malpractice, poor facilities, indiscriminate mass promotion syndrome in schools. The causes of these could e traced to government insensitivity to education needs, government and private institutions open encouragement to low productivity and the lack of the spirit of hard work among growing number of students.
Tracing back from 1970s we discover that Nigeria standard of education is encouraging to the society even the country at large compare to standard of secondary education now.
Challenges in the society always take the form of problems that need to be solved. The difference in education opportunities as well as the nature and allocation of education provision in relation to the needs and aspirations of society has generally been identified by development economist as constituting one of the main factors which account for the development gap between the rich and poor countries.
Education inculcates knowledge and skills, which raise productivity and provide escape route from poverty. It is no wonder therefore, that most of the stable democracies in the world today are found in those countries that treat education and health as vital components of growth and development.
The central focus of this study is an assessment of challenges affecting the standard of secondary school education. From the specific standpoint of its place in the various poverty reduction efforts of the government as well as making suggestions on how the education sub-section can be repacked to impact positively on the living standards of the masses of the Nigerian people.
In order for the standard of secondary education to improve, government has to be sensitive to education needs and the students should be encouraged to work hard by employing qualified teachers.
Our perception of education will include training received from within four walls of the schools and ones received from other agencies.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The importances of education could be seen by evaluating the goals and aspiration of the society.
For instance, it has been noticed that the major factor affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria are:
- Government insensitivity to educational need i.e Lack of necessary materials like Test books, lecture rooms e.t.c
- Lack of the spirit of hard-work among growing number of student
- Indiscriminate mass promotion syndrome in schools.
- Examination malpractice e.t.c
Despite the fact that most of the schools lack learning facilities and a complete set of teachers. All these lead to the fall in the standard of secondary school education in Nigeria.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is base on challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria. A case study of some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State. This project will focus on some challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria.
1.4 Research Question
The following are fundamental questions this research intends to find out
- What are the attitudes of the senior secondary school student to the teaching and learning in school?
- What are those parental attitudes that can influence teaching and learning in secondary schools?
- What are the contribution of government towards the standard of secondary education
- Can the standard of education in Nigeria improve?
1.5 Research Hypothesis
For the purpose of this study, the following hypothesis are formulated.
There should be effective teaching and learning among the secondary school student in order to achieve standard education.
Qualified and experience teachers should be provided to enhance learning.
1.6 Scope of the Study
This study aims at investigating the challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria. A case study of some selected senior Secondary Schools in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State and solution to the identified problems.
It is more not possible for the researcher to cover the whole schools, but 10 schools be examine i.e. Salawu Abiola Secondary School, Asero High School, Nawaru-Deen High School, F.C.E Model Secondary, Alagbagba Comprehensive High Secondary School e.t.c was selected based on limitation.
1.7 Significance of the Study
The outcome of this research work will be of great importance to the students, staff, parents and other people in the community of Odeda Local Government Area, by providing the best solution to the identified problems. This research work will also help the secondary school Administrators to know the challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria.
Furthermore, the study also will help government to know their weak point and the necessary adjustment to the identified problems.
1.8 Limitation of the Study
This research study is limited to some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government Abeokuta, Ogun State. This is because of the constraints that were encountered. The main constraint was that the materials used for the researcher to get.
Also variable such as teachers attitude, parents attitude were used to carryout the research work.
1.9 Definition of Terms
A new or difficult task that tests somebody’s ability and skills.
A level of quality especially one that people think is acceptable.
A person or company that is involved in a particular organization, project or system e.t.c especially because they have invested money in it.
For something to become worse
Teaching children within the age of 11-18years
To produce a change in somebody or something
Means strict control of one’s behaviour or something that is very difficultly
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:
This chapter summarizes the findings on the challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria using some selected senior Secondary Schools in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.
5.2 Summary of the Study
In this study, our focus was on the challenges affecting the standard of secondary education in Nigeria using some selected senior Secondary Schools in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State as a case study. The study is was specifically set to identify the attitudes of the senior secondary school student to the teaching and learning in school, those parental attitudes that can influence teaching and learning in secondary schools, the contribution of government towards the standard of secondary education, and how the standard of education in Nigeria can be improved.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 100 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were teachers in the ten(10) selected senior Secondary Schools in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State.
In the light of the analysis carried out, the following conclusions were drawn.
- The attitudes of the senior secondary school students that affects teaching and learning in school include; absenteeism, poor interest in learning certain subjects, poor reading habit, assessments misconducts, and intentional distraction.
- The parental attitudes that can influence teaching and learning in secondary schools include; withdrawal of children from school, fighting the school teachers, none provision of text books for their children, late payment of school fees, and poor involvement in children education.
- The contribution of the Nigerian government towards the standard of secondary education are; establishment of standard curriculum, establishment of regulating body, provision of external supervisors, and integration of ICT into education.
- To improve the standard of education in Nigeria, the following should be done; recruitment and training of additional teachers, adequate funding, curbing examination malpractices, curbing wastage in secondary education, regular and effective inspection of secondary schools, and review of secondary education curriculum.
- There should be effective teaching and learning among the secondary school student in order to achieve standard education.
- Qualified and experience teachers should be provided to enhance learning.
Based on the findings the researcher recommends;
- Government should increase budgetary allocation of funds to the education sector. this will enhance sponsorship of seminars, conferences and provision of basic facilities in secondary schools
- Primary education which serves as a recruitment ground for secondary schools should be given proper funding, supervision and regular recruitment of teachers to enhance quality products. This is so because the quality of the primary education products have direct consequences on the quality produced by secondary education
- Government should refrain from frequent change of educational policies that are ambiguous with marked difference from the existing ones that may leave the school principals confused in the process of implementation
- The government should make teaching a very attractive profession by promptly paying her teachers salaries and other benefits. This will curtail frequent industrial actions often embarked upon by teachers.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What are the challenges facing education in Nigeria?
Out of the numerous problems facing education in Nigeria, the following are the major challenges: 1. POOR FUNDING Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry Of Education. Local authorities take responsibility for implementing policy for state-controlled public education and state schools at a regional level.
Why are students from Africa migrating to Nigeria?
Sadly the level, quality and standard of education in Nigeria has witnessed a geometric drop in the past two decades and this unfortunate trend has made Nigeria the leading country of origin of students from Africa migrating to other parts of the world in search of quality education.
How corrupt is Nigeria’s education system?
In Nigeria, there have been numerous reports of corruption and indiscipline in Nigeria’s education system, most especially in the higher institutions where cases of cultism in schools have been on the rise as well as bribery to pass exams. Academic fraud is endemic at all levels of education.
Is Nigeria’s education system overburdened by population growth?
For instance, Nigeria’s basic education sector is overburdened by strong population growth. In 2015, the country’s population under the age of 15 was about 44 percent. The system fails to integrate large parts of this growing youth population.