Effects Of Delinquency Among Students In Secondary School

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Effects Of Delinquency Among Students In Secondary School


Abstract


This study analyzed the causes and effects of delinquency among students in Olorunda Local Government Area of Osun State. The specific objectives were to examine the causes of delinquency, the acts of delinquency, and the effects of delinquency among students in the study area. The study made use of three research questions and three null hypotheses. The population of respondents for the study was 34,564 students from public schools in Olorunda Educational Zone. The data for the study was collected by the use of test instrument with reliability of 0.82. The student t-test was used to test the hypotheses formulated for the study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that: non delinquent students performed better than delinquent students even without treatment. Non delinquent students performed better than delinquent students even when taught together.

There was higher level of delinquency among the older juvenile than the younger ones. The academic performance of delinquent students improved after been taught. The researcher made the following recommendations among others that: Delinquent students should be shown love by teachers as this will instill value and self esteem in the students which will in turn enhance learning. Teachers should not neglect delinquent students in the course of teaching but rather try to understand each student as an individual and treat each as such. Counselling units should be set up in all secondary schools in Olorunda educational zone. School authorities should always seek the support of parents in formulating policies. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations for further researches were made.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Delinquency, according to Microsoft Encarta Dictionary, is defined as criminal or antisocial behaviour of juvenile. A juvenile delinquent is a young person who habitually breaks the law, especially somebody repeatedly charged with vandalism or other antisocial behaviour. Juvenile delinquents are victims of a society who have substituted the acts of doing whatever you want for discipline. They are victims of a break down of authority and moral standards in the home, in the neighbourhood, and in the entire community.

Burnt, one of the classic writers on the psychology of juvenile delinquency described delinquency as an outstanding sample of childish naughtiness. This childish naughtiness is shown in actions like stealing, truancy, and so on. Delinquents are individuals who have come into conflicts with the law by engaging in acts such as theft, rape, and destruction of property. Most juvenile delinquents are adolescents between ages of twelve and seventeen years, which are people normally found as students in the secondary schools.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Thompson (2006) explained that development involves physical, intellectual, social and emotional changes that occur from birth to adolescent. Although people change throughout their lives, developmental changes are especially dramatic in childhood. During this period, a dependent vulnerable newborn grows into a capable young person who has mastered language, is self aware, can think and reason with sophistication, has a distinctive personality and socializes effortlessly with others. Many abilities and characteristics that are developed in childhood last a lifetime.

There has been a lot of societal concern over the problem of delinquency among students. It has been increasing every day in the society. Its evils and cures have engaged the minds of many people including psychologists, parents, teachers, academicians, professors and the government. The bad effects of juvenile delinquency on the development of youths have contributed greatly to the fallen standards of education. It should be borne in mind however, that these anti-social behaviours like cheating, stealing, bullying, smoking, lying, truancy, and so on, are not only deviant but extremely delinquent in the sense that they affect the students socially, morally, academically, and spiritually. Many delinquent students often grow up to become irresponsible adults or criminals.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study was to examine the causes of delinquency, the acts of delinquency and the effects of delinquency on students in Olorunda Local Government Area of Osun State. Specifically the focus of the research is based on the following objectives:

  1. To find out the effect of delinquency on academic performance of The Achievement test in secondary schools.
  2. To ascertain the extent to which the teaching and learning in secondary schools can cube juvenile delinquency.
  3. To find out the impact of other personal characteristics in the promotion of delinquent behavior to lead to low academic performance.
  4. To find workable measures to minimizing the problem of juvenile delinquency in secondary schools.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were drawn from the statement of the problem presented above:

  1. What is the difference between the academic performance of students who always come late to school and that of those who come early?
  2. Is there any difference between the academic performance of students who are gang fighters and that of those who do not fight?
  3. What is the difference between the academic performance of students who always make noise in the class and those who are always attentive?

1.5 Hypotheses

The following Null hypotheses are formulated for test;

  1. There is no significant difference between the academic performance of delinquent and non delinquent students before and after treatment.
  2. There is no significant different between the academic performance of delinquent students with parents who are literate and illiterate parental background in the experimental group.
  3. There is no significant difference in the level of delinquency among students based on age group.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The results of this study will enlighten the teachers and the parents on the various acts found among delinquent students, the causes and effects of delinquency among the students, in order to be able to control such students so as to make them better citizens that will contribute to the development of the nation tomorrow.

In view of the prevailing undesirable behaviours in youths, this study will expose the students to the harmful effects of delinquency on academic performance and thus serve as a cautionary measure for students.

The study will serve as an important reference to researchers who wish to further study in this area.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study was designed to examine the causes of delinquency, the acts of delinquency and the effects of delinquency on students in Olorunda Local Government Area of Osun State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The limitations to this study included time in getting information from the respondents. Few students were sampled from different schools in the Local Government as representative of the population of secondary school students in the study area. a of the Study

This study is on effect of delinquency on academic performance of junior secondary school students in Osun state.

The study is limited to all public secondary schools in Osun state and specifically in Olorunda educational zone. and particularly to junior secondary schools, the level at which Education is presently taught. This study is also delimited to junior secondary school students.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This is the concluding chapter of the work, it dealt with the summary, conclusion, contribution to knowledge, recommendations of the study and suggestions for further studies dealt with in this chapter.


5.2 Summary

This segment summarized the effect of delinquency on junior secondary school teachers students’ academic performance in Osun state. Juvenile delinquency has become very obvious in secondary school, the researcher’s concern about delinquency among junior secondary school students led to this study. It has been shown that juvenile delinquency is caused by various factors ranging from the home to societal and school factors. Delinquent students were found to possess characteristics such as fighting, drunkenness, truancy, restlessness and many others.

During the study it was obvious that a good number of delinquent students easily lose interest during classes which eventually lead to poor academic performance. However, the teacher has a role to play to enhance learning even success in the career of delinquent students. To revive the interest of delinquent students the teacher should adopt suitable method and style in order to affect learning.

Three hypotheses were formulated and tested in the course of the study. Two schools were randomly selected for the study. Student from JS3 in two secondary schools were randomly selected for s group. The experimental group was taught for six weeks while the control group was not taught. The pre-test post test design was used for the purpose of data collection. In the first instance, pre-test was administered to students; the test was a 20-item test.

After this there was an intensive teaching session of six weeks for the experimental group during which the students were exposed to instructions. This was followed by a 20 –items post-test to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment administered and to ascertain the performance of delinquent students Scores before and after treatment were recorded. Data gathered for the study were analyzed at the 0.05 level of significance. Result from the data collected, analyzed, indicated the following findings.

  1. Delinquent students performed lower academically than non delinquent students even without treatment.
  2. Non delinquent students performed better than delinquent students even when taught together.
  3. The academic performance of delinquent students improved after treatment.

It was also discovered that some teachers lose interest in teaching delinquent students can improve if carefully handled.


5.3 Conclusion

The main focus of this study was to find one out the effect of delinquency on academic performance of junior secondary school students’ academic performance in Osun state. The results of the study showed that there is significant difference in the academic performance of delinquent and non delinquent students in the two main designed groups-experimental group and control group. This finding led to the conclusion that students’ academic performance is negatively affected by juvenile delinquency. The researcher would however want to end up this section with the conclusion that based on the analysis of results in this study, the level of poor academic performance of delinquent students can be improved through suitable teaching method and style.


5.4 Recommendations

The following recommendations were made based on the information gathered in the course of this study. It is therefore hoped that the recommendation will provide assistance to students, teachers, school authorities and future researchers.

  1. Delinquent students should be shown love by teachers as this will instill value and self esteem in them which will in turn enhance learning.
  2. Teachers should not neglect delinquent students, in the course of teaching but rather try to understand each student as an individual and treat him as such.
  3. There should be counseling unit in all secondary schools in Olorunda educational zone where students can go to and present their problems for appropriate guidance.
  4. The school authorities should always seek the support of parents in formulating policies for effective communication with the parent will acquaint them with the school affairs, detailed and constant information about the failure and success of students will help parent to understand, appreciate and cooperate with the school authorities. If this happens, the school, teachers and parents would always imitate each other on matters concerning the discipline of the students.
  5. Parent of delinquent students who are literate should employ the services of private teachers to assist their wards at home.
  6. Government should make funds available to sponsor teachers’ attendance at conferences, seminars and workshops on class managements and teacher-student relationship.

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