A Critical Evaluation Of Women And Rural Development (A Case Study Of Ideato North Local Government Area In Imo State)

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


This study is a research work to identify the prospects, problems and consequences women encounter in the rural development in Ideato North Local Government of Imo State. In the present Nigeria society, the role of women can not be over emphasized. Basically, they are the mothers of the respective homes and are major determinant of a child character after nurture.

Moreover, this research also attempts at identifying the development sectors where women are mostly involved. The research also identified areas of hindrances and preferred solutions to them. In all we have so far seen from all the literature referenced that women all over have always found ways of coming together to get on as one unit with respect to development in their communities.

Table Of Content

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of study
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objective of study
  • 1.4 Theoretical framework
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Statement of hypothesis
  • 1.8 Limitation of the study
  • 1.9 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • References

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources / Method of data collection
  • 3.4 Population/ Sample size
  • 3.5 Sampling techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and Reliability of measuring instruments
  • 3.7 Methods of Data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Data presentation
  • 4.3 Interpretation of result and data analysis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusions
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 References
  • Appendix

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

Rural development is one of the major problems facing Ideato North Local Government in Imo State. Rural development helps in transformation of the rural part of the country. Reports in most media and personal investigation had tended to suggestion that women should be encouraged and map, for rural

transformation should be established. This means that rural transformation is the priority of every rural part in the society. Therefore, rural development is a progressive improvement of the economic political and cultural conditions of communities through the combined effort of government and the people of the communities.

In our Nigerian today, the roles of women is very important; basically, they are the mother of all respective homes. And they play one of the major roles in educating of children in the family. That is why Ideato North Local Government and the towns that make it up are trying to make bids that will give women a sustainable appreciation and acknowledgement in that area and these women also plays a role on enlightenment campaigns on government policies and forms a core of the mobilization. Which facilitate physical participation in local development project within the communities at large? All these effort are made toward publicizing the roles of women in the socio-economic transformation of the entire society at large.

1.1 Background Of The Study

Ideato North local Government was carved out from old ideato local government by the then military president of Nigeria, Gen. Ibrahim Babangida. This local Government has seven (7) towns /communities in it. The social/welfare dept takes care of the issue related to women affairs. Presently, the local government is headed by a caretaker committee chairman appointed by the governor.

The pre-colonial history of ideato north local government have it that, before the coming of the whites, rural development in ideato north local government was at low points because women were cast out of major events that is happening in that geographical area. Until the coming of the colonial masters in 1861 during the process of colonization, some privileges was given to women to participate in social activities such as western education etc. having received some power and authority through the teachings of colonial masters; they now participate in their own ways for the betterment of humans. From then, these women have embarked on numerous projects to mark development in ideato north, liken building of town hall, civil centers, health centers and markets

Without women in ideato north local government, development there would have not been a successful one because they play a vital role in development of ideato north local government area. The case study of this project shall focus on the activities and roles played by women in development of ideato north local government of imo state.

1.2 Statement Of Problem

Rural Development in Ideato Local Government is faced with vital problems even women in these rural areas. Ideato north community could have developed to a normal standard, but no support from government has set their development backward.

This means that state government of Imo State has not conducted an election in the Local Government for many years now. So the allocations that suppose to come to Ideato Local Government are now being hijack by state government. And gives whatever they like to the appointed chairman who has no constitutional right to fight the state that gave him the power. So this problem has affected Ideato Local Government.

again, women in that area are being seen as inferior and weaker sex who are capable of doing nothing. This ideology is causing women in Ideato Local Government looks like they are not among the moving or main people of the geographical area.

Having established a cursory but concise overview of some of the questions pre-occupying the minds of scholars, researchers, and analyst with respect to necessity of proper study and evaluation of the roles played by women in rural development in ideato north, the problem of the study are here by summarized in the question below.

1.3 Objective Of Study

The purpose of this research is to examine the roles of women in rural development and the level which women involves themselves towards development project in ideato north and also to know the development sectors where women are mostly involved.

Again, to know why women are been treated in an abnormal why in the society.

1.4 Theoretical Frame Work

Women and rural development is like a system which exist around environment, therefore, the theoretical
Framework for this study is based on functionalist approach propounded by Robert Merton, Radcliff Brown and Taicot Parsons.

The functionalist approaches are also known as the structural equilibrium approach incorporate elements of system theory. This theory perceives the rural as having made up of subparts which function integrate and inter dependently to achieve their group goals for the survival of any social system.

The members must have very sharp values and ideas. Harmony among the various structure of the rural area and are expected to work together in harmony. A common experience of social life is one of relative harmony and order. This is the kind of situation found in a rural area where different groups or associations embark on different activities towards the development of the rural community.

The entire different development projects are aimed at developing the society. In other words, each of the
Constituent part has its own specific structure of action and activity and all contributing towards the maintenance of the whole group as a unit.

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The importance of this work is complex to mention. This means that many people will appreciate the roles of women in rural development. This work can also serve as means of mobilizing other women in other communities to come together and embark on self help project that will help to improve the standard of living and increase the status of women in the society.

This can as well help Ideato Local Government women to know the type of women organization the can identify with in ideato north Local Government. And also it will help to pick out the problem and needs of those women organizations to the government which will eventually serve as a guide to policy concerning women. This can also assist research institution who may wish to carryout findings on activities and contribution of women groups to the society.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study will only be concerned with the role of women in the development of Ideato north Local Government. This start with knowing the towns that make up Ideato north Local Government and they are; ARONDIZUOGU, OBODOUKWU, AKOKWA, AKPULU, ISIOKPO, URUALLA, and OSINA. We intend that we will be finding out the different women organization that exists in these villages and their contribution to development over the years.

1.7 Statement Of Hypothesis

  • Ho; The role of women in rural development has a positive impact to play in our society.
  • Ho2; the role of women in rural development has no positive impact to play in our society.

1.8 Limitation Of The Study

In carrying out research study like this one is likely to face some problems such as:

  1. Lack of Sufficient capital to enables the researcher to prepare and distributed enough questionnaires to various agricultural productions.
  2. Great resources in form of money, energy and time where spend in getting some of the material for the study.
  3. The accessibility of official document that are required for this research were limited due to some restriction existing in the organization.

1.9 Definition Of Terms

Rural transformation with the aid of women organization. The major changes in rural areas in Ideato north Local Government are often done through the instrumentality of women organization which Ideato Local Government women are part of it.

The range of their contributions is very high which means that they contributed immensely towards it. And the amount of project they carried out is positively edge for development. For purpose of illustration, the score ranging of project done by this women are 56 – 100 which shows positive range not 0.55 which shows negative range.

This means that women in rural development of Urualla contributed effectively toward their development.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This work was done in chapters which is from one to five (1 – 5) and each chapter contribute its own data for the work to be super structured.

It goes along explaining on the problem encounter by Ideato women and why the development of Ideato north local government is still undisclosed.

5.2 Summary Of Findings

In this work which is the case of study of Ideato North Local government Are, the researcher observes that;

  1. The women in Urualla autonomous have made tremendous contribution towards the development of urualla despite all the constraints on their path.
  2. The researcher also tries to discover that the roles of women in rural development are very important and can not be over emphasized.
  3. The researcher also observed that there is no colonial impact in the system of urualla.
  4. The researcher also finds out that there is no support or appreciation from government for the self help project which the women embark on.

5.3 Conclusions

During the course of the research work, the researcher was able to know and discover that the roles of women in rural development is very important and can not be over emphasized. But this role can be done in perfect way if only the women can be able to received external and internal support to encourage them on the positive track they are trading on. But not only supporting women is only the way that they can perform perfectly but also some other variable from the women side also put perfection on their endeavors. This means that women has to commit so many thing before their set goals should be actualized

Coming to this research, women of urualla development area has made a recommendable input towards social and economic development of urualla community and also this woman can contribute equally with men towards development of urualla autonomous community and even the nation at large. Then, government should encourage and appreciate any self help project done by women to encourage them to do more and achieve their aims, because this woman are facing some problem which are trying to hinder them from participation in development of rural area.

The researcher observed that women in urualla autonomous rural have made tremendous contribution towards the development of urualla despite all the constraints on their path. Let it be advice that women in all rural area who has not embarked on self help project should emulate urualla women organization.

5.3 Recommendations

From this work, women in rural area should be accepted to be important to the world and every rural communities and the nation at large.

This is because women association has some philanthropic aims in their objectives and they are edge to development because of these, the researcher recommends that;

  1. Women should be respected equally with men because all contributed immensely towards development of rural area.
  2. The government should encourage women in rural development by supporting them financially and morally and otherwise in implementation of this project.
  3. Self help project aware should be made to rural area to help the rural people to know the knowledge of helping government out in terms of development.
  4. There should be an organization of workshops, conferences and seminars periodically to mobilize and to be directed at policy makers and motivates women towards self help programs.
  5. Women in rural development should always see them serious as philanthropic association. Hence they should avoid or refrain in indulging in such activities that are detrimental to the general public.

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