Impact Assessment Of Rural Development Projects

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Abstract


This research work was conducted to make an impact assessment of rural development projects in Danja and Bakori Local Government Areas of Katsina State. Various rural development programmes and projects have been designed and implemented by both local and international donor organizations to aid in improving rural life in Danja and Bakori Local Government Areas; huge amount of resources were expended especially in the areas of health and educational development in these local government areas, yet the issue of rural development remained a critical challenge as data show that the rate of attendance to health facilities in these local government areas has, persistently been on the increase despite the growing level of public expenditures on health on the other hand, the rate of enrolment into public primary schools was not significant given the huge amount of money expended. Two hypotheses were formulated:

  1. There is a significant correlation between proper immunisation exercise and rural development in Danja and Bakori Local government areas
  2. There is a significant relationship between adequate funding and rural development in Danja and Bakori Local Government Areas.

Primary and secondary data were collected from questionnaire administration and Reports from Federal, State and Local Government, Journals, and Reports of National Health Information Management System. SPSS 16.0 (Pearson Correlation Analysis) was adopted to test the two hypotheses. It was found out that there is significant relationship between proper immunisation exercise and rural development in Danja and Bakori Local Government. It was also found that, there is a significant relationship between adequate funding and rural development in Danja and Bakori Local Government Areas and that there was significant correlation between proper immunisation exercise and rural development. It was therefore recommended that:

  1. Since there was strong correlation between proper immunisation exercise and level of attendance to health centres in the two local government areas, more immunisation facilities should be made available and public awareness campaign be strengthened in order to drastically reduce the number of people that attend hospitals.
  2. To ensure increasing level of pupils’ enrolment into primary schools, the education sector should be adequately funded and awareness campaign be organised for parent in order to encourage them send more children to schools.

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

In order to ensure rapid sustainable development, Nigerian constitution divides power among the three levels of government ie federal, states and local governments. Subsequently, responsibilities are decentralized to each of these governmental levels, each with its distinct areas of functions. However, due to their importance, certain areas need to be legislated on by both federal, states and local governments in order to provide as much services as required by the teaming Nigerian population. For example health, education, water supply are the concurrent responsibilities of all the levels of government. For this reason, Chapter 17 (3) (d) under Chapter II of the constitution makes it a fundamental principle of the state (government) to provide adequate medical and health facilities for all persons. Also, Chapter 18 (3) provides that government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy to the extent of providing free, compulsory and universal primary education. Moreover, under the Fourth Schedule, the Constitution clearly spells out the functions of local government to include among others, the provision of health and educational facilities. Under this Schedule, Chapter 2 (a) provides that the local government shall ensure the provision and maintenance of primary, adult


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