Assessment Of Effectiveness Of Extracurricular Activities On Junior Secondary School (A Case Study Of FGC, Ikom)

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Assessment Of Effectiveness Of Extracurricular Activities On Junior Secondary School (A Case Study Of FGC, Ikom)


Abstract


The development and enrichment of supplementary and extra-curricular activities is necessary to bridge the gap created in the nature of the current educational curriculum which adopts a relatively focused approach to curriculum planning and the lack of attention to the development of learners’ social, emotional and cognitive skills. Therefore extracurricular activities address the inadequacies and shortcomings of the curriculum, develop the interests and talents of the students and responds to the individual needs and leisure time of the people. It contribute to the fast pace of transformations of today’s world and deepen the learning process.

The objective of education is to enhance the development of the human attitude to life and promote the philosophy of progress while building the skill of the people in the society to enhance a healthy living and constructive future. Consequently an essential part of advanced and modern education is the special attention to activities that students do outside the classroom and school. These are the extracurricular activities which also contribute to the wellbeing and growth of the students. Therefore, it is essential that the educational system provide the enabling environment to promote extracurricular activities. Extracurricular activities enhances student’s self-motivation makes the school more attractive and increases its utility and also promotes the student interested in a subject while reducing mental boredom


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The human life sometimes requires rest and less attention to work and stress. These are moments and times of great importance and sensitivity where one gathers strength and takes off work stress. These moments can be an opportunity for individual personality development. Extracurricular activities are the opportunities which exist for responsible person to exercise out of work activities and everything is in his power to deal with his own desire and willingness. This is the free time available for people and requires an effective use of it. For secondary school people this is the time devoted for sporting rehearsal, rest, singing, drama, debating club activities etc. The essence is to reinvigorate or bring live to a boring and stressful condition. Extracurricular activities constitute plays a vital role in today’s human societies. It is essential that the free time we have is effectively used to advance our lives. It constitutes a thinking time for scholars and it is time to innovate, and for the youth it is the time for creativity. Therefore it is a vital component for the development of the child. Schools and educational institutions are expected to assume more responsibility to making extracurricular activities more rewarding and fulfilling so that the optimal use of leisure time is designed and incorporated in student’s programs (Lafransur, 2001:55).The development and enrichment of supplementary and extra-curricular activities is necessary to bridge the gap created in the nature of the current educational curriculum which adopts a relatively focused approach to curriculum planning and the lack of attention to the development of learners’ social, emotional and cognitive skills. Therefore extracurricular activities address the inadequacies and shortcomings of the curriculum, develop the interests and talents of the students and responds to the individual needs and leisure time of the people. It contribute to the fast pace of transformations of today’s world and deepen the learning process. The study is an assessment of effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school. A case study of FGC Ikom.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The objective of education is to enhance the development of the human attitude to life and promote the philosophy of progress while building the skill of the people in the society to enhance a healthy living and constructive future. Consequently an essential part of advanced and modern education is the special attention to activities that students do outside the classroom and school. These are the extracurricular activities which also contribute to the wellbeing and growth of the students. Therefore, it is essential that the educational system provide the enabling environment to promote extracurricular activities. Extracurricular activities enhances student’s self-motivation makes the school more attractive and increases its utility and also promotes the student interested in a subject while reducing mental boredom (Slavin, 2008:38). The problem confronting the study is an assessment of effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school. A case study of FGC Ikom.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The Main Objective of the study is an assessment of effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school. A case study of FGC Ikom;

The specific objectives include

  1. To determine the relevance of extracurricular activities.
  2. To determine the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school.
  3. To proffer an assessment of the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary in FGC Ikom.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What is the relevance of extracurricular activities?
  2. What is the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school?
  3. What is the assessment of the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary in FGC Ikom?

1.5 Statement of the Hypothesis

The statement of the hypothesis for the study is stated in Null as follows

  • HO The level of motivation among secondary school teachers in obio akpor local government area is low.
  • HO The attitude among secondary school teachers in obio akpor local government area is negative.
  • HO The relationship between motivational needs and attitude among secondary school teachers in obio akpor local government area is negative.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study is an assessment of the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary in FGC Ikom. It provides relevant data for the effective formulation and implementation of policies to enhance the realization of envisaged objective.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Extra-Curricular Activity Defined

Extracurricular activities are the opportunities which exist for responsible person to exercise out of work activities and everything is in his power to deal with his own desire and willingness. This is the free time available for people and requires an effective use of it. For secondary school people this is the time devoted for sporting rehearsal, rest, singing, drama, debating club activities etc.

Motive Defined

Motive is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. These needs could also be wants or desires that are acquired through influence of culture, society, lifestyle, etc.

Motivation Defined

Motivation is the direction of people’s behavior towards a desired course of action. It is a set of force that acts behind the motives.

Educational Supervision Defined

Educational Supervision consist of all effort involving school officials directed at t providing leadership to educational workers or teachers to enhance an improved educational system and institution. The process involves the deployment of human and material resources

Education Defined

Education is viewed as the process of inviting truth and possibility. It is the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Preamble

This chapter presents the summary and conclusion that can be drawn from the study. It also presents the researchers recommendations with regards to the findings of the study and proposed areas for further studies by other researcher.


5.2 Summary

The Main Objective of the study is an assessment of effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school. A case study of FGC Ikom;

The specific objectives include

  1. To determine the relevance of extracurricular activities.
  2. To determine the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary school.
  3. To proffer an assessment of the effectiveness of extracurricular activities of junior secondary in FGC Ikom.

Findings from the study reveal that the level of motivation among secondary school teachers in FGC, Ikomis low.

The attitude among secondary school teachers in FGC, Ikom is negative.

The relationship between motivational needs and attitude among secondary school teachers in FGC, Ikom is positive.


5.3 Conclusion

This paper aims to investigate assessment of effectiveness of extracurricular activities on junior secondary school. (a case study of FGC, Ikom).

The study is to be carried in FGC, Ikom among teachers of FGC, Ikom.

As a result of the inability of the researcher to effectively study the whole population strength, a representative number was chosen as the sample size population. 61 respondents was used as the sample size. Data was collected from primary and secondary sources. Primary data was obtained through questionnaire and personal interviews with the respondents. Tables and simple percentage was used as technique of analyzing the research questions.
Findings from the study revealed that the relationship between motivational needs and attitude among secondary school teachers in FGC, Ikom is positive.

It is recommended that extra curriculum activities should have goals that encourage youth and staff to achieve great things, while encouraging young people to take on leadership roles.


5.4 Recommendations

Once a student has identified an activity, it is important to evaluate whether the activity will potentially benefit or hinder development for that student. In conclusion Gilman (2004) stated that the counselor can influence participation in extracurricular activities for students who might benefit from them most. By removing barriers so more students have access to activities, more students may benefit from appropriate extracurricular activities.

Brown (n.d.) stated that some of the signs ofa good extracurricular program are that participants feel like they are part of a group or something special, and they have the opportunity to develop relationships with adults and pro-social peers. The program should have goals that encourage youth and staff to achieve great things, while encouraging young people to take on leadership roles. The program should be appropriate for the age group, and the program should involve parents and peers. However, the most important point overall of these is that the activity should be fun and attractive for youth (Brown, n.d.). Often the only way to determine if these needs are being met is to talk to the youth participants themselves. They should have a say in how a program is conducted and organized to determine if it is meeting their expectations.


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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the effects of extracurricular activities on students?

Effects of Extracurricular Activities on Students. The students who actively participate in extracurricular activities get a lot of benefits including higher grades, and test scores, higher educational achievements, more regularity in class attendance and higher self-confidence.

Does extracurricular participation in Teacher Orientation improve student outcomes?

Teacher Orientation In addition, participation in extra curricular activities leads to positive student outcomes, such as: (a) increased self‐concept, (b) higher grade point average, (c) better school

What is the other form of extracurricular activities?

Other form of physical extracurricular activity like athletics, gymnasts, sports etc. The activities were organized by their schools. The activities were held at least once per every 7 days. The extracurricular activities whether at school or out-of-school.

Do extracurricular activities reduce antisocial behavior in high school students?

Activities increases students’ motivation to succeed in every aspect of life, including school (Tavani & Losh). Mahoney (2000) concluded that participation in extracurricular activities may be a moderator of antisocial behavior. 

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