Students Perception On Skill Acquisition Subject

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Students Perception On Skill Acquisition Subject


Abstract


As good as skill acquisition (Home economics) is, most students do not find the subject worthy of offering. Most students are of the opinion that only the female students need it most and thereby paying little or no intention to the subject at their early beginning. The study therefore sought to investigate the examines students’ perception on skill acquisition subject using four selected secondary schools in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria as case studies.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Skill acquisition has a paramount place in Nigeria’s educational system today. No other academic discipline incorporates in its curriculum as many pertinent life skills that will help students succeed independent of their chosen career paths. The important aspect of skill acquisition is that students will not only learn about subject matter that has relevance to their present lives, but will be useful to them in all their lives endeavours. A study conducted in Japan, revealed that students’ personal initiatives play an important role in determining how they will adjust to their changing work situations. The home economics curriculum opens the students’ eyes to varieties of potential career paths. Those that find themselves engrossed by the course material begin to consider an occupation in that area. The knowledge of home economics education has made it possible for individuals to choose career paths in nutrition, social service, and hospitality management and the likes.

The students are parts of environments like the family, school and the surroundingswhere he/she lives; these contribute to their learning, developing and living. Perception varies from person to person. Perception can be influenced by many factors like attitudes, motives, interests, experience, expectations, time, social setting and background. The perception of students on the relevance of home economics can be influenced by their parents, the sex of the student, the teacher, peer group, social image and parental socioeconomic status. The inability of the students to see their futures is also compounded by the poor decision of their parents in choosing their respective careers for them. Parents prefer their children study courses like Medicine, Engineering, Accounting, Law and Pharmacy and the likesto Home economics.

Consequently, most male students also do not like home economics because they think it is a course meant for only girls and that is it a course that has to do with only cooking and sewing. Most male students prefer technical subjects like mathematics, technical drawing, and introductory technology and have no interest in offering home economics subject. This makes it difficult for the teachers to teach the students effectively. Some teachers also do not hold the subject with a high esteem thereby lacking self-esteem and the zeal for self development which results in low teaching competence.

Peer group serves as a guideline the students in examining themselves and their. A lot of individuals misinterpret home economics to be a preparatory subject that helps in becoming good house wives, because it deals with different food preparation, decoration of home and its surroundings, textile design and the likes.However, I strongly believe that the home economics as a skill acquisition subject has an extremely important place in our educational system today. No other academic discipline incorporates in its curriculum as many as pertinent life skills that will help students succeed independent of their chosen career paths. Therefore, this study examines students’ perception on skill acquisition subject using four selected secondary schools in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria as case studies.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Presently, enrolment of students into skill acquisition related subjects like Home Economics, Food and Nutrition in the West Africa Examination Council (clothing and textiles, Home Management and Clothing and Textiles) has completely dropped to the minimal level. Uko-Aviomoh (2002) and Anene-Okeakwa (2005) noted that students have lost interest in home economics as a subject in secondary schools and are becoming fewer in the colleges of education, where teachers are trained as new teachers to train students in secondary schools in the area of Home Economics and as a result, hindering the future of the subject.

The problem statement stated in question form therefore, is “could the classroom learning environment in home economics be so discouraging to the extent that students are no longer encouraged to participate in the home economics lessons? However this study examines students’ perception on skill acquisition subject using four selected secondary schools in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria as case studies.


1.3 Aim and Objectives

The main objective of this study is to investigate students’ perception on skill acquisition subject using four selected secondary schools in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria as case studies. However, the specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To review the perception of students towards home economics as a skill acquisition subject.
  2. To determine the impact of teaching and learning of home economics as a skill acquisition subject in secondary schools in Kano State.
  3. To determine if there is a difference in the perception of male students and female students on Home economics
  4. To make recommendations on how to make the subject more attractive to students.

1.4 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis One

Hi: There is a positive impact of teaching and learning of home economics as a skill acquisition subject in secondary schools in Kano State.

Ho: There is no positive impact of teaching and learning of home economics as a skill acquisition subject in secondary schools in Kano State.

Hypothesis Two

Hi: There is a difference in the perception of male students and female students on Home economics.

Ho: There is no difference in the perception of male students and female students on Home economics.


1.5 Scope and Limitations

This study investigated the students’ perception on skill acquisition subject using four selected secondary schools in Kano, Kano State, Nigeria as case studies. Therefore the respondents covered secondary school students in four selected secondary schools in the city of Kano, Kano State, Nigeria. The schools are as follows;

  • Government Secondary School, Kano
  • Federal Government College, Kano
  • Saint Thomas Secondary School
  • FCE Staff Secondary School

This study faced limitation that need to be taken into consideration. Apart from the obvious time limit and the delicate subject matter, there were issues that arose from the methodological choices applied to the study. Some respondents were not willing to disclose accurate information needed for the validity of the study.


1.6 Significance of the Study

Findings from this study would be helpful to the students, teachers, school administrators and the State Government as it will expose them to various issues that are affecting our educational system and how they can go about to tackle them. This study will also contribute to academic knowledge and serve as a foundation upon which further research can be made.


1.7 Definitions of Terms

The following terms were used in the course of this study:

Home Economics:

field of study that deals with the economics and management of the home and community.It deals with the relationship between individuals, families, communities, and the environment in which they live.

Perception:

The ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses.

Secondary School:

Is the next step up from primary school. Secondary schools are often called high schools in the United States. In Britain, secondary schools may be public schools, grammar schools or comprehensive schools


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concerned with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was the effect of students’ perceptions on skill acquisition subject in secondary schools. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in evaluating examine the effect, it is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was the factors affecting students’ perceptions on skill acquisition subject in secondary schools.


5.2 Summary

This study was undertaken to examine the students’ perceptions on skill acquisition subject in secondary schools. It is important to reiterate that the objective of this study was students’ perceptions on skill acquisition subject in secondary schools. The study opened with chapter one where the statement of the problem was clearly defined. The study objectives and research hypotheses were defined and formulated respectively. The study reviewed related and relevant literatures. The chapter two gave the conceptual framework, empirical and theoretical studies. The third chapter described the methodology employed by the researcher in collecting both the primary and the secondary data. The research method employed here is the descriptive survey method. The study analyzed and presented the data collected in tables and the hypotheses were tested using the chi square to test hypothesis. While the fifth chapter gives the study summary and conclusion.


5.3 Conclusion and Recommendations

This research work examines the students’ perceptions on skill acquisition subject in secondary schools.

The instruments used were questionnaire and data were collected analysis by use of percentage.

The major findings of the study are as follows: It was found that there is a positive impact of teaching and learning of home economics as a skill acquisition subject in secondary schools in Kano State and that there is a difference in the perception of male students and female students on Home economics.


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