Route Survey Of 4Km From Nkwoemeke To Ubowala Emekuku In Owerri North Local Government Area Of Imo State

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Surveying and Geoinformatics

Surveying and Geoinformatics


Abstract


This project was carried out in Emekuku ranging from Ubowala Autonomous Community in Owerri North to Umuaguru Isinkor in Ikeduru Local Government Area of Imo State, covering a distance of 4,558.065 meters (4km). The method used in carrying out the project was integrated approach which involves 3D data acquisition by the combination of traversing and trigonometric heighting using total station. It is also carried out to acquire data for design and construction of works such as roads, railways, pipe lines, canals etc. Various instruments/tools were used to enable data capturing for the prosecution of the project in order to check met the amount of accuracy obtained. The instrument used for this project is total station kolida (KTS 44-2L), it reads in 5 seconds, it was used in carrying out traversing and cross section of the study area. Various test such as horizontal collimation test were carried out before the commencement of the project. Temporally Benchmarks were established using hand held GPS at the starting point, change point and at the end of the 4,558.065 meters (4km) chainage. The height of all points including the beginning of curve was determined with total station and reflector as a target. The cross-section was run with total station at every 25m interval along the line of the road. The data acquired on course of this project was used to plot the longitudinal profile of the road using Auto Card for plotting, Goecal for the computation and survey soft with a scale of 1:3500 respectively. Ten (10) personnel were involved in the project exercise. The project write up consists of five chapters. Chapter one is introduction, chapter two shows the literature review, chapter three explains the method of data acquisition, chapter four focuses on analysis of results and chapter five states the problems encountered, summary, conclusion, recommendations, and references.


Table Of Contents


Title page i
Certification ii
Declaration iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Abstract vi
Table of contents vii


Chapter One

1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Aim 3
1.3 Objectives 3
1.4 Scope of study 4
1.5 Study area 4
1.6 Other miscellaneous service 5


Chapter Two

2.0 Literature review 6


Chapter Three

3.0 METHODOLOGY 20
3.1 Reconnaissance 20
3.1.1 Office reconnaissance 20
3.1.2 Field reconnaissance 21
3.1.3 Data acquisition 21
3.2 Instruments used 22
3.3 Personnel 22
3.4 Instrument test 23
3.4.1 Horizontal collimation test 23
3.4.2 Optical plumet test 24
3.4.3 Total station EDM test 24
3.5 Traversing 26
3.6 Linear measurement 26
3.7 Leveling 27
3.8 Detailing 30


Chapter Four

4.0 DATA ANALYSIS PROCESSING AND PRESENTATION 31
4.1 Preambles 31
4.2 Linear measurement reduction 31
4.3 Computation of co-ordinate 31
4.4 Computation of initial bearing 33
4.5 Computation of unadjusted co-ordinate 34
4.6 Computation of final co-ordinate 35
4.7 Data presentation 36
4.8 Plotting of traverse 36
4.8.1 Procedure for plotting of profile using land
Development involves the following steps 37
4.8.2 Entity/layer creation 38


Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Problem encountered, Recommendations and Conclusion
5.1 Summary 40
5.2 Problem encountered 41
5.3 Conclusion 42
Reference 43
Appendix 45


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

A route survey is collection operation to gather information about the proposed route of a roadway, utility pipe or railway.

The details of the method of surveying to be used in a given project depends upon the topography, the nature of the project and other factors.

In this modern age, the goods system of transportation has actually become a measure of country’s economic and social development. While discussing the effect of good transportation system, it may be said that the increase in productivity and efficient transportation can lower the cost of production; the transportation cost is always an influencing factors of cost of commodity.

Route survey involves activities like planning, designing and execution of survey for the location design, construction operation and maintenance of good engineering project.

Route survey is required for all phase of planning designing and construction of transportation facilities. The rehabilitation of existing road include the terrain data design, the engineer should prepare the plan with specification deferring the work to be done vividly.

Seeing the fact that state government has limited resources to carter for the survey needs of the state, the department of surveying and geoinformatics federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri sees it as a wise decision to contribute towards the national development by helping in construction of 4KM road in Emekuku Owerri north L.G.A to Umuagwu Isinkwo in Ikeduru Imo State through surveying of the road. The data collected can a well be submitted to ministry of work as a record which could be reviewed wherever the state government wants to embark on the maintenance of this road. Subsequently, this project was allocated to a particular group in the award of higher national diploma (HND) this project was carried out using total station, measuring tape, GPS, reflector.


1.2 Aim of Study

The aim of this project is to gather relevant information of the said route by determining the longitudinal section for profile, along Umuagwuisinkwo North Local Government Areas in Imo State; keeping in view the method and technology of achieving a successful route /road construction project and the stand and of these road construction project.


1.3 Objectives Of Study

  1. To analysis process and present the data in digital format.
  2. To design the formation level of the road and also the cut and fill.
  3. To provide formation (data) that are needed to show or portray the nature of terrain along the centre line of the road.
  4. To provide information needed for the construction of the route.

1.4 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this covers the total distances of about 4KM. it started at Emekuku chainage 0+00 and ended at Umugwuisisnkwo it involve route surveying methods and techniques using the following operation.

  1. Traversing along the centre line of the route.
  2. Profile leveling
  3. Production of plan using Microsoft excel and survey soft and plot the following survey.
  4. Traversing
  5. Profile

1.5 Study Area

The project site is located at Emekuku in Owerri north to Umuagwuisinkwo Local government in Ikeduru Area of Imo State.

COORDINATE OF EMEKUKU
Latitude coordinate 50 28’ 14”
Longitude coordinate 70 06’ 13”


1.6 Other Miscellaneous Services

  1. Survey to show the final product of the construction
  2. Survey to find out what the existing condition is (preliminary survey)
  3. Survey to monitor determination of the project (post excavation survey).
  4. Survey to stakeout the processed data on the ground (location survey).

I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

SAMPHINA

SAMPHINA

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of samphina.com.ng a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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