Relationship Between Lifestyles And Health Problems Suffered By The People Of Bassa Local Govt Of Plateau State, Nigeria

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Relationship Between Lifestyles And Health Problems Suffered By The People Of Bassa Local Govt Of Plateau State, Nigeria


Abstract


This study aims to investigate the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by the people of Bassa local government of Plateau state, Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. A mean score rating method was used for analysis of the data based on the 2.5 acceptance region format to answer the research questions, while to address the research hypothesis, the chi-square was used. The results indicate that there is a general positive relationship between the lifestyle and health problem suffered by people of the Bassa Local Government area of the plateau state of Nigeria. Efforts should be made to improve the lifestyle of the people.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The way a particular individual or group chose to function in life constitute as their Lifestyle which is also formed by political, religious, economic, cultural, and religious context. It consists of the character exhibited by people of a particular community. These consist of the daily activities, job, diet and leisure activities (Dariush, 2015). The study on lifestyle as a determinant on the state of health of an individual has attracted attention by researchers in recent times. The world health organization indicated that 60% of health related problems of individuals are attributed to the quality of lifestyle of the individual. Recent report shows that a great number of people adopt an unhealthy life style that is the reason why they suffer from different illnesses, disability and untimely death.

Diseases such as metabolic diseases, overweight, violence, skeletal and joint problems, cardio-vascular diseases, hypertension, and so on, can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. Therefore, it is apparent that the relationship of lifestyle and health is factor to consider. There are various lifestyles such as exercise, sex, diet, medication abuse, substance abuse, sleep and use of modern technology. For example, continuous exercise with healthy diet improves healthy living. Sex is necessary for healthy life; but when it is abused leads to Sexual diseases. The problem of obesity is caused by poor diet. Self-treatment, sharing medication, using medications without prescription etc., leads to health complications. The effect associated with Smoking and using other substance includes cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancer, brain injury. The neglect of not having a good sleep could lead to several social, psychological, economical and healthy consequences. While, the Misuse of technology as computer and phones to midnights may affect our pattern of sleep. The study seeks to investigate the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The high incidence of health related problems in our communities call for adequate attention. The type of lifestyle exhibited by people of a given community is determined in the context of political, religious, economic, cultural, and religious factors. Consquently, many people are not aware of the consequences of their lifestyle on their health conditions. The level of health related disease in our communities is increasing at an alarming rate due to unwholesome lifestyles. The problem confronting the study is to investigate the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The fundamental objective of the study is to investigate the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.

The specific objectives of the study include;

  1. To determine the types of lifestyle of people.
  2. To determine the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people.
  3. To determine the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the types of lifestyle of people?
  2. What is the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people?
  3. What is the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Ho1: There is no significant relationship between lifestyle and health problems suffered by the people of Bassa local government of Plateau state, Nigeria.


1.6 Significance of the Study

The study intends to provide valuable information concerning lifestyle and their effect on health related issues affecting people of all groups.

It shall also be serve a useful purpose for provide counsel to people who are addicted to certain lifestyles.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

The research was restricted to BASA local government of plateau state due to logistics and geographical factors.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Lifestyle Defined

The way a particular individual or group chose to function in life constitute as their Lifestyle which is also formed by political, religious, economic, cultural, and religious context. It consists of the character exhibited by people of a particular community. These consist of the daily activities, job, diet and leisure activities.

Sleep Defined

Sleep is viewed as the state of rest by natural suspension of bodily functions.

Healthy Sexual Life Defined

Healthy sexual life is practicing safe sex and abstinence from sexually transmitted diseases.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

This study focused on the relationship between lifestyle and health problems suffered by the people of Bassa local government of Plateau state, Nigeria. The study was set to address three research objectives.

The objectives which include:

  1. To examine the types of lifestyle of people.
  2. To establish the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people
  3. To find out the relationship between lifestyles and health problems suffered by people of Bassa local government of plateau state of Nigeria.

Based on the above stated objective and the study carried out, the following findings were made:

  1. That there is a generally positive lifestyle for the people.
  2. That there is a generally positive relationship between lifestyle and health problems suffered by the people.
  3. That there is a generally positive relationship between lifestyle and health problem suffered by the people of Bassa Local government of Plateau state of Nigeria.

5.2 Conclusion

The main purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between lifestyle and health problems suffered by the people of Bassa local government of Plateau state, Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study.

In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all the people of Bassa LGA of Plateau state, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 200 respondents for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:

  1. That there is a generally positive lifestyle for the people.
  2. That there is a generally positive relationship between lifestyle and health problems suffered by the people.
  3. That there is a generally positive relationship between lifestyle and health problem suffered by the people of Bassa Local government of Plateau state of Nigeria.

5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Efforts should be made to improve the lifestyle of the people of Bassa LGA.
  2. Government should equally ensure that good health care facilities are provided for the people of Bassa.
  3. There should be proper orientation of the stakeholders on the need for a healthy lifestyle among the people.

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