Design And Construction Of A Four Bedroom Senior Staff Quarters With Facilities

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Project and Seminar Material for Building Technology BT

Project and Seminar Material for Building Technology BT


Dedication


This project report is dedicated to God almighty for his infinity mercy and also to our respective parents.


Acknowledgement


Our gratitude goes to our supervisor Dr. Chris Nwando for assisting us in producing this project report relating to the report writing. The researcher’s are also our gratitude to the head of department Bldr. Ukah G.C for making some materials relating to the topic available reference


Abstract


This project research is examine the effective direction of a proposed four bedroom senior quarters with facilities, the building identifies the various processes and stages that are involved and the stage of planning and execution which involves viability and feasibility study, including soil and site analysis, step plan and architectural working drawing, writing of construction programmed, and taking off, the use of the above documents in respect with its processes of actualization analysis inclusive the processes of planning and controlling with the construction site.


Table Of Contents


  • Cover page
  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Certification page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of content
  • Abstract

Chapter One

  • 1.0 introduction
  • 1.1 feasibility study of site
  • 1.2 Factors for the choice of site

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 literature review
  • 2.1 Computation of work programme
  • 2.2 transportation of materials
  • 2.3 storage of materials
  • 2.4 foundation of materials

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 methodology
  • 3.1 preliminary involved on site/construction process of a four bedroom of senior staff quarters
  • 3.1.1 Investigation and exploration
  • 3.1.2 Foundation type
  • 3.1.3 Access road
  • 3.1.4 Fencing and Hoarding
  • 3.1.5 Plant and equipment in construction
  • 3.1.6 Labour
  • 3.1.7 Water supply
  • 3.1.8 Materials
  • 3.1.9 Electrical installation
  • 3.1.10 Transportation
  • 3.1.11 Food and cateries facilities
  • 3.1.12 Storage of materials
  • 3.1.13 Construction process of the main building
  • 3.1.14 .0 Substructure
  • 3.1.14.1 Site Clearance and leveling of site
  • 3.1.14.2 Excavation of oversite
  • 3.1.14.3 Setting out of the building
  • 3.1.14.4 Excavation of foundation trenches and surface treatment
  • 3.1.14.5 Excavated of foundation trench and base
  • 3.1.14.6 Earth work support and treatment
  • 3.1.14.7 Batching
  • 3.1.14.8 Foundation concreting
  • 3.1.14.9 Mixing
  • 3.1.14.10 Transportation
  • 3.1.14.11 Placing
  • 3.1.14.12 Wetting
  • 3.1.14.13 Curing
  • 3.1.14.14 Block work up to DPC
  • 3.1.14.15 Black filling of selected excavated
  • 3.1.14.16 Laterite filling
  • 3.1.14.17 Hardcore filling
  • 3.1.14.18 Form work to oversite concrete
  • 3.1.15.1 Super structure
  • 3.1.15.2 Erection of super structural walls and partition
  • 3.1.15.3 Form work
  • 3.1.15.4 Reinforcement of lintels
  • 3.1.15.5 Concrete lintel
  • 3.1.15.6 Scaffording
  • 3.1.15.7 Block work on lintels
  • 3.1.15.8 Roofing
  • 3.1.15.9 Ceiling
  • 3.1.15.10 Fixing of door and window frames
  • 3.1.15.11 Electrical installation
  • 3.1.15.12 Plumbing and fitting work
  • 3.1.15.13 Plastering and rending
  • 3.1.15.14 Procedure for plastering
  • 3.1.15.15 Dressing
  • 3.1.15.16 Fixing of shuters (doors)
  • 3.1.15.17 Glazing
  • 3.1.15.18 Plumbing services
  • 3.1.15.19 Internal plumbing
  • 3.1.15.20 External plumbing
  • 3.1.15.21 Types of sewage plants
  • 3.1.15.22 Functions of sewage plant or system
  • 3.1.15.23 Principles in planning drainages system
  • 3.1.15.24 Floor finishes and filling
  • 3.1.15.25 Wall filling
  • 3.1.15.26 Painting and decoration
  • 3.1.15.27 Primary coat
  • 3.1.15.28 Under coat
  • 3.1.15.29 Finishing coat
  • 3.1.15.30 testing
  • 3.1.15.31 Cleaning up site
  • 3.1.15.32 Hand over
  • 3.2.0 Specification of materials and ownership
  • 3.2.1 Gravel (coarse aggregated)
  • 3.2.2 Water
  • 3.2.3 Consistency of concrete
  • 3.2.4 Concrete mixing
  • 3.2.5 Transporting concrete
  • 3.2.6 Concrete and filling
  • 3.2.7 Concrete protection
  • 3.2.8 Hardcore and filling
  • 3.2.9 Form work
  • 3.2.10 Reinforcement
  • 3.2.11 Brick work/Block work
  • 3.2.12.1 Mix proportion
  • 3.2.12.2 Curing
  • 3.2.12.3 Strength
  • 3.2.12.4 Size
  • 3.2.12.5 Workmanship
  • 3.2.13 Cement storage
  • 3.2.14 Roofing (corrugated roofing sheet)
  • 3.2.15 Hollow clay blocks
  • 3.2.16 Sand crete
  • 3.2.17 Excavation and earthwork
  • 3.2.18 Inspection and excavation
  • 3.2.19 Cement
  • 3.2.20 Delivery on site
  • 3.2.21 Black filling
  • 3.2.22 Carpentry
  • 3.2.23 Joinery
  • 3.2.24 Timber construction
  • 3.2.25 Plywood
  • 3.2.26 Preservative treatment
  • 3.2.27 Framing
  • 3.2.28 Fixing
  • 3.2.29 Door frames
  • 3.2.30 Fabrication
  • 3.2.31 Iron mongery
  • 3.2.32 Tile, Slab, or block finishing
  • 3.2.33 Tile paving
  • 3.2.34 Wall filling
  • 3.2.35 terrazzo paving
  • 3.2.36 Granolithic paving
  • 3.2.37 Craborandum finish
  • 3.2.38 Skirtings
  • 3.3.0 Work programme
  • 3.3.1 Calculation input of work programme

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Bill of quantities

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation
  • 5.1 Conclusion
  • 5.2 Recommendation

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

The design and construction of a 4-bed room senior staff quarter with facilities. This could be referred to as a building of any senior staff could stay. According to the description oxford dictionary it stated that a 4-bed room is where senior staff stays for their safety and be comfortable for the work. A 4-bedroomm must possess facilities and services which will make the staff safe and comfortable at any given time.

Such facilities and service include plumbing services, electricity, carriage, dining, bedrooms, kitchen, lobby, store, good pipe born water, water close, bathroom, varrandar and electrical; appliances such as fan, portable size refrigerator, television and so on.

These facilities and services must always be in good working order so as to prevent an uncomfortable environment to the user. The objectives and uses of staff room with facilities include the following:

  1. To provides security, comfort and good working environment to staffs and visitors
  2. To provides healthy and social facilities to the staff.
  3. To provides opportunity for communal working team spirit and good interpersonal relationship.

1.1 Feasibility Study Of Site

Before one begins too design and construct a building, one should carefully consider the implications of its proposed context, the building site. In federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri located at umuerim Nekede. It was found out that it has a good environment and site conditions which will be suitable for construction, habitation and for learning purposes. The site is located in a well site and healthy environment.

The soil test carried out on the site using trial holes was found to be sandy-loamy soil which geological faults, poor clay soil undulating ground was not in existence. It was also found that there is no existence of overhead and underground service such as electricity, water service pipe and so on. Around and within the site, so , in the construction of 4-bed room senior staff with facilities require, must be provided, in order to make the building conducive for the staffs.

Also good site and investigation of soil conditions and environment will enhance continuation of construction without any obstruction or malpractices on site. It will also increase consistency of work and eliminate unnecessary in the lost of production of the building, hence enabling the contractor to be aware of the exact operation to be carried out during construction


1.2 Factors For The Choice Of Site

The choice of building site could be influence by a number of factors namely:

  1. Geographical factors.
  2. climatic factors
  3. economical factors
  4. political factors
  5. social-cultural factors
  6. accessibility factors
  7. environmental factors

1.2.1 Geographical Factor

This include soil type, topography and vegetation. The bearing capacity of the soil ascertain from the soil type. The type of foundation to be adopted for any given structure is determined by the soil bearing capacity. The soil type will also indicate the case of drainage both for surface and ground water.

The choice of machinery to be deployed to the site fork clearing, excavations, will also be influenced by the soil type. Certain soils are so weak that building on them, without ad equates preparation creates adverse consequences. Topography which refers to land forms and ground slope will indicate the foundation type.

The building form and the site drainage, site climate / wind, temperature, solar radiation) will affect the construction. The vegetation of an area will dictate the type of plant to be hired in the site.


1.2.2 Climatic Factor

This includes sun, wind precipitation and temperature. These climatic factor influence positioning of the building. It can influenced the construction activities. The investigation we carry out proved that the sun usually rise from the east and the temperature, wind and pressure on the site is moderate. Therefore, positioning the building, the front elevation should not be at the east.


1.2.3 Economical Factor

The cost of acquiring land in the urban areas are more expensive compared to the rural area. The economic turnover in both area vary. Building in the urban areas attracts more rentage than in the rural areas thus; the initial cost of land acquisition influences the choice of building site the cost of acquiring land can affect the client choice of building site


1.2.4 Political Factor

The land use degree 1975 vest constitutional ownership of all land in the state on the state government. The government has the right to allocate or revoke allocation of land for development of people, organization, government agencies etc.

Layout has also been created in the urban areas for given or stipulated development, residential, commercial, Industrial etc. This land can e used to compensate political friends and victims of political enemies, it mean that people may be deprived of their intended site due to political inclination.


1.2.5 Socio-Cultural Factor

The land tenure system and the traditional made of inherent influence some choice of building site during our investigation, we find out that the customs and believe of Federal Polytechnic Nekede staff is quite encouraging and their law is not against the project.


1.2.6 Accessibility Factor

These include the noise level; of an area and surrounding environment. Through the investigation, the environment of Federal Polytechnic Nekede is very quite Okay. All the factors that influence the choice of building site was taken care of.


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