An Assessment Of Participation In Outdoor Recreation Activities

Project and Seminar Material for Urban and Regional Planning

An Assessment Of Participation In Outdoor Recreation Activities


Abstract


This study is on an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities. The total population for the study is 200 residents in Uyo, Akwaibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made married men, public servants, students and youths were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Recreation is as old as man and everybody needs it. This is due to its vast and fundamental importance. It plays an important role in physical, economic and socio-cultural development of mankind (Okoli 2001). It is for this reason that Obateru (2003) expresses the need for Nigerians to participate in recreation activities in order to improve their health, facilitate their economic output and also to make worthy use of leisure time. Recreation activities according to Atemie (1997) are an important ingredient for long life. It is for this reason that Straus (1998), a medical educator emphasized that recreation is as important as eating a healthy diet and getting enough exercise. It has the ability in helping to deal with stress in life, by changing the focus of attention from those stressful situations. Today’s young participants in outdoor recreation activities are tomorrow’s adult outdoor enthusiasts and conservationists, but sadly fewer and fewer youth are leaving outdoors each year to indoor recreation activities. In Nigeria however, it has been observed that the culture of participating in recreation activities consciously is relatively low. This may not be unconnected with the economic circumstance prevalent in the country. Results of recent researches into the recreation activities of Nigerians in different walks of life (Makasi, 1985) Imazobi, (1988) seem to indicate that certain unexpected factors prevent most Nigerians from engaging in recreation activities. While Nigeria is blessed with several abundant recreation activities such as swimming, football, lawn tennis, boating, picnicking, basketball, polo playing, TV viewing and several other activities which could be participated in by Nigerians. As part of this national assessment of outdoor recreation trends, we have taken a look at participation patterns and levels of participation across activities and across segments of our society. The primary source of data is the National Survey on Recreation and the Environment (NSRE). The NSRE is the latest in the continuing series of National Recreation Surveys conducted by the federal government since 1960 (Cordell, 1995). The NSRE covers participation in over 80 activities, ranging from casual walking outdoors to more challenging activities such as rock climbing and white water canoeing. This chapter on outdoor recreation participation first looks at national participation in land-, water-, and snow- and ice-based recreation activities. Long-term trends are covered, tracking some activities back to the original national survey done in 1960. To examine geographic patterns, differences in population percentages across Census regions and divisions are explored, with a focus on activities with the greatest differences. To further explore geographic patterns, selected activities are mapped at county scale to show more detailed patterns of participation across and within regions. Intensity of participation is described using days and trips away from home as the measure of involvement in outdoor activities. Participation differences among social groups in American society are examined, and constraints to participation described.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Results of recent research into the recreation activities of Nigerians in different walks of life (Makasi, 1985) Imazobi, (1988) seem to indicate that certain unexpected factors prevent most Nigerians from engaging in recreation activities. While Nigeria is blessed with several abundant recreation activities such as swimming, football, lawn tennis, boating, picnicking, basketball, polo playing, TV viewing and several other activities which could be participated in by Nigerians. On this background the researcher wants to investigate an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities.


1.2 Objective of the Study

The objectives of the study are;

  1. To assess the important of participating in outdoor recreation activities
  2. To ascertain what prevent Nigerians from participating in outdoor recreation activities
  3. To ascertain the participation patterns and levels of participation across activities and across segments of our society

1.4 Research Hypotheses

For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

  1. H0: there is no important of participating in outdoor recreation activities
    H1: there is important of participating in outdoor recreation activities
  2. H02: there are no participation patterns and levels of participation across activities and across segments of our society
    H2: there are participation patterns and levels of participation across activities and across segments of our society

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study will give clear insight on an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities. The study will be beneficial to students and the general public. It will also serve as a reference to others researcher that will embark on this topic


1.6 Scope and Limitation

The scope of the study covers an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) Availability of Research Material:

The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) Time:

The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy:

Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities


1.7 Definition of the Study

Participation:

Participation in social science refers to different mechanisms for the public to express opinions and ideally exert influence regarding political, economic, management or other social decisions.

Outdoor:

Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to leisure pursuits engaged in the outdoors, often in natural or semi-natural settings out of town

Recreation Activities:

Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. The “need to do something for recreation” is an essential element of human biology and psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement, or pleasure and are considered to be “fun


1.8 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of participation in outdoor recreation activities


5.2 Summary

This study was on an assessment of participation in outdoor recreation activities. Three objectives were raised which included: To assess the important of participating in outdoor recreation activities, to ascertain what prevent Nigerians from participating in outdoor recreation activities, to ascertain the participation patterns and levels of participation across activities and across segments of our society. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 residents in Uyo, Akwaibom state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made married men, public servants, students and youths were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies


5.3 Conclusion

It has been well documented that sports participation has health-related benefits. But still a significant number of people found avoiding participation. As a result most of them are found to be suffering from metabolic diseases. Recreational activities and modified games may attract people but not all.


5.4 Recommendation

  1. A general-approach plan that influences individuals’ lives should be prepared.
  2. Organizations should educate employees about healthy lifestyles, including exercise.
  3. Recreational programmes should be organised periodically in line with individuals’ desires. In addition to motivation and quality-of-life studies on employees, their participation in recreational activities should be encouraged.
  4. People views on how to increase job satisfaction should be seriously considered.

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