Production Of Dettol

Project and Seminar Material for Science Laboratory Technology SLT

Production Of Dettol


Abstract


Dettol is non-poisonous, safe, pleasant and economical in use. It has an agreeable smell. Dettol is active against both germ positive and Germ negative micro-organisms. It is well tolerated on the skin and tissues in high concentration. The original Dettol liquid antiseptic and disinfectant is light yellow in colour in the concentrated form. Bacteriological data and the literature of Dettol are available on request. Antibacterial are antiseptics that have the proven ability to act against bacteria. Antiseptics are generally distinguished from antibiotics by the latter’s ability to be transporated through the lymphatic system to destroy bacteria within the body and form disinfectants, which destroy microorganisms found on non-living objects.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

Dettol is the trade name for a line of hygiene products manufactured by Reckitt Benckiser. It has been in use since before the 1980s. Antiseptics anti, “against” “putrefactive are antimicrobial substances that are applied to living tissue/skin to reduce the possibility of infection, sepsis, or putrefaction. Antiseptics are generally distinguished from antibiotics by the latter’s ability to be transported through the lymphatic system to destroy bacteria within the body and from disinfectant, which destroy microorganisms found on non-living objects.

Some antiseptics are true germicides, capable of destroying microbes (bacteriocidal), while others are bacteriostatic and only prevent or inhibit their growth.

Antibacterials are antiseptics that have the proven ability to act against bacteria. Microbilides which destroy virus particles are called viricides or antivirals.

For growth of bacteria, there must be a food supply, moisture, oxygen (if the bacteria is an obligate aerobe), and a certain minimum temperature. These conditions have been studied and dealth with in food preservation and the ancient practice of embalming the dead, which is the earliest known systematic use of antiseptics.

In early inquiries before there was an understanding of microbes, much emphasis was given to the prevention of putrefaction, and procedures were carried out to determine the amount of agent that was to be added to a given solution in order to prevent the development of pus and putrefaction; however, due to a lack of a developed understanding of germ theory this method was maccurate and, today, an antiseptic in judged by its effect on pure cultures of a defined microbe and or their vegetative and spore forms. The standardization of antiseptics has been implemented in many instances, and a water solution of phenol of a certain fixed strength is now used as the standard to which other antiseptics are compared.

The manufacturers of Dettol submit the following facts to your attention.

Wide mention in medical literature has made Dettol a tex-book antiseptic wide clinical use has attested the efficiency of Dettol in literally millions of cases which range from minor accident to major operation.

Efficiency

Dettol is an efficient antiseptic which, moreover, retains a high degree of efficiency in the presence of organic matter.

Toleration

Dettol is well tolerated on the skin and tissues in high concentrations. Moreover, its non-toxicity offers a high degree of safety to doctor, nurse and patient.

Strength

The fact that Dettol is well tolerated by the tissues permits dilution to be recommended for clinical purposes which provide a margin of safety even when a reasonable amount of organic material is present.

Activity

Dettol is active against both Germ positive and Germ negative micro-organisms. Under standard conditions of test a dilution of I in 200 kills staphaureus in 10 minutes; a I in 500 dilution kills strept pyogenes in 10 minutes.

Compatibility

Dettol is not incompatible with soap, tracts of which need not be removed before application.

Pleasantness

Dettol is non-poisonous, safe, pleasant and economical in use. It has an agreeable smell.

Data

Bacteriological data and the literature of Dettol are available on request. Dettol is packed in 2 and 5 gallon, purchase tax free dispensing containers.

Dettol process:

Convert alkyl aromatics in the C7 to C10 range. Also converts C9 – C10 aromatic concentrates to C8 aromatics. Mainly requires hydrodealkylation.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1 Summary

Dettol is one of those chemicals which we instantly recognize by its distinctive smell. It is an aromatic compound derived form phenol, which contains a significant chlorine atom, helping us in our continuous fight against unwanted bacteria.

They are seen to have an integral part of in the society as it is used for cleaning to reduce the population size of pathogenic micro-organisms. It is of three types (the liquid Dettol, Dettol soap and Dettol cream).

It is commercially available as an in expensive liquid antiseptic which is safe and gentle enough to use on the skin and yet powerful enough to also use as a disinfectant. This is because of its broad spectrum of antimicrobial action. It is effective against gram positive and negative bacteria, fungi, yeast, mildew and even the frightening.

It is even used to treat acne, which is caused by bacterial infections and not the ever indulgence of the irresistible chemicals found in chocolate.

Before you start swilling molecules of dettol around the house like many other chemicals be aware that over use may lead to contact dermatitis or even bacterial resistance. Frequent washing with cheaper “plain” soap and water sharply reduce the risks of infection, and good old fashioned, but highly effective Dettol is a very good way to disrupt a bacterial cells membrane potential, drastically affecting its ability to produce ATP and thus leading to its rapid death.

Dettol has some considerable advantages from low toxicity, low metal corrosivity (important when sterilizing medical instruments), and is active ever pH 4 – 9. Despite being only slightly soluble in water it has a good solubility in alcohols.

Dettol may not be the most glamorous molecule of the mouth, but it is another example of how a relatively simple molecule has greatly benefited mankind.


5.2 Recommendation

The use of Dettol as cleaning agent should be a vital aspect of man and his environment as it helps to reduce the population size of pathogenic micro-organisms by proper hygiene. It is therefore recommended in every household for keeping man and his environment neat and tidy and consequently create a disease free and healthy environment.
Furthermore the Dettol is recommended for use in industries in various function. It is use in the washing of tools and equipments in the washing of industrial safety wears and keeping the entire environment neat for convincing in production.

The production of Dettol’s is recommended in all other areas of man, in our homes, schools, hospitals, lavatories, offices etc.

The production process is recommended to science student in creating of self employed job opportunities and in the development of the use of Dettol.


5.3 Conclusion

The importance of Dettol in our society today cannot be over emphasized. Its role in the claiming of man and his environment has created a convenient, befitting and accommodable environment for man to inhibit. It also provides a breath of fresh air to man and makes him comfortable to settle in his environment.

Any society without Dettol or any of its alternatives is prone to a diseased, destructive and contaminated society. Such society is prone to bacteria, fungal or virus infection by micro-organisms which can to so many disease and sickness and even each man and animals in such environment.

In conclusion, the presence of Dettol in our society provides health and long life as well as an accommodable environment for man and all other living thing. It also assist in the course of maintaining the life span of some useful objects as cleaning is part of maintenance scheme


Production Of Dettol


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