Influence Of Leaders Vertical Communication On Government Employees In Uyo

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Influence Of Leaders Vertical Communication On Government Employees In Uyo


Abstract


This study is the Influence Of Leaders Vertical Communication On Government Employees In Uyo. Leaders Vertical Communication makes management or organization to boost the overall productivity and efficiency of their organization. Effective communication makes workers to communicate effectively or work hard in organization. With respect to the foregoing, this study is undertaken with the aim to promote effective communication. This work comprised of three chapters. Introduction occupies chapter one, which also contain the background of the subject matter, problems associated with the subject matter, problem that will be concerned with, and the importance of the studying the area.

Chapter two is the literature review. It also treats the origin of study and the different methods of studying the problems.

The last chapter is chapter three, the conclusion it comprises data presentation, which shows tastes containing the effective of communication as a tool for management.

Finally, there are references at the end of each chapter. This is done with the intension to keep with the ethical rule in researching that is giving credit to whom it belongs.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

It is common knowledge that organizations require their employees or workers to behave in a certain way as well as perform better at all times, if the organization is to survive and achieve their set aims. The various forms of behavior and attitudinal disposition which organizations require of their employees in order to actualize set goals depend on the kind of communication system existing in the organization. Over time it has been observed that organizations continue to lay emphasis on ensuring that employees are performing at their very best, as these employees are key to organizational survival, (Mohammed, 2020).

Communication is of great importance in dealing with the human factors throughout his stay in the organization starting from the recruitment stage to the retirement stage. It relates managerial function to both internal and external environment. In any organization every system must have the ability of interacting with its sub-system if they are to achieve their aims communication is the only solution to this because it provides information that guides the system towards organizational goal accomplishment.

Communication should be realized as an inseparable aspect of human existence because people ineffective communication cannot be excluded if this communication system is not looked into the organization is likely to face serious problem in future. A proper looks into this communication system is relevant to enable it face the modern challenges of technology and competitions on its way to growth and survival. This employees of the company come from different parts of the country which means that they have diverse language ethnics social and cultural backgrounds which have the ability of acting as barrier to effective communication.

However on how poor communication affects specific corporation like first bank are rare to be found. The peculiar problems of this corporation have not been identified. This project attempts to review some of the general problems with special reference to how they affect first bank and suggest suitable strategies for improving the communication system in the firm.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Communication plays a variable role in the efficient management of organization. Most organization does not recognize this, thereby they tend to underrate the effect of effective communication in organizations. It is quite difficult to ascertain the causes of ineffective.

Communication in organization. This research tends to find out whether ineffective communication in first bank is caused by the communication flow that is the down words (supervior to subordinate) up words (subordinate to superior) in the organization or whether it is caused semantic problem.

For communication to also play an important role, there will be a good decision making body and this write up then tends to relate to us how decisions are made and carried out between the manager and their subordinate.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

This research aims at investigation influence of leaders vertical communication on government employees in Uyo.

Other purpose of the study includes:

  1. To ascertain the communication system operative in this organization.
  2. To Asses the relationship between leaders vertical communication linkages as obtained in the day to day running of the firm.
  3. To determine and evaluate the various problems Militating against leaders vertical communication at different levels of the organization..

1.4 Research Questions

These are the research questions for this study:

  1. How does leaders vertical communication assists an organization increase government employees performance?
  2. To what extent does communication assists manufacturing organization to achieve its goals and objectives in dynamic business environment?
  3. Does leaders vertical communications has significant effect on profit maximization of manufacturing company?
  4. How does leaders vertical communication contributes to organization productivity?
  5. To what extent does leaders vertical communication improves the manager-employee relation?
  6. Does effective communication influences employees to perform better?

1.5 hypothesis of the Study

  • H0: Vertical communication does not have positive impacts on Government Employees In Uyo.
  • H1: Vertical communication has significant impacts on on Government Employees In Uyo

1.6 Significance of the Study

The research hopes that after this study management will see communication as a vital tools in the organization and also that ineffective communication can sold up an organization. Management will also see that communication has an important role to play on works products. This research believes that if the recommendations given in this project are acceptable there will be effective communication and productivity will be high..


1.7 Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this study focused on the impacts of effective communication on employee performance in Uyo Local government Area. This project also covered the concept of effective communication and its elements, conceptual framework on communication, theoretical framework of communication, communication efficiency, communication flow in the industry and benefits of sound communication.

This study could have included other aspects of communication but there was limited time available on the part of the researcher to carry out an extensive investigation and high cost of acquiring needed materials. Another constraint which served as limiting factor was the unwillingness of the executives in the organization to release their vital information without the approval of the management.


1.8 Definition of Important Terms

a. Communication:

The exchange of ideas, information order etc from the sender and the understanding of the message by the receiver.

b. Dyadic Communication:

The exchange of communication between two people.

c. Communication Over Load:

Receiving more information than one can adequately process.

d. Semantics:

The branch of linguistics concerned with studying the meanings of words and sentence.

e. By-Passing:

Giving of different meanings by the sender and receiver of a message to the words and symbols that are used in communication.

f. Message:

This is a piece of news or a request sent to secondary. It could be in the form of spoken words, written words or physical gestures.

g. Channel or Media:

This is any way by which news, ideas, etc may travel.

h. Decoding:

Attaching a meaning to a message, that is received.

i. Encoding:

The translation of thoughts or idea in the form that be understood by the receiver in the senders mind.

j. Response:

This is the reaction of an individual or receiver to the stimulus because of his understanding of the message from the sender

k. Grapevine:

Informal communication channels in an organization.

l. Grapevine:

Informal communication channels in an organization.


1.9 Organizations of the study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Findings, Recommendations and Conclusion

5.1 Findings

The problem under current study is to determine if actually strict application or rules of communication by managers enhances productivity in the organization. The findings from results show that strict application of the rules of communication by man agers improves productivity.

In a work situation the manager’s most important function is the transmission or information to his subordinates
and others in a position to in fluence the attainment of organizational objectives. The aim is to gain co-operation based on adequate understanding, and to avert discontempt, disputes, distrust and misunderstanding from all groups who influences his workers.

It is only through effective application of the rules of communication by the functions or management that is primarily organizing, staffing, directing and controlling can be achieved as well.

Communication is the process through which information is conveyed within an organization and or between one and another party in organization is very vital for organizational needs. The estimates of the amount of time devoted to communication in organizations, according to Akanni (1987) ranges from 50% to 90% .

It is observed that any manager who wishes to thrive in accomplishing the organizational goals cannot afford to ignore the important role of informal channels of communication, because it is the channel that of ten carries undisguised truth about the performance of the organization.

Therefore, effective communication must exist if complex organizations are to be productive,


5.2 Recommendations

From the interpretation and observation shows that effective communication leads to improved organizational performance which also serves as a tool in organization management. Over the years, the importance of communication in an organized effort has been recognized by many authors.

Communication is an aspect of life because it is extremely difficult to think of life without it. Effective communication must exist if complex organizations are to be productive. This finding is supported by Richard L. Weaver (1992). Communication is both the core and bottleneck of organization management. It is the cement which holds organizations together as well as the gap between vital hierarchical elements.

Effective communication is essential for the internal functioning of enterprises because it integrates the management functions namely planning, organizing, motivating and controlling, Planning helps to lay the foundation for orderly communication . Determines goals and efficient methods and approaches for reaching those goals. Organizing however, provides a framework of management mechanism for purposive, integrate, co -operative action by many people, joint effort to implement any action. Motivating – unifies ideas, emotions, resources and transformation into appropriate actions. Th is requires communication that guides, encourages and corrects. It involves co-operation and reliability, creativity and productivity. And controlling action involves supervision and reporting of the goals that are shared. It is essential for the integral function of an establishment because it brings the different sections of the organization together, Specifically, communication is needed to establish and disseminate goals among departments develop plans for the achievement, organize human and other resources in the most effective and efficient way.

Communication between members of work groups, helps to co-ordinate quicker procedure of directing and establish relationship among different departments, bearing in mind that the success of the organization depends on the co- operative working of an sections of the organizations.

Management become aware of changes in customers needs, sources of suppliers, new legislative by government as it affects business, claims of share holders and feelings of the public about the organization through communication. Activities of the competitors, government, technological development, research findings and price changes among other things are made available to the establishment.

The second finding shows that an organized communication creates awareness and a tool in organization management.

External and internal communications are regarded as equipollent to organizational success. It is the opinion in many quarters that lack of effective communication between management and staff is the major cause of industrial unrest. Within an organization therefore, there are need for the flow of information such that t he feelings of staff are made known to the management and vice -versa. This can be possible by using the various machinery in the organization through which there can be downward, upward and horizontal communication in the organization. Effective communication must have been observed to contain, purposive, interchanges, ideas/opinions, personally or impersonally and finally symbol or sign. When the effective communication stem from mission to having a purpose it aids to workers of the organizational expectation within a stipulated time frame, by making this possible through the management. It reduces loss of time and resources.

Through effective transmission workers become aware of what the organization/business wants to achieve and how, for even through people can agree on the objectives to be achieved, they ordinarily cannot be left to themselves in selecting strategies that w ill lead to those objectives, but required to be given the basic information.

Information concerning an organization must be properly communicated to all and because when everybody knows what is doing on in the organization, effort will integrated and they feel more belonged and able to contribute meaningful towards the business objective. In other words, communication should not be restricted to any level of management because public opinion is everything (Hincoln).

Good listening habit and need for manager constant meeting to hold between staff and workers w ill create all enabling environment, improv e communication flow among a n levels and enhances confidence and reduces anxieties.


5.3 Conclusion

From the study and findings above on influence of leaders vertical communication on government employees in Uyo, it is however, important to note that it is sine qua non and paramount for organizations success. It is indispensable in achieving the pursuit of organizational objectives. In fact it is believed to be the life blood of every organizations which all the managerial functions hings. As a result no aspect of organization can be effectively managed without it.

It is based on these facts that feelings of the workers and changes in the organization are made known to the management through various machineries. This encourages improvement, quality of co-operation and understanding is equally enhanced.

For effective communication to take place, it required information. Infact information is regarded as a tool for management. No wonder in his own contribution, Eddie Huggins a one time U .K. Corporate Affairs Adviser, observed that management of information is the responsibility of every manager and not just the communicator specialist alone.

In concluding this research work it is hoped that the findings herein would help in the management of organizations communication effectively. Therefore there should be more emphasis and strict adherence to the communication rules which makes it possible in realization of organizational objectives..


Influence Of Leaders Vertical Communication On Government Employees In Uyo


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Influence Of Leaders Vertical Communication On Government Employees In Uyo


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